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SOC 1003, Week 7

by: KBeard2

SOC 1003, Week 7 SOC 1003

Arkansas Tech University
GPA 3.9

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About this Document

Groups (continued), Bureaucracy, Deviance
Introductory Sociology
J Stobaugh
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by KBeard2 on Saturday February 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 1003 at Arkansas Tech University taught by J Stobaugh in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at Arkansas Tech University.

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Date Created: 02/27/16
SOC 1003: Intro to Sociology  Dr. James Stobaugh Week 7 (2/22 ­ 2/26) Notes Groups (continued)  Group Dynamics most intimate   Dyad – two, smallest possible group, most intimate and unstable least stable  Triad – three, coalitions (members teaming up against other members) least intimate   Groups of Four  – more relationships as group size increases  most stable o Diffusion of responsibility – assumption others will take action   Mandatory reporters o Peer Pressure (Asch’s Card Experiment)  Group think – narrowing of thought, collective tunnel vision  Conflicting opinions are seen as disloyal/threats  e.g. Pearl Harbor’s defense, Vietnam conflict, Iraq’s WMDs Voluntary Association  De Tocqueville termed the US a “nation of joiners”  Functions o Interest and enjoyment o Identity  o Governs o Promotes social order/change  Purpose – personal gain (e.g. enjoyment, conscience)   Olson’s “Free Rider” problem – tendency to take advantage without contributing)  o More common in larger groups  Iron Law of Oligarchy – tendency of small groups/subgroups to hold power/control  o Perpetuating, several generations of friends/family (Bush, Clinton, Kennedy)  Bureaucracy  Changing Times  Traditional Societies – self­produced, self­profit, “cottage industry”  Rationality – data, trends, efficiency  o Weber’s The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism  Bureaucracy  Clear levels of authority, chain of command  Labor division  Written rules  Records   Impersonal interaction  Benefits – efficiency, no personal agendas   Disadvantages – dysfunction, lack of communication, errors  Goal displacement – achieved goals lead to new goals (bureaucracies never die) o NATO, March of Dimes Deviance  Deviance – violation of significant norms (behavior, belief, condition)  Created and defined by audience, relative to time, place, and location  Degrees o Mild transgression of folkways  o Infringement of mores o Violation of laws Social Control – systematic practices to encourage conformity and discourage deviance   Internal – personal conscious, “right and wrong” (“Will I get caught?”) (e.g. knowing  parent will yell)  External – physical outside forces, police (parents yelling) Functionalist Perspective  Enforcement/punishment clarifies rules  Unites groups (insiders/outsiders)  Benefits – promote social change by drawing attention to rules/concepts (e.g. Rosa Parks)  Negatives – possibility of threat (excess deviance can cause a society to collapse)


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