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Week 1 (Syllabus and Chapter 1)

by: Ashley Ellenz

Week 1 (Syllabus and Chapter 1) SOCIO 361

Marketplace > Kansas State University > Sociology > SOCIO 361 > Week 1 Syllabus and Chapter 1
Ashley Ellenz
GPA 3.5
Criminal Justice System
Edward L W Green

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About this Document

These are the notes from class one. These notes include all words from slides, direct quotes from professor, and examples given and written on the board.
Criminal Justice System
Edward L W Green
Class Notes
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ashley Ellenz on Monday August 24, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOCIO 361 at Kansas State University taught by Edward L W Green in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 190 views. For similar materials see Criminal Justice System in Sociology at Kansas State University.


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Date Created: 08/24/15
Criminal Justice Class 1 Syllabus amp Chapter 1 08242015 Criminal Justice August 24 2015 Edward Green SyHabus Midterm Week 8 Mixed multiple choice and essay test Final Paper Due Week 14 Final Week 16 Of ce Edwards Hall 3 Across from Vet School Grading Response Paper 2 Pages worth 10 of grade Prefers APA or ASA citing 2 done by midterm 1 done by end of the semester Rubric in Canvas Something that you think is interesting in the news of in class synthesis of concepts we are covering based on the real world A news story is an example of what were learning in class Mid Term and Final worth 15 of the grade Term Paper worth 20 of the grade Discussions Quizzes Participation Attendance worth 20 No Attendance Policy but will pay attention to who s here and who s not Levels of Analysis Logical Fallacies and Order of Interpretations Al64 The quotRosetta Stone of Scienti c Knowedge Different Levels Measurements potential errors in reason and interpretations through 39who s perspective 0 Rosetta Stone The stone that helped us interpret different types of languages Egypt Greek and obscure o Took 20 years to decipher quotA fact is meaningless if you don t know how to derive that factquot Epistemology o How do you know what you know 0 How does bodies of knowledge organize the what when where questions 0 Epistemology A branch of philosophy that investigates the nature and limits of human knowledge 0 PHD Doctorate of Philosophy Levels of Analysis 0 Micro Level of Analysis Small You and l Includes short term facttoface interactions of a few individuals in a smallscale settings Microlevel reality typically involves up close and personal interactions within a limited setting Social scientists develop microlevel theory and concepts tailored to analyze this level of social reality Example A body of research in policing examines the why of police officer behavior Purpose A lot of theory lies in the macro level Level of Analysis Medium Sending a Survey to Students of KState Focuses on the relations processes and structures at a midlevel of social life and events operation over moderate duration Example Police research might be an analysis of why a veyear community policing reform effort failed in a particular department 0 Macro Level of Analysis Large Wage Gaps Theory focusing on the broaf based big picture level of analysis explaining largescale events processes patterns and structures that operate among large social units with direct and indirect contacts over long time periods and often covering large expanses of space Example Comparative police scholarship for example examines the casual factors involved in the differing compositions and character of police departments from different countries around the world 0 quotA fact in one in not necessarily a fact in the othersquot Causal Explanation o A type of theoretical explanation about why events occur and how things work expressed in terms of causes and effects or as one factor producing Causality Temporal Order o The common sense notion that the cause MUST come before an effect 0 Homicidal Investigator They set up a timeline because it matters what happened after another thing that happened 0 Potential Errors in Causal Explanation o Tautology A form of circular reasoning in which someone appears to say something new but is really talking in circles and making a statement that is true by de nition a quotCrime is caused by people who choose to break the lawquot 0 Teleology An error in explanation in which the causal relationship is empirically untestable because the causal factor does not come earlier in time than the result or because the causal factor is a vague general force that cannot be empirically measured a quotCrime is caused by the forces of evil overcoming the forces of goodquot a Not Science based on hope God told me to do it not measurable o Ecological Fallacy An error in explanation in which empirical data about associations found among largescale units of analysis are greatly overgeneralized and treated as evidence for statements about relationships among much smaller units a Crime is caused by inequality in society Jason is poor Jason is probably a criminal o Reductionism An error is explanation in which empirical data about associations found among smallscale units of analysis are greatly overgeneralized and treated as evidence for statements about relationships among much larger units a Jason who is a preacher s son commits rape Organized religion creates hypocrites prone to criminality n quotl was driving in Kansas City the other day in the rain I got cut off like 6 times No one in Kansas or Missouri knows how to drive in the rainquot a Personal Experiences in uences everything 0 Spuriousness An apparent causal relationship that is illusionary due to the effect of an unseen or initially hidden casual factor If the unseen factor has a causal impact on both an independent and dependent variable it produces the false impression that there is a relationship between them Drug users commit more than nondrug users the mind altering effect of drugs causes crime Ice Cream Sales and Homicides are related Why a It s hot outside more people out and about more people buying ice cream 0 Interpretation 0 First Order Interpretation The person you are looking to explain themselves person to person Interpretations from the point of view of the people 0 Second Order Interpretation Interpretation that involves the researcher s point of view eliciting an underlying coherence or sense of meaning in the data The researchers recreation of subjects reality experience meaning motivations and language using herhis own language concepts and interpretations Goal is to repackage in an understandable form quotI can give you the keys to the biology library unfortunately that wont make you a biologistsquot This statement is false a Is this statement true I Cant be proved wrong But isn t true 0 Third Order Interpretation Interpretation where the researcher links the second order interpretation to general theories and larger socialculturalhistorical contexts The Body of Knowledge 0 Bricolage Improvising by drawing on diverse materials that are lying about and using them in creative ways to accomplish a pragmatic task 0 Chapter 1 Criminal Justice Today 0 Learning Objective Describe the two most common models of how society determines which acts are criminal o The Consensus Model O O Assumes that a diverse group of people have similar morals and share an ideal of what is quotrightquot and quotwrongquot Crimes are acts that violate this shared value system and are deemed harmful to society Agreement among the majority of any particular group nd has similar morals The Con ict Model 0 O Assumes that society is so diverse that members do not share moral attitudes The most politically powerful members of society have the most in uence on criminal law and impose their value system on the community Often based on class income race and age Burglary NonThreatening Robbery Threatening Colorado Shooting Theater guy looks like the joker randomly shot Homes 0 O 0 Obviously Consensus But what was the motive Background Parents Child Life Poor Minority Abused WHY No he was a rich kid about to get his masters in chemical engineering It makes no sense


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