Mood Disorders Psy 247
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by KatieAlbritton on Saturday August 22, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Psy 247 at University of North Carolina - Wilmington taught by Dr. Clemens in Fall 2013. Since its upload, it has received 40 views. For similar materials see Abnormal Psychology in Psychlogy at University of North Carolina - Wilmington.
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Date Created: 08/22/15
The Mood Disorders Katie Albritton Study Soup What are mood disorders Mood disorders are also known as Affective disorders Defining feature Abnormal mood Emotional extremes Intense persistent and maladaptive disturbances Other symptoms or comorbid disorders Depression Mania Emotional Emotional Sadness Elevated mood Irritability Irritability Motivational Motivational Low motivation High motivation Cognitive Cognitive Lower short term memory Racing thoughts Lower concentration Lower concentration Vegitative Vegitative Hypersomnia Hyposomnia Low energy Hypersexuality Hyposexuality Pathognomonic Means clearly indicative of Insomnia Initial trouble falling aasleep Caused by stress Middle waking frequently but can return to sleep Caused by stress Terminal Exhausted wake and cannot return to sleep Stress Major depressive disorder Prevalence of mood disorders Lifetime prevalence of unipolar depression is nearly 17 Dysthymic Disorder Mild to moderate version of depression Lasts a long time Intermittent normal moods occur brie y Lifetime prevalence of 256 Not severe enough to qualify for major depressive disorder Mild brief depression Can be normal and adaptive Sadness hopelessness and pessimism are common human experiences Major Depressive Disorder Specifiers Episode With Melancholic features Psychotic features Atypical features Catatonic features Types of major depressive Persistent major depressive disorder Does not remit for more than two years Seasonal affective disorder SAD usually in the Winter Less sunlight Has a pattern Causal factors in unipolar mood disorders Biological Psychological Biological causal factors Heredity Altered neurotransmitter activity Hormones As stressful life events occur the probability of becoming depressed rises Two types of stress Distress is bad Eustress is good motivating Geneenvironment interaction research Psychological causal factors Contributory causes Stressful life events Riskrelated vulnerability factors Neuroticism or negative affectivity Early adversity or parental loss Theorists Freud Anger turned against the self Albert Ellis Behaviorists Lack of positive reinforcement Beck Cognitive Models Negative cognitive triad Depressiongt Early experiencegt Formation of dysfunctional beliefsgt Critical incidentgt Beliefs activatedgt Negative automatic thoughts Negative feedback loop Collaborative empiricism Schemas Theories Seligman39s Reformulated Helplessness Theory Learned helplessness Lauran Alloy39s Hopelessness Theory Internal schema Excessive rumination Overthinking Carl Popper Strong tests falsifiable Lewinson and Coyne39s Interpersonal effects Lack of social support or social skills Hostility and rejection from others Marital dissatisfaction Bipolar Disorder Bipolar I At least one manic episode and at least one major depressive episode Bipolar II Hypomania and major depressive That39s the end of these notes I hope that you were able to nd these useful Next we will look into Personality Disorders
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