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Week 1 Notes

by: Emilie Vainer

Week 1 Notes PSYC 4220

Emilie Vainer
GPA 3.8
Developmental Psychology
Kacy Welsh

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About this Document

These are my first week of notes from Developmental Psychology! Enjoy!
Developmental Psychology
Kacy Welsh
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Emilie Vainer on Friday August 21, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 4220 at University of Georgia taught by Kacy Welsh in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 99 views. For similar materials see Developmental Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Georgia.


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Date Created: 08/21/15
Chapters 1amp2 Intro to Development ampTheoretical Perspectives amp Research What is Development Development systematic continuities and changes in an individual from conception until death Development occurs by two main processes 0 Maturation biological unfolding of the individual due to genes Ex changes at birth to secondary sex genes such as men growing beards and women growing breasts development of motor skills 0 Learning relatively permanent changes in our feelings thoughts and behaviors due to experience Ex good care giver experience good relationships in future 0 Learning and maturation work together to bring about development The Lifespan Developmental psychologists usually divide the lifespan into 9 general stages 0 1 Prenatal period conception to birth 2 Infancy birth to 18 months 3 Toddlerhood 18 months to 3 years 4 Preschool Period 3 to 5 or 6 years of age kindergarten 5 Middle Childhood 6 to 12 puberty bulk of childhood years 6 Adolescence 12 or puberty until 20 or so independence from parents Maybe need to add Emerging Adulthood usually college age still depending on parents some 0 De ned as 1829 or as time from HS graduation until stable career relationships 0 7 Young Adulthood 20 to 40 years old 0 8 Middle Adulthood 40 to 65 years old 0 9 Late Adulthood 65 and older Life Span continued Age norms unspoken societal rules based on age 0 Set quotsocial clocksquot which give us a sense of timing for life transitions How we view the life span is socially constructed depends on where and when you live Remember there are individual differences in development people age at different rates 0 More similarities at rate of development as infant and less similar as getting older 0000 O 0 Ages given are ALWAYS averages only large deviation from the average is a cause for concern Topical Approaches to Studying Development 4 Broad Topics Studied o 1 Physical Development Development involving the body s physical makeup Ex how does practice affect motor skill development 0 2 Cognitive Development Development involving growth and change in intellectual capabilities and thinking 0 3 Social Development Development involving individuals interactions with others and social relationships 0 4 Personality Development Development involving the enduring characteristics that differentiate people 0 Ex if a baby is shy will they be shy when they are older Goals of Development Research 3 Main Goals 1 Description 0 Describe what development looks like 0 Normative development typical patterns of development 0 Idiographic development differences between development of individuals 2 Explanation 0 Why do people develop the way they do 3 Optimization 0 Help people develop into the best people they can be History of Developmental Research Baby biographies detailed description of own child s behavior Darwin and Piaget did this 0 Problems biased toward own child sample is not big enough Subjective Only based on one child Hard to compare because focused on different aspects of development people focus on different things G Stanley Hall father of developmental psych 0 Wanted to know about development of thinking 0 Created questionnaires to gure out how kids think Ways Developmental Research Collect Data SurveysSelfreport simply ask participants about thoughts attitudes feelings or behavior o Questionnaires vs Interview Written Verbal O Structured set of questions and asked in order for every participant VS U nstructured interview directs the path of the questions not the same path for every participant 0 Pros Get large amount of info quickly and cheaply o Cons Cannot be used with infants those who cannot read Must rely on accuracy honesty of participants Naturalistic observation observe behaviors in every day life 0 Pros Can use with non verbal people such as babies Observes behaviors in natural context 0 Cons Infrequent or socially unacceptable behaviors hard to catch People may act differently when being observed Only useful for description cannot determine cause


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