GDHistory-WeekOneNotes.pdf ART 216
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Toni Ritchie on Monday August 24, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ART 216 at Illinois State University taught by Archana Shekara in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 34 views. For similar materials see Graphic Design History in Art at Illinois State University.
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Date Created: 08/24/15
Thursday August 20 2015 History of Writing Graphic Design History Cave Men 200 thousand years ago used markings and drawings as communication layers of calcite over the painted walls caused the paint to not fade Egypt Book of the Dead iconic writing much like logos text was not as important as the paintings next to the text one book took up to six months to finish Mesopotamia 3100 BC Pictograms called cuneiform meaning wedged writing Used reeds to draw in wet clay slabs and than cooked the clay to preserve the pictograms North America Petroglyphs found in New Mexico and California areas engravings done on rocks or stones Oldest form of writing found in the United States of America China Japan Korea Entire word instead of individual letters Writing was considered the highest form of art Stroke order thickness of lines and the white space inside the characters were considered extremely important Bamboo paper and pen were originally used After silk was created they used cloth 15 AD the Chinese created the first type of paper Han Dynasty 3rd Century AD Chops rubber stems made from Ivory Gold or Silver and were only used for the elite families Thursday August 20 2015 Relief printing 550 557 AD chisel away unwanted items Add ink and rub onto paper Diamond Sutra 868 AD Oldest manuscript 16 feet by 1 foot It is currently held in the British Library The manuscript has the image of the Buddha and his many disciples in a harmonious way 1000 AD First printed money given to the commoners printed throughout the world but devalued everywhere except the far East Asia Uncials meaning an lnch VIDEO Ireland adapted these from England ehow com video 4944249 hist used in the Book of Kells and the Book of Durrow oryuncials Book 01 DUFFOW calligraghmtml Earliest book designed by Irish scribes Describes the life of Jesus Christ Printed on Parchment made from sheep cow or goat skin Vellum made from calfskin Papyrus Carolingian Manuscript During Charlemagne s rule Created a standard use of letters Created with more lines and less ligature Ligature when two letters are written so they look like one image Douce Apocolypse Textured writing adopted by the Germans Gothic style Thursday August 20 2015 Column text with vertical type helped with saving space 1270 AD Europe starts using and making paper 200 years after China first invented writing paper TEXTBOOK NOTES From the early Paleolithic to the Neolithic period 35000 BC 4000 BC Lascaux caves in Southern France Early pictures were made for survival and for utilitarian and ritualistic purposes Petroglyphs are cared or scratched signs on rock These images became symbols for what would be the first spoken language Cuneiform wedged shaped writing created in 3000 BC With the discovery of cuneiform there was a knowledge explosion where libraries were organized filling with tablets about religion mathematicsand history Writing enabled society to stabilize itself and laws were created Two byproducts of the rise of village culture were the ownership of property and the specialization of trades Egyptians used hieroglyphs The Rosetta Stone which was created in 196 or 197 BC contains writing in Egyptian Hieroglyphics Egyptian Demotic Script and Greek The major deciphering of the srone was done by JeanFrancois Champollion As hieroglyphics presented more opportunities than cuneiform the language was used for commercial documents poetry and myths Papyrus paper was a major step forward in Egyptian visual communication The Egyptians were the first people to produce illustrated manuscripts in which words and pictures were combined to communicate information Eventually papyrus was used for funerary purposes The majestic Egyptian culture survived for over 3000 years Hieroglyphics papyri and illustrated manuscripts are its visual communications legacy
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