Week 1 ANT 102
Popular in Human Origins
Popular in anthropology, evolution, sphr
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kelsey Gaudette on Thursday August 20, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANT 102 at Illinois State University taught by Fred Smith in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 95 views. For similar materials see Human Origins in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Illinois State University.
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Date Created: 08/20/15
Lecture 1 What is anthropology A B C Anthropology is the study of humans in the past and present What de nes us as a phenomenon How we function both behaviorally and biologically D How we got to be this way E All inclusive Sub elds A Cultural 1 Human behavior 2 Why all humans have things in common 3 Look at other cultures from their standpointquotstep into their shoesquot 4 Organization of familysocietyways to organize and explain world B Archaeology 1 Material remains of extinct cultures 2 Try to put together how they lived C Linguistic 1 Language as a phenomenon 2 Language as it re ects human thought 3 Origin of language 4 Origin of anatomy of language D Biological 1 Divided into sub areas i Primate behaviorhow much of behavior is instinct and how much is thinking ii Primate paleontologythe evolution of primates iii Paleoanthropologyhuman evolution iv BioarchaeologyPaleopathologymodern humans from extinct cultures problem solving based on human remains v Human variation modern living people diversity of humans does race exist Forensic anthropologyaid in police investigations identifying individuals vi Human origins A Cosmologythe study of the Universe in its totality and by extension humanity39s place in it 1 Ptolemy geocentric universe humans are at the top of creation uniquely EuropeanGreek view xed universe unmoving i Scala Naturae medieval Christian cosmology quotGreat Chain of Beingquot God angels humans animals in order of importance to humans plants hell 2 Nikolaus Copernicus 14731543 heliocentric view i Challenge to the church ii Copernicus Galileo Kepler challenged geocentric view through the 160039s 3 Chain of Being depended on i A single creation event 4004 BC ii No change in animal or plant form iii No new forms appearing and no created forms disappearing B 4 By the 18th century i Extinction dodo bird etc ii Humans not mentioned in genesis humans came in many colors iii Fossils animals that had no living counterparts iv Human alteration of plants and animal forms selective breeding better milk cows better sheep tulips roses v Multiple creations men before Adam 5 Polygenism multiple creations vs monogenism single creation i Accounted for occurrence of nonbiblical references ii Did not depend on bible for truth iii Attempted to explain biological observations scienti cally iv Change was not an accepted phenomenon didn39t challenge the Great Chain of Being 6 Carolus Linnaeus i Classi ed humansorder primates with anthropoids apes ii Put humans IN nature and nor ABOVE it 7 Challenging the ladder of life i Changes in conditions of life produced changes in the needs of animals ii Changes required new behaviors iii Change in function results in change of structure lV Change passed along to offspring v Erasmus Darwin Geoffrey SaintHilaire vi George Cuviercatastrophism vii Charles Lyell Principles of Geology Earth is thousands millions of years old Scala Naturae 1 Change was evident 2 Young Earth challenged 3 Missing piecehow change occurs Darwin 18091882 A B Upper middle class background Began studying medicine at 16 but hated it 1 Gravitated towards natural history biology 2 Entered Christ39s College and wanted to become minister with hobbies of botany zoology Instead of remaining a minister Henslow suggested Darwin go on a circumnavigation to gather data 1 Galapagos nchesvariations adapted for survival Alfred Russell Wallace 1 Presented a joint paper with Darwin On the Origin of Species 1 Plants and animals naturally change over time and given time they develop new species 2 Process to explain change