HA & P Chapter 1 Lesson 1
HA & P Chapter 1 Lesson 1 Bio 2010
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kelsie Carter on Saturday February 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Bio 2010 at University of Colorado Colorado Springs taught by Sabine Allenspach in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Human Anatomy and Physiology in Biology at University of Colorado Colorado Springs.
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Date Created: 02/27/16
An Introduction to Studying the Human Body 1. Classification of Living Things A. structural and functional similarities B. form determines function 2. Homeostasis A. definition: the ability of a system or living organism to adjust its internal environment to maintain a stable equilibrium; such as the ability of warm-blooded animals to maintain a constant temperature. Anatomy and Physiology Directly Affect Your Life 1. Anatomy and Physiology A. anatomy is the oldest medical science: 1600 BC B. example: Kidney with Adrenal Gland Anatomy and Physiology 1. Anatomy A. describes the structures of the body B. where they are C. accessory organs 2. Physiology A. is the study of: how living organisms perform their functions and function of the structures Relationships between Anatomy and Physiology 1. Anatomy A. Gross Anatomy, or macroscopic anatomy, examines large, visible structures a. surface anatomy: exterior features of body b. regional anatomy: areas of your body c. systemic anatomy: organ systems d. clinical anatomy: specify fields e. developmental anatomy: from conception to death B. Microscopic anatomy examines cells and molecules a. Cytology: study of internal structure of individual cells I. –cyt: cell b. Histology: examination of tissues, study of tissues Relationships between Anatomy and Physiology 1. Physiology A. cell physiology: study of the function of cells (cornerstone of cell processes) human physiology B. organ physiology: study of the function of specific organs C. systemic physiology: all aspects of functioning of specific organ systems (cardiovascular physiology) D. pathological physiology: study of effects of disease on organ functions or system functions
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