Chapter 1 Notes
Chapter 1 Notes Anth 101-01
U of I
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Akshaya Thananjeyan on Monday August 24, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Anth 101-01 at University of Illinois taught by Alison Carter in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 39 views. For similar materials see Intro to Anthropology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of Illinois.
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Date Created: 08/24/15
Anthronoloav 101 2015 EXAMS 923 1021 129 Chapter 1 Anthropology splits into four categories Cultural Anthropology Linguistic Anthropology Biological Anthropology and Archaeology 1 Scienti c and Nonscientific Explanations A Both state theorizing is a form of storytelling B Myths in anthropology are stories that recount aspects of how the world came to be 1 Power comes from it s ability to make life meaningful C Myths ordinarily would be thought to be false stories D Many myths were not experienced personally such as the birth of life 1 Science is looked upon to answer these questions a Set up rules through observation and experimentation b First set by Newton doubted God created universe saw universe as orderly and constrained by laws seen through testable human reason E Science is open ended to self correction rejectionacceptanceetc It is empirical based on experience and observation 11 Some Key Scientific Concepts A Assumptions basic unquestioned understandings about the way the world works ex no one questions whether the sun will rise 1 Scientists careful when assuming because it could mislead results B Evidence what we can see when we examine a particular part of the world with great care ex looking at cells through a microscope 1 Material Evidence consist of objects and the information recorded about them ex bones stones photographs a Facts can be inspected by anyone who wants to examine them b Facts cannot speak for themselves ex how bones and stones got where they were 2 Inferred Evidence the interpretation of material evidence a begins with the description of material evidence and creates explanatory frameworks that link obj ects each scientist can have hisher own explanation C Hypothesis statements that assert connections between fact and interpretation 1 Even if it correct a statement is not a hypothesis if it cannot be tested D Testability the scientific requirement that a hypothesis must be matched against evidence to see whether it is con rmed or refuted E Theories organized series of hypotheses which explain a set of evidence 1 Valued because their central hypotheses are open to testing not because they explain the evidence F Obj ectivity the separation of observation and reporting from the researches wishes 1 free of individual bias even When data undermines one s own hypothesis 2 Science studies Research that explores the interconnections amount sociocultural political economic and historic conditions that make scienti c research both possible and successful a rethinks traditional assumptions of science b ex of science study laboratory ethnography key to anthropology rst carried out by Bruno Latour 1 revealed the importance of non scienti c institutions in scienti c projects ex people Who teach cultivating good relationships and proper working conditions For Review 1 Science is the explanation of certain observable events based on material and inferred evidence 2 A myth does not have to have evidence to support it and does not have to have a means to be tested It also integrates personal experiences With a Wide range of assumptions 3 False assumptions can mislead experiments and cause false results Since all assumptions cannot be proven scientists need to be careful When implementing them in their hypotheses 4 Material evidence consists of objects that can be seen and recorded upon While inferred evidence is up to the interpretation of the scientist Material evidence can be inspected by anyone While inferred evidence various from person to person 5 Hypotheses have to be testable because scienti c experiments and theories have to have the ability to be repeated to gain physical evidence that supports a statement 6 Scienti c theories are proven hypotheses that explain a statement using a Wide range of evidence They are used to build upon future testing and results Objectivity is the lack of personal bias or interpretation in the results of an experiment 8 Scienti c communities must have both scienti c and nonscienti c people These different people connect data to political economic sociocultural and historic conditions Therefore science can be used to explain a broad range of topics