SOC 1003, Week 7
SOC 1003, Week 7 SOC 1003
Arkansas Tech University
Popular in Introductory Sociology
Popular in Sociology
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by KBeard2 on Saturday February 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 1003 at Arkansas Tech University taught by J Stobaugh in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at Arkansas Tech University.
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Date Created: 02/27/16
SOC 1003: Intro to Sociology Dr. James Stobaugh Week 7 (2/22 2/26) Notes Groups (continued) Group Dynamics most intimate Dyad – two, smallest possible group, most intimate and unstable least stable Triad – three, coalitions (members teaming up against other members) least intimate Groups of Four – more relationships as group size increases most stable o Diffusion of responsibility – assumption others will take action Mandatory reporters o Peer Pressure (Asch’s Card Experiment) Group think – narrowing of thought, collective tunnel vision Conflicting opinions are seen as disloyal/threats e.g. Pearl Harbor’s defense, Vietnam conflict, Iraq’s WMDs Voluntary Association De Tocqueville termed the US a “nation of joiners” Functions o Interest and enjoyment o Identity o Governs o Promotes social order/change Purpose – personal gain (e.g. enjoyment, conscience) Olson’s “Free Rider” problem – tendency to take advantage without contributing) o More common in larger groups Iron Law of Oligarchy – tendency of small groups/subgroups to hold power/control o Perpetuating, several generations of friends/family (Bush, Clinton, Kennedy) Bureaucracy Changing Times Traditional Societies – selfproduced, selfprofit, “cottage industry” Rationality – data, trends, efficiency o Weber’s The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism Bureaucracy Clear levels of authority, chain of command Labor division Written rules Records Impersonal interaction Benefits – efficiency, no personal agendas Disadvantages – dysfunction, lack of communication, errors Goal displacement – achieved goals lead to new goals (bureaucracies never die) o NATO, March of Dimes Deviance Deviance – violation of significant norms (behavior, belief, condition) Created and defined by audience, relative to time, place, and location Degrees o Mild transgression of folkways o Infringement of mores o Violation of laws Social Control – systematic practices to encourage conformity and discourage deviance Internal – personal conscious, “right and wrong” (“Will I get caught?”) (e.g. knowing parent will yell) External – physical outside forces, police (parents yelling) Functionalist Perspective Enforcement/punishment clarifies rules Unites groups (insiders/outsiders) Benefits – promote social change by drawing attention to rules/concepts (e.g. Rosa Parks) Negatives – possibility of threat (excess deviance can cause a society to collapse)