Popular in Course
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Department
This 6 page Reader was uploaded by Julie Baumann on Thursday August 6, 2015. The Reader belongs to a course at a university taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 247 views.
Reviews for PLSEXAM2SG.pdf
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 08/06/15
Dr Pybas Exam 2 Study Guide October 16 2014 PLS 101 exam date You are responsible for reading the chapters Pay close attention to words in bold letters which are generally de ned in the marginal space Ch 11 Congress 1 What are the constitutional requirement to be a member of the US House and Senate Why the difference in the age and citizenship requirements SENATE HOUSE 30 yrs old 25 yrs old citizen 9 yrs citizen 7 yrs precede from states precede from state 2 Why were US Senators initially selected by state legislatures Idea of the 2 chambers was that senators would be more wiser with more responsibility Framers did not trust the general populace of the country to vote for the right men to be senators believed they should be chosen by the state themselves bc they re too important for the general public 3 Why is there a US Senate So small states respect is considered big states don t have as much advantage 4 Explain the organization of the US House and Senate HOUSE SENATE 435 100 2 yr term 6 yr term speaker of house VP president pro tempore majority leader characterized by rules of regulation collegial terms represent limited groups of citizens represent voters of their state appointed based on population equal representation from each state 5 Identify the different types of congressional committees and explain the differences between each 0 Standing committee permanent that continue sessiontosession they have jurisdiction in a variety of subject areas Considers bills amp issues amp have oversight to monitor agencies programs amp activities wl theirjurisdiction Select Committee limited period handles issues outside of standing committee activity with official reports investigations amp studies 0 Conference Committee appointed to discuss matters amp resolve differences in a conference 0 Joint Committee includes members from both houses to monitor amp report activity of gov agencies 6 Why does the House have a rules committee but not the Senate What does the House Rules Committee do The house is bigger Rules committee sets the standard regulations for passing legislation oor debate 7 What are the differences between how debate in the House and Senate is handled HOUSE SENATE Under rules of regulation Committee chairs can bottle up legislation can place hold on bils Ran by speaker of house ran by majority leader Sends bills to rules committee before debate goes straight form appreciation oor 8 Explain the factors that contribute to the very high reelection rates of member of Congress The incumbency factor incumbents have characteristics such as visibility money for fundraising sp 9 How is the voting behavior of members of Congress explained representational they ll vote to please their constituents organizational they ll vote to please colleagues relational members vote on the basis of their beliefs public opinion is weakvague 10 What is the quotbuiltin con ict in Congress Members may be in icted on how to vote amp what s in the national interest may not be the overall interest 11 What are the state constitutional requirements for the Missouri House and Senate Their term limits HOUSE SENATE Min age 24 min age 30 Quali ed voter of state for 2 yrs Quali ed voter of state for 3 yrs From the district they rep for 1 yr from the district they rep for 1 yr Term limit 2 yrs term limit 4 yrs Elected each general election from odd district in presidential election From even district in the quotoff yrquot elections Presided over by the Speaker of House presided over by Lieutenant Gov amp President pro temp Ch 12 The Presidency 12 Alexander Hamilton argued that quotEnergy in the executive is a leading character in the de nition of good governmentquot Explain what he meant and explain the attributes of the presidency that give it energy Thinks it should be a presidentcentered government must be unitary speed amp dispatch duration amp reeligibility long enough term for quali ed people not long enough or it would be corruptious quotadequate for supportquot protect pay competent powers cant have good government unless well administered well run and wellknown Executive amp Magistrate must be committed and have certain attributes grievance of energy 13 List and explain the various constitutional powers the president possesses Give an example of each type of constitutional power Expressed powers powers of commander in chief of military power to grant Pardons for offenses against the US power to require the Opinon of principal officer in each exec department power w advise amp consent of senate to make treaties appoint ambassafors amp other public Ministers amp Consuls Judges of supreme court and other Officers of US power to ll up all vacancies during Recess of Senate by granting Commissions which will expire at the end of their next session 14 How does presidential leadership differ today from the dominant 19th century model of presidential leadership More responsibility bigger role 15 Explain what the two presidencies thesis is Checks on Power checks limiting power Congress Judicial Branch voters War can get involved with military wo congressional approval 16 Explain why the founders made the selection of the president subject to an Electoral College Explain why the Electoral College doesn t work the way the founders intended and explain the extent to which it may nevertheless accomplishes the purposes of the founders Not every individual has all the knowledge of the candidates or due to apathy 17 Con ict between president and Congress over warmaking authority President thinks the war powers act is unconstitutional because it limits presidential authorty Congress can declare war the president can send troops 18 Formal and informal requirement regarding becoming president Formal min age 35 informal male political background experience married US citizen 14 yrs Natural born American 19 Generalities about the Missouri governor and the plural executive Requirements current governor Jay Nixon plural executive min age 30 chief executive amp speaker of state lieutenant governor US citizen term 2 yrs attorney general Missouri resident secretary of state state treasurer state auditor Ch 13 The Bureaucracy 20 De nition and characteristics Complex system of organization amp control that incorporates the principles of hierarchical authority division of labor amp formalized rules Characteristics are hierarchy specialization amp formalized rules 21 Historical overview 22 The four types of bureaucratic agencies Cabinet Independent executive agency independent regulatory agency government corporations 23 What is the difference between clientele and regulatory agencies regulatory agency independent governmental commission established by legislative act to set standards in a speci c eld of operations in the private sector of the economy amp to then enforce those standards outside of executive supervision regulates federal land clientele agencies executive departments directed by law to carry out functions for a speci c group in US population speci c client ex Department of agriculture serve interest of us farmers 24 How are agencies held accountable Ch 14 The Judiciary 25 What was the Antifederalist critique of Article III of the US Constitution and what was Hamilton s response 26 What is a constitutional court and how does it differ from a legislative court 27 What is the difference between federalquestion jurisdiction and diversity jurisdiction 28 How does the US Supreme Court select cases to decide and what factors are important considerations in this process Judges have considerable discretion in deciding issues contained in real cases but they are limited by the rules ofjurisdiction amp justiciability as to which cases they can hear 29 Know the processes involved when the US Supreme Court accepts and decides a case justices meet in conference presided by chief justice to discover consensus all vote at same time vote can change law clerks review petitions from potential appellants amp write legal opinions explaining the outcome of cases explain decision by an Opinion nal decision is implemented 30 Identify and explain the different types of opinions that Supreme Court justices write Know too how writing assignments are made 31 Majority Opinion written by a justice who represents a majority of the court 32 Can serve as precedent for future 33 Concurring Opinion Written by 1 or more justices who agree with the decision but with a different reasoning than the majority opinion 34 Plurality Opinion written by the largest bloc of the justices representing less than a majority who agrees on the reasons supporting the Court s decision 35 Doesn t serve as precedent for future 36 Dissenting Opinion written by 1 or more justices who disagree with a decision 37 Occasionally becomes majority opinion and vise versa 38 Per Curiam Opinion unsigned opinion of Supreme Court that usually signals a high degree of consensus 39 Issued in Bush v Gore 40 What is judicial review Know the two different approaches Supreme Court has the power to review the acts of other political institutions amp declare them unconstitutional 41 How are state Supreme Court justices selected Appointed by president amp con rmed by senate w majority vote amp questionnaire from senate judiciary committee American Bar Association assigns ratings FBI examines history amp they must pass screening professional quali cations doctrine quali cations amp representational quali cations NOTES 1014 judicial Review judicial opinions Rationale determines outcome of future cases not bound to it can change mind 1 MO plan Merit Plan 2 political appointment 3 partisan election 4 nonpartisan election state trial court state level circuit courts criminal amp civic cases dollar amount affects which court gets which cases associate circuit court misdemeanors cases juvenile court probate court distribution of property makes sure will is honored for property after death municipal court legal issues
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'