Fem. Studies 40 (Women, Representation, and Culture Production)
Fem. Studies 40 (Women, Representation, and Culture Production)
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Date Created: 04/26/14
FELI STUDIES 40W EEI I Monnlw 33114 Gina PrinceBvthewood 0 Gina Prince knew Bill Cosby it helped her get ahead 0 She held rm to her view of her script 0 She got more money than she asked for 0 A cultural producer outside of mainstream will want to get the work in front of audience 0 Word of mouth is the easiest way 0 Downhill Racer 0 There are impediments it s their money or they try to change the lm 0 You can rent a theater and do the publicity yourself you are outside the mainstream it s hard to get your film into lm festivals it s hard esp for lesbian female directors 0 Love and Basketball 2000 Director Gina PrinceBythewood o The most successful film directed by a black woman 0 Because of the success of the film she was acted to direct Disappearing Acts 2000 0 Almost got an X rated for the sex scene because people had not seen sex scenes between black couples 0 Followed The Color Purple black males didn t like what Alice Walker was writing and her representation of Black males Steven Spielberg made the film people thought he shouldn t make the film because he didn t know about blacks lives When the film came out there was so much debate about Spielberg making the lm Talked about dirty laundry domestic violence The film was a great phenomena The first 4 days of the film establishes how well the films will do Black women realized that they had a particular power they began to understand how lm works 0 Audiences can sift out reactions to lm 0 Disappearing Acts 2000 0 Terry McMillan9how is it that you change people s perceptions about certain groups of people 0 She talked about her novel 0 Significance people at the grassroots level can have much more control over cultural form than the people in the industry can 9Participation in something that has meaning engaging Emphasis put on groups of people that are not mentioned in mainstream It can happen through a cultural form shoes hairstyle shirt buttons certain cultural forms can have an immediate affect affects depictions of people in certain ways Stereotypes meaningful representations In soap operas the audiences are seen as dupes they have more power than people are giving them The most important thing about filmmediacultural scholars it had crossover appeal I It aired on HBO audiences were not just Black Women I It meant that something that wasn t coming from mainstream was getting a lot of attention Waiting to Exhale Busloads of women went to go see the film it became famous 0 Women of Brewster Place 1989 O O O Outcry from The Color Purple Oprah said that she would help the producers put it on ABC Particular audiences learned that they were not cultural dupes they had a power impact Audience increased on Monday because people contacted other people and said that it was a lm that should be watched 0 Secret Life of Bees 2008 O 0 Based on Sue Monk Kidd novel Blythewood directed it 0 Love and Basketball 2000 0 Significance within 2 areas females in sports Black Women Filmmakers 0 Females in sports 0 0 Title IX of the Education Amendments of l9729Any institution that received federal funds had to have opportunity for equality for women equal opportunity for access I Not just about sports I Previous to title IX if the female got pregnant she had to leave school and stay home after it women could stay in school Renamed in 2002 The Patsy T Mink Equal Opportunity in Education Act 0 Females in Sports 0 O Dollared demographic females spend a lot of money on sports equipment 1994 dollar sale of women s athletic footwear topped the sale of men s I Women spend 6 billion on sports equipment men spent 56 billion 0 Nike If you let me play commercial If you let me play I will like myself more I will have more selfconfidence I will suffer less I will be more likely to leave a man who beats me I will be 60 less likely to get breast cancer 9First nationwide to call attention to the benefit of sports 0 Women have a particular money power 0 Notable achievements o Daughters of the Dust 1991 Dash I First film directed by a black female in theatrical release I It was only in about 5 theaters I It showed the power of an audience I The marketing people went to where Blacks were it got a lot of publicity 0 Tuesday Morning Ride 1995 Houston I A part of Showcase I A short film I It was the first lm directed by a black female to be nominated for an academy award 0 Finding Christa 1991 Billops I Independent film I It has been lost to history I Won the Independent Film Festival won the Grand Jury Prize for best Documentary 0 Middle of Nowhere 2012 Duvernay I Best director award at Sundance o 2004 Daughters of the Dust selected for the National Film Registry I National Film Registry Films that are considered to have a historical significance I Usually films directed by people of color were not in the Registry I The first black filmmaker to get into the National Film Registry 1 Killer of Sheep 0 Spike Lee 0 Boys in the Hood 0 He was good at ancillary rights getting movies to have shirts buttons etc 0 Women Representation amp Cultural Production 0 Image Creation and Representation I Particular audiences engage in films in important particular ways I Representation involves practices of image presentation 9How was the image created How did it enter the public realm 9What has been left out of mainstream of under represented groups 0 Representation is a social process of creating these images 9 These images have meaning and have halos of association 9Image creation and the meanings associated with them change over time and with different social and cultural contexts politics are involved in it 0 Politics of Representation 0 Social process I Meanings have associations I We form impressions of people o Meanings and Associations 0 Change over time amp contexts Responsibility 0 Considerations of what is put in o What is put in has an effect on the groups of people they represent 0 Considerations of what is left out WEDNESDAY 121 4 Lines of Tendency Stereotypes 0 Ideological pressure the way in which you see the world how you act in the world o Ex Get good grades to get into a good college Reproduction of the familiar o British Steward Hall mainstream producers are under ideological pressure to reproduce the familiar sometimes it is not something they have experienced themselves9that s why we see the same images over and over again 0 The pictures that you take reproduce postcards if it doesn t look like something you have experienced vicariously then you re not happy o Members of the dominant society represent that with which they are familiar Transformation 9In Love and Basketball women play basketball 9Monica can t miss curfew but Quincy can Disruption o Disruption of our prior conception of ways in which people have been shown 0 In the process a cultural transformation can take place eyeopening 0 Reorganization 0 Of the elements of a cultural practice Alternate alternative con gurations 0 Look at something that is different 0 Reconstitution of elements in particular contexts 0 Present a whole new way of looking at these images Interpretive Communities 0 Cultural Producers 0 Cultural Critics Scholars 0 People who in engage in strategic interpretations 0 Example Pointing out the safe sex in Love and Basketball 0 Poor white people are left out the whole idea of they got everything and we don t creates polarity and ghting I Particular structures are happy to see groups fighting each other I Particular structures put people in certain boxes 0 Bastard out of Carolina representation by a lesbian of poor white people I You should talk about rape the shape of it perpetuates itself behind closed doors 0 Cultural Consumers 0 They have the most power a profound power 0 They can say No I m not watching that or they can watch it Image Reconstruction 0 Recon guring of images 0 Awareness of social circumstances 0 Bone becomes aware of how people look at her family and how they treat her family 0 Happens through a cultural form 0 Connection to social and cultural movement 0 Then it has power through cultural forms Components of Cultural Movement 0 Reclaim history 0 When people talk about Civil war they talk about strategies the politics who won which particular war 0 We don t think about people who were considered property 0 Look at these people as human beings how do you endure that Start thinking about people are acting and reacting in these certain circumstances 0 Reconstruct and Represent o Beloved Oprah gave Toni Morrison a blank check and she wanted to be in it 0 Oprah acts Oprah she can t act when you look at the killing of the children in the bar they never had a cut or transition the camera just moved in slowly on the woman 0 When someone creates a cultural form you can bring about a difference I Document it and share it 0 Goal recon guration of existing social order Fem Studies 40week 2 Monnlw 471 4 Bastard Out of Carolina How How do particular representations esp those that are created from within the culture have an effect on people who see themselves differently 0 Poor white trash she wants to go and take the Boatwright family and see how it is from inside the family Many times when they wrote about the south they gave a sense of down lifting no uplift She wanted to show how people get caught in particular ways the family has been over time How images overtime have the capacity to have power over people s lives 0 It forms how society interacts with groups of people and how people begin to think of themselves 0 Idea of how is it that particular people in particular ways in society and how it affects them how they begin to understand that they have the power to combat stereotypes Structure generating patterns repeated throughout generations The Boatwright family The women replicate the structures they have been born into Goal of the women to take care of the men Men are unruly teenagers they drink fight go to jail and they have a strong sense of who they are How do people break out of the structure they have been born into 0 Sense of agency comes from a cultural form 0 Movie wanted to show why the men drink why the women hate themselves she wanted to show real people Novel published in 1992 film shown on Showtime 1996 o The film had a 4 year journey to get to Showtime o Angelica Houston an actress won an academy award belongs to a film family 0 Showtime didn t want to show the brutality of the rape of the little girl OOOO Setting Greenville South Carolina Time 19501963 Family The Boatwrights Poor White Trash Anney Mother had Bone when she was 15 Reese Daughter of Anney and Lyle Daddy Glen abusive stepfather Uncle Earle transformation for Ruth OOOOO the story is told Structure young girl as narrator from 513 years old9how she s coming into awareness of socialeconomic background 0 Consciousness 0 She becomes aware of the structures they are born into 0 AGENCY your understanding that you can do something about the forces that are acting upon you 0 Storygellingz offers perspective and re ection 0 Same ingredients Cherokees great grandparents but they have different stories 0 Gives Bone a sense of who she is and where she belongs 0 Gospel music repeats and emotional resonances o Music acts upon Bone 0 Family sense of hopelessness 0 Also show how people come out of hopelessness 2 Forms of Betrayal 1 Young females are betrayed by their mothers 0 Role take care of their brothers and their husbands men acted like overgrown teenagers o The females had a lot of children and when things went wrong another way to take care of the problem was to create another child created con ict between husband and wife9Ex Ruth has another child when one of hers dies 0 Character Deedee I Plays different music country Western 2 The women in the novel who are betrayed by other women in the novel 0 Alma amp Carr lives in Baltimore9Carr is in love with Alma s husband betrays Alma 9 Anney hated to be called trash she wanted to get the illegitimate stamp off of the birth certificate 0 One way she tries to circumvent that they are poor is that she prizes her handwriting she s educated not poor write trash WEDNESDAY 4914 Themes in Bastard Out of Carolina 0 PG 10 Family is family but even love can t keep people from eating at each other 0 Sense of Hopelessness waste of life drinking fighting constantly moving a sense of not belonging in the family legacy of being poor 0 Pg7l Hunger makes you restless 0 Physical and figurative o Hunger for access to things that are denied you 0 Pg 81 The rent was late one month impossible the next and late again after that 0 Cycle of Poverty 0 Pg 82 We knew what the neighbors called us what Mama wanted to protect us from We knew who we were 0 Bone understands that she is poor 0 Pg 206 I was part of the trash down in the mud stained cabins fighting with the darkies and stealing ungratefully from our betters stupid coarse born to shame and death 0 Bone acknowledges that she is poor and doesn t not have hope O O 0 Shannon Pearl Her rage is her journey to empowerment Shannon burns up in the end of the novel She and her family are very i they hire Gospel singers but they won t hire Black people Shannon compares the Boatwrights to Black people lowest form of comparison in that time Pg17O Shannon Everyone knows you re all a bunch of drunks and thieves and bastards Everyone knows who you are 0 Bone lets out her anger for the first time Masturbations Depicted Bone faces sexual abuse many people connect to the emotional brutality that Bone faces Dysfunctional families this level is enormous o In some ways it s a mirror you can look into 0 Bone s storytelling is about sexual fantasies 0 There s an enormous amount of guilt and shame she faces she converts it into masturbation 0 Complex of guilt and desire o This is why Bone loves and hates Daddy Glen I The guilt sweeps over her and she falls apart because of the guilt The Novel Examines 1 Class Socioeconomic location 2 Gender 3 Race 4 Sexuality Dorothy Allison She had a birthday spanking mo st people in brutal families do not admit how hard they are being hit 0 She wrote down her stories 0 She could tell stories that people could believe her 0 She gained popularity with Trash and Bastard Out of Carolina Bastard comes out of her family 0 Boatwright family paid tribute to her aunts and uncles o Painted a broken family She was terrified that the movie would be made wrong Shows passage of time between Anney and Glen s relationship It s supposed to make you angry Belief in God and the hereafter was uplifting Bone is too strong for Glen he can t crush her The courthouse burning was a little dangerous More questions than answers9desire to live and go forward Only cure to meet other people who have the same experience 0 Book became a Way to have a conversation about conversations that they never had 0 Watching the film can be very disturbing Love and Basketball From Week 1 People have certain attitudes about Women who play sports Mother I would like to have done something else I got pregnant Lack of opportunities at a particular times o Father came home with Pizza mother cooked a Wonderful dinner but the father totally disregarded it o If you are a housewife What are the options you have Because of the sex scene which is mild compared to nowadays o It got almost an xrating o How people think of the history of representation of black females 0 Gina thought of it from her culture of young people having sex 39 Sanaa covers her breasts How the Sex Scene differed from usual Portravals of Sex in FilmMedia 1 Quincy used a condom promotes safe sex 2 It hurt for Monica 3 Quincy asked Monica do you want me to stop instead of fmishing it off 0 This representation of sex was different than What mainstream depicts of sex Females in today s society don t oppress yourselves go and ask for that raise 0 Females make 75 of every 1 males make If you watch a lot of television it doesn t accurately represent people 0 They put the police in a good light which may not be true Fem Studies 40 Week 3 Monnlw 41414 Oprah The Color Purple Interview 0 Musical took 8 years to create 0 Came to Broadway turned into a musical 0 About racism domestic violence involved an allblack cast 0 Oprah signed on as one of the producers and she surprised the cast 0 Oprah s involvement was a blessing Oprah comes from a part of the country she has lived a life that is deep dark she captures the imagination of people 0 Multiracial audience broke records on Broadway 0 The story is a heart story people can identify with 0 More evidence of Oprah s touch 0 Oprah has a deep faith in God she acknowledges that she helped the show be successful she was on air for 20 years 0 Oprah wants to be used for a purpose greater than herself 9 She wanted to be in a position where she could be heard 0 Cultural consumers were very important to the Women of Brewster Place 0 When the numbers go up from a Sunday night to a Monday a lot of it had to do with the story itself the time the context and the significance of Oprah herself 0 A Raisin in the Sun the most popular play written by a Black 0 P Diddy s real name9Sean Combs 0 Idea of black people going to the theater was so important 0 Cultural consumers Women of Brewster Place 0 Novel 1982 0 The television film Donna Deitch 0 The most wellknown lm directed by a lesbian affirmative 0 Up until this point all lesbian films had something negative about them Novel and the Film 0 7 predominant women 6 stories in addition to chapter The Block Party 0 Matus article the importance of the Block Party 0 Black women who were without access to power 0 They lived in a rundown part of the city Brewster place 0 The women are out of luck out of resources and many of them have come from the South the Great Migration o Matus describes the life of the people who have moved to this area 0 Block Party a dream says that the author is not misleading you it s an author s sleight of hand 9a sense of something that is unfmished doesn t give us closure 0 Prologue Dawn 0 Epilogue Dusk 0 Novel awarded American National Book Award for First Fiction 1983 Major Characters 0 Mattie Michael 0 Etta Mae Johnson The Women 0 Kiswana Brown 0 Ciel Lucielia Turner Lived with Mattie and Ms Eva in the city of the north where the house is In Brewster place with Eugene9Eugene leaves and comes back to Ciel They have a daughter Serena she died in an accident getting electrocuted Ciel doesn t kill herself she stops living stops eating becomes extremely depressed OOOO 0 She has to come past the grief to living again I Mattie helps in Ciel s transformation 0 Cora Lee 0 She loves baby dolls After they are children she doesn t have any interest in them She watches soap operas all day She has 7 kids She lives off food stamps welfare Kiswana talks her into taking her children see Abshu s play in the park OOOO 0 The Two Lorraine and Theresa 90ther Characters had an effect on the 7 women 0 Butch Fuller gets Mattie pregnant has son Basil o Mattie can t tell her father what happened to her because Butch is not acceptable to her father She is a very sheltered woman 0 Ben handyman and janitor in Brewster Place o From the south o Left the south because of his disabled daughter and his wife allowed the daughter to have sex with the white sharecropping owner o The daughter leaves o Comes in the midl950 s there are different racial communities that lived in Brewster Place I He was the first black to live in Brewster place 0 Miss Sophie spreads rumor about The Two 0 A busy body She leads the charge against the 2 lesbian women Lorraine and Theresa have moved around different parts of the country They are a black lesbian couple there is nowhere else to live The females shut them out lack of support that is part of black women s literature OOOO I Falling down of communityfemale support that leads to the raping and beating of Lorraine 0 CC Baker rapes and beats Lorraine with his gang Mattie 0 Mattie moves to Brewster place because she is looking for a place to stay with her son 0 She can t nd a place to stay because she is black unwed 0 She buys the house from Ms Eva and lives there for 30 years 0 Basil is spoiled and gets into a fight and someone dies 0 Mattie puts the house up for bail Basiil leaves she loses the house and moves to Brewster place 0 Bobo amp Sieter article the novel arrived in l980 s within the context of a lot of conversation about Black women s literature 0 The idea that Black women writers went behind the screen to show the bad things about black women vitriol against black men 0 Disparagement was deliberate harmful o Constructive controversy label is attached to it 0 Author was aware of that A 0 She didn t want her novel about displaying something awful about black men 0 The only one that doesn t do something bad 0 The only character that has resources and can leave Brewster place is Kiswana She has an African name Armchair revolutionary Activist talllts about uplifting She drops out of college and moves to Brewster place to be around the people OOOO and joins civil rights groups 0 Has a boyfriend named Abshu9did a Shakespeare play in the park A Mid summer Night s dream I Dream Deferred About not fulfilling dreams gives metaphors 0 The author didn t want the audience to view the people as bad 0 Bobo was asked to write the definite article about Black women film writers 0 She said no 9Because it was still forming 0 It s like bronzing the baby shoe before the baby can walk 0 Pose the questions poke probe the adaptation of Nailer s novel I Written by a black female 0 Intervention of the novel and earlier works was important in advancing the progress of feminist black women writers Matus Article 0 Reference to Hughes poem in the beginning of the novel the importance of dreams 0 The women in the novel and film have unfulfilled dreams and aspirations 0 The dream is important 0 Demonic Imagery o Matus writes of the chapter about The Block Party there is demonic imagery o Unfulfilled human desire which can lead to violent actions the tearing at the bricks in the walls 0 In novel and film the women tear down the wall that separates Brewster place from the rest of the communityworld 0 Block Party is Dream Sequence 0 The imagery conveyed leads to the catharsis of resistance and aggression I Leading to a possible revelation or understanding of circumstances I Collective dream symbolic act that can only find resolution in the aesthetic or art real constructed as a dream 0 These women don t have the resources to march on city hall 0 Lorraine grabs a brick and throws it at Ben and kills him I Dream sequence is a catharsis of discovery disclosure I Women without any kind of power so the only way they can have any kind of power is through the dream Time of the Novel 0 Mattie moves from Rock Vale Tenn to another city up North about 1941 0 Mattie moves in with Miss Eva about 1951 lives in the house for about 30 years 0 Brown v the Board 1954 0 Civil Rights Act 1964 0 Mattie moves to Brewster place about 1980 0 Lorraine is raped and beaten right before the block party 0 She is wearing a black dress with green prints 0 Then she gets bloodied I Note the dress is red black and green red black and green are the colors of many of the ags of Africa I Killing of Lorraine is the failing of the community the rape of Africa and the brutality that Africa faced The Importance of the Film Explores what is left out of mainstream feminist analysis Alternative examination of Black women s lives and histories WEDNESDAY 41614 Film Notes The Women of Brewster Place Mattie When we women came together there was a power inside us that we never felt before Oprah plays the character Mattie Butch Fuller likes Mattie Mattie has Butch s child Basil Mattie s father thinks Mattie s has a child with Fred Watson Mattie doesn t tell her dad that Butch is the father her father starts beating Mattie Mattie s mom points a gun at Mattie s dad Mattie moves in with Etta o Etta moves to NYC Harlem Mattie tries to move 0 She stops at Ms Eva s house Eva had 5 husbands 0 Eva allows Mattie to stay at her house without paying rent 0 Mattie takes care of Basil Mattie doesn t agree with Eva about how to raise Basil Eva talks about her funeral Eva dies Mattie will use rent money to make down payment on the house Basil gets beat up he got into jail and he is accused of killing someone o Mattie helps Basil get out of jail 0 She loses the house Eva s house Mattie leaves Eva s house and moves to Brewster Place Basil leaves Mattie Ciel has a baby Eugene is her husband Cora Lee has so many babies and can t remember their fathers 0 She watches soap operas 0 Core Lee doesn t care that her son eats out of the trash he has rotten teeth Kiswana and Abshu 0 She wants to start a tenant association because all of the living spaces are controlled by one landlord 0 She wants to put pressure on him to have repairs Ciel is pregnant 0 Eugene knows about the baby but he doesn t want her to have the baby 0 Kiswana wants to help Cora Lee 0 Eugene tells Ciel that he lost his job 0 Ciel has an abortion 0 Kiswana s mom comes to her place 0 She calls her Melanie 0 She hides Abshu s things 0 Kiswana moved out of Linden Hills 0 Kiswana s mom doesn t understand Kiswana I Kiswana dropped out of college to live with the people 0 Mom lives in Linden Hills9The husband is rich and so is she She makes a 5 figure wage 0 Her mom is ashamed of being black she says black isn t beautiful it s just black 0 Her mom leaves her with some cash 0 Cora Lee 0 When she was little every year she got a new baby doll o The old dolls weren t the same as the new ones 0 She would think of them as her own baby 0 She doesn t want her babies to grow up 0 Kiswana wants to change Cora Lee 0 She wants to help change the way she raises her children 0 Kiswana invites her to Abshu s Shakespeare s play A Mid Summer Night s Dream 0 Eugene argues that he is going to Maine to find work 0 Ciel says no he shouldn t go and that she loves Eugene 0 Serena Ciel s baby gets electrocuted and dies 0 Ciel is depressed and motionless she wants to kill herself I Mattie If you leave this world it will be over my dead body 0 Mattie tries to save Ciel out of her depression 0 Mattie bathes Ciel 0 She helps Ciel recover o Ciel leaves Mattie and moves to New York 0 Mattie introduces Etta Mae Johnson to Reverend Woods 0 Mattie doesn t think Etta is worthy of Woods 0 Reverend Woods wants to get to know Etta better 0 Do you believe in fate o Etta and the Reverend have sex 0 He only used her he didn t want to get to know her O Etta comes back to Mattie Brewster place got the wall got closed off because the richer streets became the center Kiswana paints the wall and has hope for Brewster place 0 She has hope for change 0 Mattie says that if she takes down the wall they would put it up again 0 Mattie doesn t have hope Kiswana is different she has hope Lorraine and Theresa o Lorraine notices that other in Brewster Place don t accept their relationship 0 Lorraine used to teach in Detroit Ms Sophie Them Two Against gays They are sinning against the Lord Etta and Ms Sophie fight Sophie is so against Lesbians OOOO I Kiswana stands up against Sophie Lorraine asks Theresa to go to the Tenant s meeting with her 0 Theresa says no because it s a waste of time o Lorraine goes to the meeting alone Lorraine got kicked out of her house for being Lesbian 0 She left with the clothes on her back She got a job at the bakery to support herself through college She would send her dad Xmas cards but he would send them back unopened I She stopped putting the return address hoping that he would open them someday O O 0 One year she called home and her mom answered the phone and as soon as she heard it was Lorraine she hung up Lorraine reminds Ben of his daughter 0 Ben s daughter was disabled and a prostitute to a white sharecropper owner 0 Ben is a fatherly figure for Lorraine Kiswana plans the Block Party Lorraine says she is not different for being Lesbian Theresa says Lesbians are different 0 She has to hide being lesbian because people don t understand Ciel comes back to Brewster Place 0 She had gone to NYC I She works for an insurance company I She has a new man Lorraine goes to the club without Theresa 0 CC and his gang rapes her 0 CC holds her at knife point Ben who is drunk and nds Lorraine o Lorraine thinks he is a threat so she beats him and ends up killing him 0 It starts raining on the block party 0 Mattie starts knocking down the Wall 0 Cora Lee Etta Mae Kiswana Abshu join in 0 Everyone starts to join in knocking down the Wall I This is a symbol of a sense of hope for Brewster Place Fem Studies 40 Week 4 MoN1M1YK 42114 Patsy T Mink Title IX amp Women s Sports 9Patsy T Mink 1927 2002 90ne of the co sponsors of Title IX 0 Title IX of the Education Amendment of 1972 o Affected sex equity in education o Equated with sports 0 Patsy Mink Documentary Patsy T lVIink Ahead of the Maioritv 0 Patsy Mink died in 2002 Title IX Amendment renamed in 2002 Patsy T Mink Equal Opportunity in Education Act Documentary of 1999 of Women s World Cup Soccer 0 Documentary Dare to Dream 0 Global significance USA women won the world cup 0 Tied into what Patsy Mink was able to achieve as a Congresswoman in sponsoring title IX 0 Speaks to the collective activism of what allowed those athletic achievements to succeed Title IX 0 Pg 69 Course Reader 0 No person in the United States shall on the basis of sex be excluded from participation in be denied the benefits of or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal fmancial assistance o Includes even private Universities because at some point they do get federal aid 0 Before when the female got pregnant she was kicked out of school while the father was allowed to stay in school o Title IX allowed pregnant women to remain in school 0 One of the arguments against title IX if you expand proportionality for women s sports it will take away from the men s funding for sports Patsy T Mink 0 First woman of color elected to US Congress 1964 0 Mink and family were interned after the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor December 7 1941 o President Franklin Roosevelt signed into law the Executive Order which sent Japanese from their homes to Relocation Centers Concentration Camps and all of their property was taken away I These people weren t allowed to nish their education I Created a sense of shame among the Japanese By fall 1942 120000 citizens had been relocated By 1988 there was a push for 2nd generation of Japanese to get reparations and an apology from the president Ronald Regan 1898 Hawaii became a state Mink lived in Hawaii Mink s Education Mink and her family were taken away to a relocation camp Mink s applications to medical school were rejected because she was female Attended University of Chicago Law School admitted on foreign quota She married John Mink and they had a daughter who was a feminist activist Mink in Congress After election to US Congress in 1964 spoke out against the Vietnam War Ran for president of US from Oregon in 1972 in protest against Vietnam War 0 A political move on her part to protest the war After attacks of September 1 2001 Mink voted against the Patriot Act felt it was a violation of American Civil Liberties Strong advocate of rights of poor people education health care esp for females Mink s background and activism form the basis for feminist activism leading to the passage of title IX Sports as Stealth Feminism Article 8 in Course Reader Sport as Stealth Feminism of the Third Wave o 1996 Olympics the first time women were allowed to play in Soccer 1996 Olympics in Atlanta 0 Gold form women in basketball 0 Nike ad if you let me play 0 Mass media emphasis on sport as mechanism for individual goals rather than collective historical activism Reactions and backlash to media blitz about women s sport successes o Pg 88 and pg93 Pg 95 the newly iconic image of the female athlete is one of the few sites of resistance against the trend of antifeminists o Emphasis can be confusing for young females 0 Looking at mass media the emphasis is on individual achievement P 102 Reciprocal relationship of feminism amp women s sports One of the pivotal events that brought global attention 1999 Women s World Cup Soccer victory There are plusses and drawbacks Video Dare to Dream 1999 Women s World Cup The players worked overtime Mainstream sports today gets so far from their audience The women wanted to make sure that they were on as many soccer elds as possible and sold tickets 0 They went to the grassroots level to encourage people to come to the game They were unsure about how many people would show up to the game They sold out all of their tickets They appeared in the front covers of many new papers nationwide More than 90000 fans packed the Rose bowl to watch the final game USA vs China 0 July 10 1999 o For the first time a group of female athletes captured the attention of the world 0 It was the biggest sports event in history USA wins The Women became free of a burden that they had to prove themselves 0 Acceptance of the fact that women athletes didn t just want to be on the sidelines anymore they wanted to be on the eld Note the Women had won the World Cup but no one paid attention In 1996 when the Women had won Olympic soccer no one knew about it WEDNESDAY 4232014 Patsy T Mink Film Ahead of the Majority Mink was born in Maui 1927 0 Her family was is Maui for 2 decades 0 Her middle name Matsu means palm tree Her father worked on a sugar plantation o He had a college degree he was on a staff of Caucasians Japan attacked Hawaii9WWII o Patsy learned that l00 s of Japanese from Hawaii were being sent to Japanese internment camps they were ostracized for being potential traitors She was tempered 0 She graduated Valedictorian of her class 0 1947 University of Nebraska studied premed 39 She was assigned to the dorm of international students I Her dorms were not open for anyone skins darker than white I She tried to prove them wrong the next year they changed the policy 0 She applied to medical schools all of them rejected her because she was woman 9not only rejected because of her race but also because of her gender 0 She became a typist but quit 2 weeks later 0 She one of 2 women and one of 2 nonwhites in her class at Law School Patsy met John Mink in Law School 0 Within 4 months they decided to get married 0 Patsy s family was somewhat against the marriage She tried to apply to Chicago Law Firms but no one hired her because she was Asian 0 She worked at the University of Chicago Library 1952 Gwendolyn was born9Patsy and John moved to Honolulu Jack Burns asked Patsy to cochair for Congress She launched her own campaign for Congress 0 She knocked on every door in the district her grassroots strategy worked 0 She worked for Equal Pay and better schooling For decades Hawaiian Islanders wanted Hawaii to become a state Hawaii was a territory 0 Southern Democrats were against it 0 Jack Burns wanted Hawaii to become a state March 1959 statehood bill passed Hawaii becomes a state Patsy won election to the state Senate 0 1964 she ran again 0 She had perseverance 0 She campaigned for more for education She was the first woman of color in the House of Representatives 0 She served on the education and labor committee By end of 1969 there were many troops in Vietnam 0 Congress supported the war o Mink felt the con ict was a civil war and that the US had no grounds for intervention 0 She spoke out on the house oor against the Vietnam war In 1972 she went to Paris 0 Irritated 0 June 1972 she filed a case to the National Committee accusing them of choosing the delegates in secrecy 0 She won a 5th Term to Congress 0 She won admiration in the anti war movement 0 She ran for the presidency 0 She got almost no support from Democrats 0 She won 2 of the vote in Oregon for President 0 1972 feminist movement started to gain momentum 0 Women earned 58 to every dollar men made o They only made up 3 of Congress 0 Mink and Edith Green co titled Title IX established equal opportunity in education sports 0 Before it 98 of funds went to men s sports after it it left less money for men s sports 0 Carl Albert scheduled a revote o This time the vote to keep sports a part of Title IX passed by 37 votes 0 1975 Mink ran for the US Senate o There were no women and no people of color in the Senate I She lost 0 Patsy got elected chair of the city council 0 She ran for governor of Hawaii and mayor of Honolulu and lost both times 0 For the 8th time she ran for the House 0 She won by a narrow margin o Mink ew to Washington to be sworn in 0 1994 Republicans won a majority of the house 0 Controversy against Welfare 0 Mink supported Welfare Summary 0 She dared to say the right things for poor people and women 0 She was a great voice of conscience 0 She didn t try to negotiate meaning she went against many of her colleagues 0 The Welfare reform lost 0 None of the bills she introduced passed 0 She spoke out against militarism 0 She voted against the Patriot Act 0 She ran for president 0 She was the first Congresswoman of color 0 1965 She became the first Asian American Congresswoman 0 The media was very curious about her 0 August 2002 she was diagnosed with the Chicken pox and pneumonia o In 36 hours she was in intensive care and died in 2002 o Women in the country had lost such a supporter Hawaii was more than a home for her it was who she was She didn t stay in her place she did what she wanted to do She imagined a country Where race gender would not be a limit 0 She believed in equity and justice Title IX9renamed Patsy T Mink Equality Opportunity in Education Act Fem Studies 40 Weekl Sections Week 1 Section 9Love and Basketball 1 Theme Double Standard 0 Quincy had an entire fan base Without trying as hard as Monica 0 It was clear that Monica was just as good as Quincy at basketball 0 The games that Quincy played at were packed with fans While the games Monica played at had much less people 2 Quincy s mom doesn t stay with her cheating husband 3 Monica s mom valued her more when she was dressed up but never went to her basketball games 0 Sports can help Women be stronger healthier and less likely to put up with abuse 4 Monica achieves a successful family life and also pursues her goal of being a basketball player 5 Theme Double standard 0 Because Monica was a Woman she had to drop her priorities and be there for her boyfriend Quincy 0 For Quincy his priorities came first before his girlfriend Monica Week Section 9Bastard Out of Carolina Themes 1 History repeats itself 0 Glen dad relationship leads to Bone Glen relationship 0 Mom Ruth relationship leads to Bone Mom relationship 2 Being more like a boy signifies both conformity and breaking free 3 Betrayal 0 Women betray Women ex Aunt Carr 0 Mothers betray their daughters Anney betrays Bone by staying with Glen 4 Women put up with men 0 Women and men justify men s behavior 5 Family 0 They re there for each other 0 But their family is dysfunctional they View it as a positive thing 6 Hopelessness 0 Things won t change perpetual poverty 0 Wasting of life smoking drinking not belonging anywhere constantly moving Anney is never going to change 7 Individuality 0 Aunt Raylene lives on her own o Trash rises 9hopefulness 0 Bone wants to be a Gospel Singer Week 3 Section 9The Women of Brewster Place Themes 1 Failure of the community 0 Even the community is in poverty they are not trying to overcome their situation 0 They are ok with the status quo o Kiswana is one only character in the novel that tries to better the situation of Brewster Place by having a tenant s meeting 2 Love through babies 0 Actions revolve around their babies 0 They take a lot of care of their children 0 Ciel takes care of her daughter even though the husband goes off and says he tries to nd work Ciel becomes depressed when her baby dies 0 Mattie wants the best for her son she gives up the house to get her son out of jail and then moves to Brewster Place 0 Women sacrifice themselves for their kids 3 Women relationships 0 Women stand up for each other 0 Mattie takes care of Ciel helps her out of her depression 0 Mattie and Miss Eva form a close bond 0 Women go against each other 0 Miss Sophie makes rumors about The Two Kiswana stands up for The two 0 Theresa brought Lorraine down for being a dyke lesbian 0 The men are never around so the women sustain each other they form close bonds 9Lorraine and Ben is the only positive malefemale relationship 4 Hopelessness 9Does the novel end with a note on dreams or hopelessness both 0 Kiswana activist rebellious type 5 Men are irresponsible 0 You can t count on them to stick by you 0 When Basil gets arrested he just leaves and doesn t care about Mattie 0 Eugene just leaves Ciel and doesn t care o Mattie s father beat her he didn t support her like her mom did 0 Ben is the only good man he comforted Lorraine fatherly figure Shows the strength of the women they can handle things by themselves Most of the relationships were familial and maternal relationships 6 Significance of Mattie s dream at the end of the novel Represent the hope that Mattie has for the future Dream is negative and positive 0 Negative dream wasn t a reality 0 Positive Kiswana is trying to change the community Ciel leaves Brewster place after her daughter dies Character Lorraine Lorraine Rape of Africa failure of the community she is wearing black green and red blood Lorraine killed Ben because she was betrayed by all men showing the distrust of men it seemed like she didn t even know who she killed Wee 1 Section 9Patsy T Mink Sports Stealth Feminism 1 Explain how sports can be a double edge sword Sports can boost your overall selfesteem Women speak up against domestic violence Nike Ads call for attention to females Good for heath Opportunity to learn competitive skills can use in the business world There is no limit women can do the same things as men Most women athletes come from bad families families of abuse Women are treated badly by their trainers Negatives o Sexualization of Female sports 0 Women use their sexy bodies to promote 9 How is feminism and sports connected In a way doing the same thing as a man women are just as strong 0 Leads to some empowerment of women Sports can t solve all the problems 0 Playing sports can t just create equal opportunities in education and other areas Dollar Demographic women spend more money on sports equipment than men were Patsy Mink 2 Based on the Video lecture and readings what are the major contributions of Patsy Mink What is the significance of her contributions 0 First Woman of color to enter Congress 0 Opened the door for Women in government 0 Coauthored Title IX 0 A champion of Human Rights 0 Spoke against the Vietnam War and Voted against the Patriot Act 0 Ahead of times she stuck to What was right to her Why is Patsy not Well known 0 She was a woman of color There wasn t much publicity for women of color Title IX 3 What are the major tenets of title IX What is the purpose and significance of Title IX 0 It created equal opportunity for women to participate in sports and education 0 Ex A pregnant Woman could still go to school 0 Purpose To create more equality between men and women s opportunities 0 To get more funding for women s sports and education 0 Signi cance Led to more recognition of women s sports 0 Led to more opportunities in universities for Women 0 More Women were able to get prestigious degrees such as law and doctor degrees Momlmw 42814 Eulogy for a Brown Angel 1992 9By Lucha Corpi 0 A poet and political activist 0 A Chicana feminist 0 In literature it is called Marginalized 0 Part of the Chicana movement 0 Highlights the burgeoning element of the Chicana movement 0 She belongs to two traditions 0 Mystery writers of color 0 Feminist mystery Writers 0 In the counter traditions of writers of color mystery Writers feminist and gay amp lesbian mystery Writers 0 Investigations of history and identity I Who are We as Chicanas How are they establishing and fighting as a separate identity I Chicana feminists were seen as breaking away from Chicanos to establish their own identity 0 Investigates the Global oppression of Chicanos I In Eulogy Michael David is killed by Paul who is part of the Global oppression 0 Use of Detective fiction by political activists marginalized Writers I Discuss political issues that are talked about in political movements I Attempt to reach a larger audience Lucha Corpi novels she has Written 0 Eulogy for a Brown Angel 1992 0 Cactus Blood 1995 0 Black Widow s Wardrobe 1 999 0 Crimson Moon 2004 0 Death at Solstice 2009 Chicana Movement 0 Fought for specific rights 0 Protested against the Vietnam War and the disproportionate amount of Chicano men that were being drafted 0 Protested immigration rights lack of availability of citizenship papers Marginalized Writers 0 Tum to the mystery form because they are going to where the audience is to the specific audiences they cater to 0 Scholars turn to escapist novels 0 Marginalized Writers are those Who Write outside of the mainstream Eulogy for a Brown Angel First Mystery Novel in a series featuring Gloria Damasco 0 Gay and lesbian mystery Writers 0 NativeAmerican Writers 0 Black authors In the beginning of the novel 0 The characters are performing a political act the Moratorium 0 Date August 201970 0 End of novel time and location change Grassroots level 0 How people in the grassroots level transform consciousness 0 They employ agency 0 Representations can be altered there can be a transformation 0 Reorganize element in the representation 0 In Eulogy Corpi connects social and political aspects Corpi and Counter Traditions 9The entrance of marginalized authors writing mystery novels 0 Chicano 0 Gay amp Lesbian 0 Native American Counter Tradition in Mystery Novels 0 Investigations of history and identity 0 Writers who deliberately Write with political intention Within and against the tents and structures of established mystery writing Feminist Counter Tradition 0 Sara Paretsky featuring protagonist V I Warshawski o Talked about underground abortions for rich people before Roe v Wade 0 Sue Grafton Santa Barbara based Writer with the alphabet mystery series featuring protagonist Kinsey Millhone Lesbian Feminist Mystery Author 0 Sandra Scopettone Feminist Counter Tradition 0 Within in the tradition of mystery writing there is resistance subversion and revision Corpi and the Feminist Novel Resistance 0 The female character identifies injustice and knows that what is characterized as justice is in fact injustice 0 She talks about how the gangs are treated by the police 0 Stoners considered to be much more violent than the gangs 0 The main character is open to subjectivity and intuition 0 Gloria has ights she is not supposed to tell her husband Dario o Characterizes the disagreement between Chicano nationalists and Chicana Activists I Chicano Intuition is not a part of the movement Reason and a sense of cultural survival Emphasis on the family family has to be a particular way there s roles for women I Gloria has a job and a college degree Corpi amp Subversion 0 Violation of linear process structure of Eulogy o The structure of novel I Broken down into part 1 interlude and part 2 I In part 1 the time period is 1970 Ch 1149First person Gloria I Interlude 19701988 Ch 15179Third Person gives you objective distance I Part 29 Subjective perspective 0 Use of moratorium as a framing device 0 When the novel is divided into time there is a time difference and a spatial difference I Separation of time and space allows Gloria to recognize the shaping power of the moratorium 0 Absence of authority as conventionally defined 0 Authority gure you think it s the Detective I The detective dies I The detective is very white pale I He is at odds with the way the LAPD is treating Chicanos of color I He is not the authority figure I He is not in accordance with what the Chicanas are fighting for 0 Use of multiple voices 0 Gloria is talking to many characters so you get many looks at the event the moratorium and the death Corpi and Revision 0 Corpi undertakes a revision to Chicano specifically male presentation of identity and history 0 Opens up a space for Chicanas and their contributions to the movement 0 Gives voice to Chicana attributes o They are not traitors to the race 0 Pg 35 The grandmother of Michael David little boy who has been killed o Otelia J uarez there is a clear description of her house 0 Shows how women Chicanas think of the culture of family differs from how Chicanos think of family o Rug on the oor emphasis of the everyday 0 Love and eroticism 0 Connection between Gloria and the Detective 0 On the day of the Moratorium someone killed Michael David Atzlan 0 Involved from a Chicano Youth Conference in Denver 1969 o Led to more protest against the oppressions that affected ChicanosChicanas I Protest against war in Vietnam drafting of Chicanos and the casualties Batita Martinez 0 For people who are struggling for more social justice it is a long struggle but there are traditions that get set there are visions that get put out there are dreams that get dreamed Just having those is a victory in and of itself Atzlan Video 0 Atzlan call for political power 0 Atzlan9Signified Southwestern USA 0 Chicanos marched to the capitol and held up the Mexican ag o Showed that they were home 0 Marches against the Vietnam War o Nixon promised to reduce American troops in Vietnam war instead he widened the war 0 Mexican Americans o They made up 12 of the population but accounted for 20 of the deaths in Vietnam disproportionate amount of casualties 0 Young people were against the war esp students 0 Strong military tradition in the Chicano community 0 There is a respect for the military 0 It was one of the paths the people took to gain an education selfrespect 0 Moratorium was formed to start political action against the war 0 August l970 Moratorium march against the War in Los Angeles o Apex of the Chicano movement o Moment in which all felt they had to speak against the war o 2500030000 people showed up protesting against the war o There were plans to create a Chicano political party 0 After 45 mile march the demonstrators gathered at Laguna Park 0 During the afternoon rally the police came o The people in the park would not get out of the Way o The police tried to break up the demonstration o There was a panic stampede o Destruction on both sides o The police called it a Chicano riot the people called it a police riot 0 Ruben Salazar was killed o A policeman shot a tear gas bullet to his head in the bar and Ruben was killed o 200 people were arrested 60 were injured 3 died o Plans to create a Chicano political party were postponed Eulogy for a Brown Angel 0 Ruben Salazar Corpi mentions his death several times vll nn ssnlw 4302 14 Eulogy History FaithFire 9Feminist Counter Tradition Mystery Writing Feminist Counter Tradition 0 Creates an essential subversiveness o Exposes the form o Tums the form inside out I They want to show that the form is a false ideal o Exposes form s conservatism o Challenges reader to re think assumptions Feminist Counter Tradition 0 Resistance identifies injustice open to intuition o Corpi shows us that Gloria is able to work through intuition to discover the injustice 0 Subversion non linear absence of authority o In Eulogy the Detective is not the authority figure when in usual mysteries the detective is the authority figure 0 Revision reveals disorder Corpi Brown Angel amp Revision 0 Corpi undertakes a revision to Chicano specifically male presentations of identity amp history o Chicano nationalism in the sense of how political power should work the way people should dress behave the language they speak was different from Chicana nationalism political activism I The female was the caretaker of the home housewife I The loyalists felt they had to suppress the part of women that was female for the greater good of the Chicano political movement 0 If women were fighting it would possibly take away from the Chicano movement 0 Opens up a space for Chicanas and contributions to movement 0 Gives voice to Chicana attributes 0 Against the idea of the Chicano 0 Pg 35 Goes through Otila s house the idea of the rug 9The development of the female character within a maledominated society is important in the novel the discovery of the mystery is not the main purpose 0 Feminist crime novels reveal disorder 0 The ending of the novel is not a restoration of order 0 In traditional novels order is restored 0 At the end of the novel Gloria s best friend Louisa is killed 0 Displays disorder 0 This is intentional Eulogy for a Brown Angel amp History 0 National Chicano Moratorium 0 Over 700 people wounded 0 Over 400 arrested 0 3 people killed 0 Ruben Salazar Angel Gilberto Diaz Lynn Ward civil rights workers who were killed mentioned several times in the novel in this order Prior Political Activism 0 1964 San Jose State College strike 0 1st organized student effort in the nation to bring attention to the needs of Chicanos 0 Farm workers struggles of the l960 s l970 s and onward 0 Strikes and boycotts grapes lettuce Gallo Safeway and others 0 March 3 1968 Blow Out 0 Student strike at Abraham Lincoln High School located in east Los Angeles 0 Extended across Califomia with over 15000 students participating in a week and a half long strike 0 Led to the birth of Brown Power Viva La Raza and Chicana Power 0 The first mass protest under taken by Chicanas against racism in the United States Image Creation and Representation 0 Alternative representations Eulogy the excerpt from Chicano And the protest action 0 Representation involves image creation 0 This is a social process 0 The images are imbued with meanings and halos of association I le A black man with sagging pans won t be viewed as a college student the Florida young black man who killed was wearing a hoodie 0 It is not innocent and not without significance 0 Meanings in images are charged do not simply re ect or express play a formative role in how a person is treated socially and politically 0 Process of meaning creation is a politically charged act Grassroots Activism 0 Against the idea of waiting for leader 0 Everyday people working against the forces that oppress them 0 Idea of a charismatic 1eader who sees everyday people protesting and then claims they are leader 9 goes against the idea that people have a sense of consciousness agency 0 Involves awareness of social conditions 0 Agency understanding that one has the capacity for action Victim Motif 0 Although people can be victimized political action is against the idea of oppressed people as victims 0 Victim waiting for the idealistic other to come save you dissipates the force of what the victims are trying to do 0 Victimization the idea those who are victims stand up for themselves 0 Oppressed people as victims is a common representation in documentaries and television news programs 0 Altemative representations helps you rethink the form of the presentation and the way that you exist within a particular society leads to empowerment Empowerment 0 Empowerment is not experienced as upward mobility or personal advancement 0 Empowerment is a process 0 Aimed at consolidating maintaining or changing the in uence of power in a particular context 0 Hegemony it s not top down it s bottom up not force it s coercion o It requires a constant working against oppressive forces 0 lt s greatest effort is coercion Faith Even to the Fire Nuns for Social Justice 1992 0 Producers Sylvia Morales amp Jean Victor narrator is Sylvia Morales 0 Nominated for an Academy Award 0 Documentary three nuns and a feminist theologian who disagree with the Catholic Church and its paternalistic authority 0 Subversive documentary that revises traditional documentaries 0 Sister Judy Vaughn radical feminist and pro choice nun being a feminist means having a political commitment to challenging relationships and structures of domination wherever they are found 0 Radical feminist is an identity that she wants to have Excerpt A Crushing Love 2008 dir Sylvia Morales 0 Mothers in the Chicano Chicana movement 0 Martha Cotera author of History amp Heritage of Chicanas 1976 o How women Chicanas became activists 0 Daughter Maria Cotera o Talks about her mother s wor articulated a feminist position within the Chicano movement that transformed the gendered politics of the Chicano movement 0 Cherrie Morago writer playwright o Originated the concept of Queer Aztlan o P 134 Reader FILM Showing Faith Even to the Fire Nuns for Social Justice 1992 0 Sister Judy Vaughn 0 Wants to get rid of the hierarchy of the church the hierarchy is based on gender class race etc o Leads the Feminist Movement in the Catholic Church I Signed the Catholic document on abortion she is pro choice I Was asked to retract her signature along with 23 other nuns 0 She worked at the House of Ruth I A center for homeless women and their children I There was a mandate from Catholic Social Services that would cut funding for the House of Ruth if she didn t retract her signature I They received more funding from supporters than they received from CSS 0 Issue Right to dissent I Primacy of the individual conscience I She saw that her cause was at stake being threatened she stood up for her beliefs Would not let the Church control who was in her religious community Women want to be ordained not to shift the power structure but to have shared power so that each can partake in serving people I Arguments against ordination of women mostly have to do with the TRADITION of the church o Sinful part of the tradition those who claim to be Catholics who are racist sexist etc I This needs to be changed Sister Marie Augusta 0 One is doing God s will when one is doing the will of the people I Being obedient to one person is dangerous Sister Marie Taylor I could no longer work in the church when there was the paternalistic system 0 Was willing to enter the convent as a nun despite the fact that she would face racism in the Church and despite the fact that she would not be able to teach everywhere During the Civil Rights movement she was studying to be a sister she had limited access to what was happening in the outside world She was sent to Holy Names High School the students challenged her it changed her thoughts about what her roles as a sister would be I She stood up for her herself and her people as Black woman I It gave her new vision direction about how she wanted to live her life There are tensions in the Catholic church 0 Tensions about Obedience authority and descent 0 There are 960 million Catholics Vatican II o Pope J ohn purpose Rededicate the church to social justice 0 Catholic sisters in the US were affected 0 Sisters were supposed to be in touch with the cries of the world so that they could respond I A key teaching of Vatican II 0 Another teaching we are all church 0 Many nuns left the church I The ones that stayed took on the new mission of the church Sister Rosa Martha Chicana nun O Became a nun as a way to serve the poor live a single life and commit to a life in striving for social political and economic justice At the time she thought it was the only way to serve the church people She began to challenge the structure She began to understand that the Chicana people were like her I They were fighting to have their culture to maintain their identity I She also wanted to maintain her identity I Fought for masses in Spanish I She needed the Chicana movement to help her survive as a nun in the United States 0 There was little concern about the issues she was fighting for The problem is not religious beliefs I The problem has to do with culture race etc 0 Goal to activate people of San Bernardino to be activists 0 With money they can change sinful structures Tensions in the Church are opportunities for change growth Pope John o Has a strong view that the church needs to be unified Sense of purpose identity mission The face of God is not completed until we see the universal image of God 0 Women were supposed to hide themselves in the male power structure 0 Battle for language is the power of reality I Who controls the agenda Sister Jamie Phelps 0 The idea that Blacks were victims and God is on their side 0 Goals to educate Blacks about Catholicism about the issues of homelessness unemployment racism Mission of church to be a liberator of those who are oppressed Jamie de Torres 0 Left the Church to work for issues in the secular world Fem Studies 40week 6 Monniw 552014 0 No notes because of midterm WEDNESDAY 57201 4 Civil Brand 2000 9Director Neema Barnette 9Fictional Examination of Prison System and Privatization of Prisons 0 Civil Brand looks at the politics economics and social aspects of prisons o Imprisonment of females of color Black and Chicana Fictional look at the prison system Uncut version She wanted to make a film that was socially conscious OOOO She uses hiphop stars that are socially conscious 39 She wanted to reach a particular audience because of the phenomenal growth of prison the prison industry and how many people are in prison I Has to do with the privatization of prison Neema Barnette 0 Neema is one of the most experienced television directors 0 She directed a lot of the Cosby show 0 Ex The episode when the guys get pregnant 0 The only black female who won an Emmy award the highest award for television 0 For an afterschool special 0 She is one of the most respected television directors 0 She has a particular style Economics of Prisons 0 Correctional officers union largest workforce in Califomia 0 Money spent on prisons is more than that spent on California colleges and universities combined 0 Even in the lower levels of education all of the money being taken away from sports music programs because tax payers money can t cover it that money is being used on prisons 0 Insurance is based on people being in prison 0 Another insurance is pet insurance 0 Once you have gone to prison it is more than likely that you ll go again 0 You are marked 0 The public intrudes on private people 0 There are Ways in which you can get stalked searched o The system makes sure you stay in the system because they make a profit 0 The film looks specifically at females in prison 0 Once they are in prison abuse is rampant and there is a lack of health care Prisons for Profit 0 Collect telephone calls9The only calls that people in prison 0 Calls are structured in 20 min talks o Creates enormous profits for the prisons 0 Ancillary businesses laundries food services construction and design 0 Creates a lot of profit The Film 0 Production factors 14 days of shooting 5 days for editing 0 Limited distribution 0 Currently seen on DVD and cable channels 0 The style was rougher Representational Reparations 0 Corrective Narrative o Colonization of the imagination I Dominant systems of representation can constrain dehumanize disempower I When people come up with ideas about the social order and it s presented in the media in certain Ways9Colonization of the imagination I Representations of people in prison your idea becomes a particular idea because you have seen in a certain Way many times 0 After the intemment of Japanese the 2nd generation were fighting against their parents sense of shame 0 They were fighting for reparations o The ones who were still alive got paid from the government o They got an apology from the president Cultural Opposition 0 Intervention resistance can provide an intervention 0 Decolonization of the mind 0 Appropriate revise and reenvision o Ties into the Radish article talks about being lefthanded and how the nuns made her use righthanded scissors I She adjusted to it but there was a cost to doing so I It makes you rethink the World that you live in about a World in which people are placed in differently I Now there are more accommodations for lefthanded people 0 Groups of society oppress other groups of society Colonized mind Women s Crime 0 Grounded in history of exploitation o Physical and sexual 0 Structural inequality o Many times the Women have been themselves before they have been trespassed upon 0 In a patriarchal society 0 Gender roles have been set 0 It goes against women s nature to disobey the established order of society 0 60 of Women in prison have been physically or sexually abused o 87 of foster children have been abused 0 Marginalized social opportunity Convicted Survivors 0 Generally more educated o If they use drugs they are prescription drugs 0 Usually White Women 0 Usually have longer sentences in prison 0 Intimate partner retaliation o Recourse to protect their children 0 Crosses all demographic lines 0 Failure of justice system 0 Harsher sentences 0 Differences from other female prisoners In the Tube 0 Female visitors to people in prison 0 Distinctly female space o Females visit males and females in jail 0 Collateral damage 0 You get tainted by the person who is in prison 0 You are treated like the people in prison by the prison guard and the people in your community 0 Secondary imprisonment Note 0 Once you have been in prison and you have committed a felony they you are always are a felon 0 Particular rights are taken away you can t vote etc 0 When females are convicted many times they will be involved with a male who is involved with drugs many of female crimes are victimless crimes I The male has more important information to give to the police I The male gets the shorter sentence the female gets the longer sentence o Most of women who have gone to prison are mothers or are taking care of children of men who have gone to prison Civil Brand lovie Note A group of AfricanAmerican women are brought to the prison Harsh realities they face in prison 0 They can t eat sleep or go to the bathroom without asking for permission o They must carry their prison id card with them the whole time 0 They can t engage in business or commerce They have different cliques in the prison A 17 year old pregnant woman comes into the prison Francis 0 Brought to prison for murdering her husband 0 She has a daughter They only get an hour on the phone they only get paid 150 a day for working in sweatshoplike conditions 0 Plantation system o They work sewing orange prison suits A fight between 2 women starts up Prison was big business Everyone was trying to make a buck legal or otherwise Someone stabbed Aisha One of the guards Michael pities Francis when she talks to her daughter 0 He disagrees with the way the women prisoners are treated o The guard needs money for college o Michael thought prison was all about rehabilitation o Everyone was making money off of the prisoners A woman starts giving birth but there is no medical help around They got longer hours for work o They would go to bed without dinner One of the guards blows up the kitchen and blames the inmates for it o The prison is shut down no more phone calls etc everyone is on lockdown They signed a petition demanding better living working conditions better heat and an end to the sexual abuse they face Aisha is in jail for robbery she helped a man Francis s family members comes to tell her that her daughter died They tape the Captain raping one of the inmates o Aisha gets the tape 0 They win the lawsuit Lil Mama gets raped by the Captain 0 She has a miscarriage Lil Mama dies One of the inmates shoots the Captain in the shoulder He admits to killing Lil Mama and the doctor The inmates shoot the Captain to death Radosh article The author went to a strict Irish school she was left handed her teachers let her write with her left hand but she had to use right hand scissors o She never reached her full potential with her left hand o Relates to the idea of left hand people living in a world of right handed people Many of the women who do the same crime as men get longer sentences because it s not expected for women to do crimes o Unnatural for women to violate gender roles of a patriarchal society Structural inequality Women are loyal to their partners the men snitch on them so that they get shorter sentences A lot of the women in jail are mothers 80 o Many women got into jail because they helped men as drug dealers o A lot of women go to prison by protecting their children o Many of the women have been abused or are addicts Most women who go to jail are mothers or people who took care of children Civil Brand took 14 days for shooting and 5 days of editing If you do the crime you do the time 9doesn t talk about sexual abuse The general rules were set9if you violate these rules you go to jail o These rules especially applied to women Many women went to jail o The abusee is punished a lot convicted survivors o Many times the survivors gets more time than the abuser Prisons for profit o They have to pay for using the telephone They live in sweatshop like conditions fem Studies 40 39g7eelI 7 MONDAY 51 22014 Mean Spirit 1990 0 When you are first reading it it is different than reading any other kind of narrative detective story 0 The author takes you into a different world using the detective form 0 People who are not within the mainstream use a familiar form to contact particular readers 0 Hogan says that the book requires a cultural negotiation whether you can enter the world she has constructed I Just because you want to enter that world doesn t mean you have the right to enter that world I Many times access is denied I Hogan says that when you are looking at native American history culture you see that is a culture you don t understand not that it is wrong 0 The competency has to be earned 0 Cultural competency looks at the world of people who have different types of understanding and not playing a value on it 0 Ex Hip hop rap rock cultural competency other people s analysis may not be the right type of analysis 0 Hogan lets you outside of the culture of Native Americans 0 In 1922 Josh buys a car and grows tomatoes in the car he is good with planting 0 Mean Spirit takes place in Oklahoma 0 Opens in Oklahoma in 1922 Summer through Autumn of 1923 o Spans 15 years 9By Linda Hogan Chickasaw writer poet essayist novelist 0 Other books Solar Storms 1995 Power 1998 0 About a world that people don t understand Mean Sprit 0 She writes about Osage history Native Americans 0 Fictionalized account of murders in Indian Territory of Oklahoma in the 1920 s when oil was discovered o Grazing rights were taken away 0 White ranchers and settlers were killing the sanction when oil was discovered 0 The names of the murderers were the names of real murderers 0 John Hale responsible for the murders of many of the Native Americans o These people were released from prison after a short period of time Native American Writers 0 Offer worldview that challenges Western culture 0 Challenges mainstream society 0 Holistic ecological perspective 0 There is a way in which we know what we know and believe what we believe 0 It is different in Native American culture o Native Americans were brutalized by Americans they were killed their land was taken away from them they still are a people who have a different way of existing in the world 0 Values totality of existence o It makes humanity equal humans are not superior to all existence o Native Americans value snakes bats rocks fire trees I The way that it is presented in Mean Sprit9 she has you enter into that world In Mean Spirit 0 Humans are responsible for the world and those who are in it o There is a strong connection to 1 and landscape 0 The author disrupts and de stabilizes mainstream expectations 0 Draws on traditional understandings of interdependence of land animals and humans 0 The author draws attention to historic acts of destruction driven by corporate and government greed and indifference to the environment 0 Fire in Mean Spirit 0 Both regenerative and destructive I Caused by corporate greed I Homes burn oil wells explode o Possibility of hope renewal and survival I Sacred fire 0 Michael Horse a diviner has a 6th sense o Keeps the traditional fires burning because they are sacred 0 When he leaves he has someone watch over his fire 0 When no one can watch it he takes the sacred fire with him The Mean Spirit 0 Mean spirit is a worldview that values destruction rather than renewal 0 Malicious in contempt for others 0 Contemptuous of a Native American world view and what is sacred to them 0 What is sacred to particular people gets to be dishonored 0 Selfish and grasping 0 This mean spirit is destructive to people s lives 0 Impoverished by narrowness of vision and actions Indigenous Perspective 0 Given through interweaving the journal entries of Michael Horse 0 He keeps a journal of what is happening and he is also writing a new book of the Bible 0 Keeps a historical record the way in which justice is being undertaken o Preserves it for future people to read 0 Record a loss of culture a changing ecosystem murders and fires 0 Horse has a 6th sense 0 He feels that his 6th sense is going a wry 0 Horse says that it was a fatal ignorance about how far they were willing to go before the Native Americans were willing to destroy 0 For native Americans it was a simple question of whether something was right or wrong 0 American legal system there were manipulations in determining right from wrong 0 Horse goes to the Hill country in watching the fires he writes a new chapter of the bible Character Father Dunne 0 A Catholic priest 0 Mainstream reader 0 Tells Horse that he cannot tamper with the words of God 0 Bible is sacred particular ideology emanates from that 0 Different ideologies can t be made about what justice is Book of Horse Pg 273 Where does it say that all living things are equal Horse o Dunne The bible doesn t say that Man has dominion over the creatures of the earth 0 Horse that needs to be xed 0 Horse doesn t want to get rid of the bible just change the Bible 0 Many people would consider this heresy 0 Horse modifies the Bible 0 P 359 Take care of the earth and all her creatures o P3613 62 Honor father sky and mother earth All life is sacred Linkages in the Novel 0 The wounding of the earth and the calculated destruction of the Indian community 0 Linked to governmental actions 0 Government actions that affect the Native Americans 0 Dawes Act f 1888 I Land was taken away from tribal ownership allotted them of 160 acres that they could purchase it was the worse land and couldn t produce anything9barren land this was where the oil was9which got all of the Native Americans killed 0 Once the oil is found out by the Westemers they get killed so they covered it up I Native Americans were relocated I The best land was given to the homesteaders and ranchers o Competency Certificate I Another way for property land grazing rights to be taken away from the Native Americans I A legal guardian white was placed over their land and they could do whatever they wanted with the land and they could take the Native Americans belongings o Land Agents I In control of the property that they would lease back to the westerners 25 cents a year 0 Legal guardians I Grace is killed and her daughter Nola has the inheritance I Nola is given a legal guardian 0 Children sent away to school I Children under 16 had to be sent to American schools I Encompasses a whole different world view ideology 0 In Contrast a woman protests the killing of eagles o Eagles are sacred 0 317 eagles are killed it was repeated9acquaints to the killings of the Native Americans on their placement of the Native American Reservations o There are 317 Native American Reservations 0 The Earth resists the way it is being treated o The Earth swallowed those who were working and drilling the oil 0 The Earth bled oil I Michael Horse the earth reacting Rage of mother earth p 189 Linton Patricia the Detective Novel as Resistant Text 0 Rules of configuration familiar pattems that map out expectations 0 Ex Romance Novels 0 Shows that your world view is insufficient Expectations of Traditional Detective Story 0 Has particular worldview that elicits a certain interpretation 0 Murder 0 Clues 0 Solution 0 The detective is an insideroutsider 0 There is a murder in oil ridge Native American 0 Detective figure Native American supposed to give you inside knowledge of mystery 0 Stacy Red Hock serves as mentor to guide you through the mystery Mean Spirit Resists the reader s will to know 0 Insists on cultural negotiation 0 Working out of boundaries between insideroutsider 0 Some access offered 0 Some intimacy can be earned o Other kinds of intimacy denied Prohibition against Entitlement 0 Outsider reader not competent or entitled to know or comprehend intimate truths of another culture 0 Mainstream readers who pick up a minority teXt altemative text 0 You will not know it on intimate terms 0 Linda will not let you understand it intentional o Mainstream readers are not used to a stop sign when it comes to understanding WEDNESDAY 5142014 In Whose Honor American Indian Mascots in Sports 1997 Director Jay Rosenstein 0 Follows Native American graduate student Charlene Teters 0 Looks at Native American Mascots used in sports 0 Charlene takes her children to a basketball game 0 Mascot made out of eagle feathers Which were sacred 0 The children were raised to recognize sacred symbols the dress the feathers the costume 0 One of her children tried to become invisible another tried to fit in by laughing 0 After the game on her own Charlene protested she made a sign that said that Native Americans are people not mascots 0 Native Americans have been ignored trivialized in American society 0 Some people want to be buried in a coffin that look like a mascot Charlene Teters 0 Graduate student in Art at the University of Illinois UrbanaChampaign 0 Has 2 children 0 Views mascot Chief Illiniwek o 2007 they had to get rid of the Chief Illiniwek o The students themselves brought back Illiniwek9pregame In Novel Mean Spirit 0 Nola Blanket Native American inheritor to oil fortune 0 Married to white man Willard John Forrest 0 At the end of the novel Nola kills Will Mean Spirit About Will Forrest Mean Spirit P 195 Will collects Native American artifacts that had belonged to dead and buried Native Americans Pg 353 What Nola thinks of Will he was not of her world either but part of the shadowy white world that was losing its focus The author says that Mean Spirit was a politicized economic aspect Pg 355 on Will when it was dark Will came home His day had been successful He d turned a big pro t selling his artifacts to a collector from the East 0 Nola kills him Some of the major universities got rid of their native American mascots They would not compete against Universities with Native American mascots 1 in 5 Native American youth tried to commit suicide had to do with the images they were ooded with Documentary In Whose Honor University of Illinois Chief llliniek dances in the field o People are inspired by the dancing 0 People wear paint and feathers and had word chants o Making something sacred to the Native Americans into entertainment Charlene got tickets to a basketball game 0 She brought her 2 children 0 It was a blow to their self esteem when the chief danced sacred dance 0 The dance was mimicked and reduced to entertainment When the chief came out 0 Her daughter tried to become invisible her son tried to laugh Charlene s sadness tumed to anger Fighting Allini Charlene raised near a reservation o Grew up with traditional Native American values traditions She stood up against the mascot 0 American Indians are human beings not mascots I She stood up for her kids Because it is a Native American practice it is not respected o If it was a Jewish or Catholic tradition people would hear about it Late l960 s Native American protest o They claim Alcatraz o In the movement Dartmouth Syracuse Stanford do away with their Native American mascots Some students started to protest against Charlene 1990 the board voted to make Chief Illiniwek the official mascot of the University University of Washington 0 Red Skins 0 Charlene fights against the mascot Support from Native American coalitions began to grow 0 National Indian American Association protested against Indian nicknames and mascots 1 in 5 Native American youth attempted suicide Fem Studies 40week 8 Monnlw 51 9aorzll Desert of the Heart 1964 by Jane Rule 0 Published in Britain 0 It went out of print within a year later 0 People photocopied the book and passed it around 0 An affirmative lesbian novel o It is different o It has a happy ending Q There is no sad events o The author set out to block prior representations of Lesbian couples 0 Set in Reno Nevada in 1959 Desert Hearts 1985 film adaptation by Donna Deitch 0 The film was very successful 0 Deitch was the first female to adapt a black representation of a novel Jane Rule 0 Desert of the Heart o Her first published novel o She deliberated a Casino in Reno Nevada as the setting o Harold s Club she worked there 0 Has Written 12 books 0 Stopped writing in 1989 due to severe arthritis 0 Lived in Canada with partner for 46 years 0 Did graduate work at Stanford o She studied Shakespeare and 17th C literature Desert of the Heart 0 Set in Reno Nevada summer 1959 0 Characters in the novel o Evelyn Hall professor at UC Berkeley I Married to husband George he is a Vietnam war veteran I Unhappily married o Ann Childs change apron amp cartoonist I The names Evelyn and Ann are important A amp E Adam and Eve I Rule is dealing with the idea that same sex relationships between women is that the female is narcissistic and looking for a mother I Her father was a lawyer I She doesn t have money problems I Rule is working with the representation of females in a lesbian novel I Ann works as a manual laborer but she is financially sufficient 0 Frances Packer runs boarding house I Ann s father s lover for 10 years I She was divorced 0 Walter Frances son 0 Silver change apron former madam of a house I She ran prostitutes I She is going to marry Joe the first man she has had sex with 0 J oe s passion is to write pomographic novels I She has sex with Ann I She is pregnant and 6 ft tall I For me men were my profession I ve always had a woman until Joe 0 Affirmative lesbian love story affirms the lesbian couple 0 Re ection on the meaning of love and of being lesbian 0 Contains resistance and subversion o Refutation of postwar WWII effort toward ideal female 0 When the men were drafted and went to war females took over the jobs where they were paid more than men I When the men came back from the war women had to be displaced I Order had to be restored so that women had to go back to where they had been I Ideal female heterosexual monogamous reproduced and a housewife caretaker The Novel and Rule s Reconstruction 0 Deconstruction the normal to create a reconstruction o Reconstructing against received knowledge 0 Working against theory 0 Dante s Inferno o Dante medieval Italian Poet 0 According to Dante those who are violent against God include usurers moneylenders Rule equated this with casinos and heterosexuals Usurers produce nothing but only get interest Heterosexuals are purely hedonistic 0 Their sin is in the form of blasphemy for they have gone against the natural good of God 0 From the Bible St Paul s Epistle to the Romans 0 Romans 1 2627 0 Makes explicit love making between women 0 Challenges 2 Ways of thinking of Women in same sex relationships 1 Traditional Christianity 2 Psychoanalytic theory 0 Plato Greek Philosopher o 400 years before Paul Wrote Plato had criticized same sex lovemaking in the same language 0 Samesex relationships are Wrong because they have gone against God and came in search for sterile pleasure Desert of the Heart 0 The desert o Historically a place of the damned and the sterile o The desert and gambling Rule reconstructs the negative associations of homosexuals and usurers moneylenders 0 The desert of the heart is a place of being loveless o The sense of nothingness that Evelyn feels coming from a loveless marriage 0 Evelyn comes to understand the desert she see the desert differently I Rule banishes refutes the old Ways of thinking of Homosexuals 0 Rule is also Writing against literary texts o Radclyff Hall The Well of Loneliness 0 According to some critics this novel marginalizes lesbians and condemns them to a desolation of despair 0 Rule is also Writing against pulp fiction 0 These are formulaic cheap mass produced paperback novels that emphasize heterosexual recuperation They were produced on cheap paper pulp 3 factors that made romance novels popular I 1 Rotary presses I 2 Synthetic glue I 3 Point of sale the novels were placed in grocery stores bus stops easy to access 0 Mystery novels Westem novels lesbian romances Were the novels that took part in the paperback revolution 0 Heterosexual males were the first ones to buy lesbian romances usually bad things happened in these novels I Heterosexual recuperation o Psychoanalytic theory that same sex relationships are a form of narcissism self love I That Women in same sex relationships are looking for an ideal mother I Pg 10 When Evelyn and Ann first meet each other there is a line from Cummings Hello is what the mirror says 0 Rule when people think of females samesex relationships they are in love with themselves 0 Ann is mistaken for Evelyn s daughter I Pg23 when Ann kisses Evelyn what she was an alien otherness that she was drawn to and could not understand 0 Ann s mother left her and her father when she was young 0 Ann s father slit her wrist Rule is dealing with the idea that if you are lesbian you will kill yourself she shows that this is not true I Evelyn has a hard time conceiving 0 When she does get pregnant she loses the baby after 3 months I Ann and Evelyn support 5 children by sending themselves xmas gifts 0 The use of Mirrors in the text I Pg 28 Ann and Bill in Silver s bathroom and the ceiling of mirrors 0 When Ann amp Bill spend the night he is more aroused by looking at their re ection in the mirror than looking at Ann I P222 at the end of the novel Evelyn and Ann walk toward their re ections in the glass doors 0 Evelyn doesn t want Ann to go back 0 Evelyn lt s a terrible risk Ann the world is full of mirrors 0 No one gets killed 0 Rule kills the idea of how you think of lesbian couples conventionally Signi cance of Rule s books 0 Refuses to present lesbianism as a problem 0 Challenges historical presence of silence and malice Rule s approach in her writing 0 Reconstruction 0 Separates her texts from hegemonic dominance about lesbians The Film Desert Hearts 0 First film about lesbian romance with happy ending 0 Uses Hollywood conventions traditional filmmaking techniques of romance films 0 Train stations music etc 0 Was boxoffice success 0 Donna Deitch independent filmmaker Desert Hearts 0 The music is important music rights were most expensive past of production 0 Uses country and western love songs ironic commentary in film about samesex relationships 0 Visual pattern frame Within aframe technique 0 Confinement o Constraint 0 Limits placed on lesbians I Lesbians are framed Within Windows doorways 0 That homosexual love is constructed in dominant ideology Within the frame of heterosexual mythology WEDNESDAY 5212014 In Whose Honor Documentary Charlene Teters 0 Something sacred turned into entertainment the sacred eagle in University of Illinois 0 Protested by herself and wore Native American clothing She held a sign saying Native Americans are human beings not mascots 0 National Congress of American Indians tried to get rid of Native American mascots in universities Culture Appropriation vs Cultural Appreciation 0 Appropriation interpretation about What the culture is o Misunderstanding the culture reinterpreting the culture 0 Used for entertainment profit 0 Use cultural appreciation as an excuse explanation to be using their culture 0 Appreciation valuing the culture for What it is respecting the culture there is a deeper level of understanding about the origins politics religion 0 Being more immersed in the culture to be able to use the culture 0 You re not entitled to certain culture cultural competency Desert of the Heart 9 Jane Rule defying stereotypes 0 Use of the mirror 0 First Affirmative Novel about samesex couples happy ending no one dies 0 Goes against heterosexual Women representation in psychoanalytic theory and traditional Christianity 0 Psychoanalytic theory being lesbian is a form of narcissism looking for ideal mother 0 Christianity lesbian is against nature because it is for pleasure and no procreation I Idea that procreating is a woman s job I Idea of Woman as homemaker I The damned people were homosexuals and money lenders 0 Ann s father slit her wrists it wasn t Ann goes against the stereotype that gays want to commit suicide 0 Desert as barren infertile place of damned 0 Names A amp E Ann and EvelynAdam and Eve 0 Wall of Loneliness o A novel that marginalizes lesbians o Validates heterosexual couples I Heterosexual recuperation 0 Usually homosexual couples would end up in sad ending 0 She is against pulp fiction In the Movie 0 Uses traditional Hollywood movie techniques 0 Uses country music ironic because usually country songs only speak of same sex couples 0 Frame withina frame technique idea of confinement Week 1 Section Homeland and Mean Spirit promote the environment Mean Spirit is a detective novel based on real events 0 Americans are trying to exploit what little resources the Native Americans have Unique about Native American Writers ecological perspective everyone and everything in nature are equal as a Whole Cultural competency look at the World of people who have different understandings 0 Term of psychology Understanding other cultures Other culture is different not good but has to do with not understanding 0 Horse s comments on the bible he wanted to add to the bible Honor father sky and mother earth 0 O O 93 66 Where does it say that all living things are equal Symbol of fire 1 Destruction explosion house explodes 2 ReneWal Horse keeps the fire going In the novel the killer s names are the names of real killers When Americans found oil rigs in Oklahoma they killed Native Americans so they could take their land resources 0 Mean spirit a Worldview that values destruction rather than renewal O OOOO O Linton Article Malicious in contempt for others Contemptuous of a Native American World view and What is sacred to them What is sacred to particular people gets to be dishonored Selfish and grasping This mean spirit is destructive to people s lives Impoverished by narrowness of vision and actions 0 1 Rules of configuration familiar pattems that map out expectations 9Things don t happen how they are supposed to happen 0 Expectations of traditional detective story 9Has particular Worldview that elicits a certain interpretation 0 O 0 Murder Clues Solution 0 Cultural negotiation insideroutsider O 0 As an outsider We are not entitled to know everything about Native Americans Everything is sacred not meant to be on display Note There is no section in Week 8 Fem Studies 4D Week I O Monnlw 622014 0 Jane Rule talks about the history of presenting malicious images of social groups Movie Celluloid Closet 0 Shirley Maclaine 0 Movies did not talk about homosexuality 0 Characters with a questionable sexuality would meet with a nasty end they would end up dying o The public is always ahead of lmmakers in terms of what they re ready to see 0 Susie Bright 0 In the movie a lesbian girl cries about being gay she sees herself as dirty 0 There s a comfort with female sexuality 2 females being nude 0 lt s harder for people to accept 2 males together they are seen weak they are supposed to be strong and unfeeling o If 2 women were together it was seen as experiental 0 Barry Sandler o In the 60 s all movies that depicted gays were sad depressing violent gays were presented as suicidal 0 Arthur Laurents o The Fate of all gay characters have the fate of someone 0 They must pay they must suffer if you re gay you have to do real penance you have to die 0 Making Love 0 Deals openly with being gay 0 Deals with a married couple and the man 0 Broke new ground with how films deal with homosexuality 9Daniel Melnick director 0 Most people who run big business are conservative 0 Quentin Crisp o Writer of the film 0 People were so uncomfortable with then men kissing 0 There was a time when homosexuality was presented on the screen without violence l920 s 0 Love is all the same 0 Hollywood feels scared about a mention about homosexuality 0 These films show that homosexuals are human just like everyone else WEDNESDAY 642014 WEEK 1 OSE T Il N MLISIIE 0 Based on the actual murders 0 Totality of existence Horse s discontent with bible 0 Acts that affect Native Americans are exposed 0 Symbolismfire regenerative and destructive 0 Describes laws that affect Native Americans 0 Native American way of life is exposed 0 Exposes real events and the truth o Atrocities against native Americans o Exposes different life considered inferior 0 Rules of configuration famiiar patterns that map out expectations 0 Cultural competency idea that we need to get rid of stereotypes looking at different cultures and respecting it 0 Feminist mystery novel Civil Brand 0 Exposes atrocities of people who live in jail like Mean spirit 0 Stereotypes disbanded 0 Representational reparations 0 Atrocities 0 Resistance revolting leads to intervention resolution 0 Exploitation of women in jail 0 Things get back to order 0 Blunt portrayal no mystery 0 Rules of configuration followed Desert of the Heart 0 Happy story the lesbians are not suicidal o Implies that there is nothing wrong with being homosexual o Homosexuals can be happy 0 Set in the desert which represents hopelessness but the novel is happy 0 Money lenders are damned 0 A and E 0 Uses country and western love songs to show that all love is the same 0 Both women are educated contradicts psychoanalysis looking for a mother 0 Symboism mirrors and narcissism o Mirrors are used to see yourself but in the novel they are used to see each other
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