ENV S 3
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Date Created: 04/27/14
April 22 2014 THE EURASIAN ENVIRONMENT AND THE AGE OF DISCOVERY Today s Music Lorena McKinnett The Mask and the Mirror 1994 0 Early Middle Ages 0 Dark Ages I The time from when Rome fell to Renaissance l3l4AD o Medius Aevum I Middle Ages in latin 0 Medieval period I Middle ages is also called the Medieval period I parts of Europe and North Africa became predominantly Christian area surrounding Mediterranean Sea 0 Jesus of Nazareth I The son of God I Born lAD died in 33AD o Bethlehem I Part of Judea amp conquered by the Roman Empire I Jesus was born in Bethlehem 0 Christ I Crucified 33AD o The Papacy I The office of the Popes I Dates back to 64 AD 0 Catholicism o Orthodoxy o Constantinople I The second Rome 0 Byzantium I Another name for Constantinople I Eastern part of Rome the potential of the Western empire was greater because of the milder climate more arable land and access to the ocean o Lords Feudalism Serfs I Feudalism 0 Religion as social control I The Clergy s purpose was to spread religion I They also determined what the people were supposed to do they set down the rules 0 High Middles Ages Life conditions improved for the poor the Eastern part of the Roman Empire began to ourish because of their environmental advantages 0 Manorial system I Became more prevalent in the 900s to l0O0Ads in Northern Europe I The serfs were still under the old Feudal holding but they began to get Wagescompensation for their work April 24 2014 O Crusades I To liberate the Holy Land from the control of the Muslims Rise of Islam I The 3 great monotheistic religion I 15 Judaism 2nd Christianity I Absolute submission to god Muhammad I Islam based on the prophet Muhammad I 570AD 632 AD I Asks for absolute submission and constant worship I Allah their god Infidels The Holy Land Small is beautiful I Environmental idea St Francis of Assisi I Started the Catholic order of Francis s Friars I He is known to have a close relationship with the environmental preached the animals insularity PRECOLUMBIAN AMERICAN OVERVIEW Today s Music Music of the California Indians Monty Python Major IDs Kind of miniessay Why is the ID called what it is Who what when where why how Environmental significance All supporting terms will accompany all selected IDs Beringia between Siberia and Alaska 0 Pleistocene Age I Huge glaciers end 200008000 years ago Last Ice Age I 40000 10000 years Some of the ice could have been 1 mile thick Wisconsin glaciation I In North America Bering Strait I Once Beringia disappeared the Bering Strait appeared I It was a land bridge for a while and that is how people migrated Megafauna I Large animals o Mammoths mastadons horses 0 Overkill hypothesis I The advancing humans killed offed the mega fauna I The mega fauna were easy prey the humans did not allow the animals to reproduce 0 Natural dieoffs and extinction Extraterrestrials o PaleoIndians I 8000BC O o Clovis New Mexico 0 Clovis points I Just before 11000 BC I Hundreds of these sites were found in America reference Guns Germs amp Steel pg 45 o Anasazi I Were by the Colorado river and the east 0 Archaic period 70001000 BCE I The Anasazi and Clovis people were the beginning of this period I People quit migrating and settled down 0 Multiple migrations Chumash people of California 0 Complex coastal huntergatherers I The Chumash are categorized as this I Ranges from Malibu to San Luis Obisco area I High density of population 0 Chiefdom level 0 Carpinteria I The most populated area 0 Acorn harvesting I Mash the acorns add water and the acid of the acorn leaks out o Freshwater shortages I During dry seasons water shortages 0 Channel Island settlement I When the water was short they migrated to Channel Islands 0 Tomol I Waterproof plank canoe o Waterproof baskets I Carefully weaved then waterproofed with tar I this and the tomol shows that they had advanced technology 0 Trading I Nonmigrating society 0 Shell beads kelp salt I Shell beads were collected the drilled with holes I The size of the shell bead represented the value I Traded for kelp and salt with shell beads the Chumash were farther north from the English amp Spanish settlers and so they remained isolated and had peace for 300 years manipulated their environment they burned the forest which can help germinate the seeds Mesoamerica first advanced settlement in America 0 Nuclear America I Also known as Nuclear America I The very tip of North America extending down to South America I One of the oldest settlements in America 0 Olmecs I Fairly advanced society I Settled in central America I Culture based on trading built great cities and monuments I Advanced art and architecturethey also in uenced other groups I First big crop cultivated was corn 9OOBCE built with stone had a calendar fairly advanced in science I Shared religion 0 Human sacrifice I Origin of human sacrifice with the Olmecs the Maya amp Aztecs continued this practice I Take their captors as human sacrifice o Mayas I Called the Greeks of the New World very Eurocentric term I Inherited a rich culture from the Olmecs like Greeks received from the Romans 300BCE 900AD I Had most advanced calendar in the world I Had writing hieroglyphics mathematics astronomy controlled water palaces citystates o Teotihuacan I Biggest city in the Americas for about 200 years 0 Science math irrigation o Yucatan Peninsula I This area was deforested was a dense forest but presently is a plain o Deforestation I The Mayas had intense environmental effect I They had a freshwater problem then deforestation exacerbated this problem I Intense resource use in wood irrigation and stone 0 Metal fabrication I Mined gold and made bronze I They were in the bronze age 0 Aztecs I Received rich culture from the Olmecs as well I Had the same Maya advancements but were much more warlike I 9OOBCE they rose and conquered came down from the mountains I Human sacrifices I Mayas amp Aztecs had the highest population density in this time in Americas 0 Tenochtitlan I Drained the swamp and built a huge dike next to Lake Texoco I Huge environmental manipulation of that time to build this huge city Tenochtitlan 0 Water control 0 Polytheism Inca Empire didn t have water city level society had system of accounting 0 Andean cultures I Parallel to Andes River I Incas are descendants of this culture 0 Ecological barriers o Manco Capac I brought his people from South American in 1100 AD into the Cuzco Valley 0 Cuzco Valley 0 Peru I Present day Peru area is where Incas settled o Huayna Capac I Moved capital to Cuzco I Very powerful and organized o Quipus I Knotted strings represented accounting 0 Relay station runners roads I Runners carried quipus communicated with other villages I Built bridges and roads I Relay station for the runners to stop and sleep 0 Terraced agriculture I Terraced agriculture so warm winds from the pacific would reach the crops I Irrigated using wells and conduits throughout the terraced agriculture 0 Tomatoes potatoes squash beans 0 Irrigation I Lots of water control built wells 0 Animal domestication llama alpaca I A lot of animal domestication used for transport and wool o Inca population I 812 million people I Urbanized environmental manipulative state level