Psyc 4220 Week 1 Notes
Psyc 4220 Week 1 Notes PSYC 4220
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Caitlin Conner on Sunday August 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 4220 at University of Georgia taught by Kacy Welsh in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 107 views. For similar materials see Developmental Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Georgia.
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Date Created: 08/23/15
PSYC 4220 NOTES WEEK 1 August 19 2015 Chapters 1 amp 2 Introduction to Developmental and Theoretical Perspectives amp Research What is Development Development Systematic continuities changes in an individual from conception to birth Development occurs by 2 main processes Maturation Biological unfolding of the individual due to genes Learning Relatively permanent changes in our feelings thoughts and behaviors due to experience Learning amp maturation work together to bring about development The Lifespan Developmental psychologists usually divide the lifespan into 9 general stages Prenatal Period ConceptionljBirth Infancy Birth to 18 months Toddlerhood 18 months to3 years Preschool Period Age 3 to Age 56 Kindergarten Middle Childhood Age 6 to Age 12 Puberty Adolescence Age 12 Puberty to Age 20 or so P P FP NI Independence from parent Emerging adulthood Some developmental psychologists study EA as own phase August 21 2015 De ned as age 1829 OR De ned as time from High School graduation until stable careerrelationships 7 Young Adulthood Age 20 to Age 40 8 Middle Adulthood Age 40 toAge 65 9 Late Adulthood Age 65 and Over Age norm Unspoken societal rules based on age Set quotsocial clockquot Gives us sense of timing for life transitions How we view lifespan is socially constructed Depends on when and where you live There are individual differences in development Ages given are ALWAYS averages Only LARGE deviations from the average is a cause for concern Topical Approaches to Studying Development Physical Development development involving the body s physical makeup Cognitive Development development involving individual s interactions with others and social relationships Social Development development involving the enduring characteristics that differentiate people Goals of Developmental Research 1 Description Normative Development typical patterns of development Idiographic Development differences between development of individuals What factors cause someone to fall behind 2 Explanation Why 3 Optimization Help people develop to their full potential History of Developmental Research Baby Biographies detailed descriptions of own child s behavior Used by Darwin and Piaget Cons Biased Small sample Subjective Hard to compare because focused on different aspects of development G Stanley Hafather of developmental psychology Development of thinking Created questionnaires to gure out how kids think Ways Developmental Researchers Collect Data SurveysSelf Report Simply ask participants about thoughts attitudes feelings or behaviors Questionnaires Written vs Interviews Verbal Structured vs Unstructured StructuredEasier UnstructuredMore detailed Pros Get large amount of information quickly and cheaply Cons Cannot be used with infants or those who cannot read Must rely on accuracyhonesty of participants Naturalistic Observation Observe behaviors in everyday life Pros Can be used with nonverbal people Observes behavior in natural context Cons Infrequentsocially unacceptable behaviors are hard to catch People may act differently when being observed Only useful for description Cannot determine cause
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