How the government works
How the government works POLS 1101 096
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Aashika Kushwaha on Wednesday August 26, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 1101 096 at University of Texas at Dallas taught by Dr. Iliyan Rumenov Iliev in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 35 views. For similar materials see American National Government and Politics in Political Science at University of Texas at Dallas.
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Date Created: 08/26/15
How does the government work Politics process by which it is decided who gets what when they get it and how they are going to get it n contrast to classic definition of economics Political choices are enforced by the government Government An organization that possesses legitimacy by means of coercion in society Solves problems that the market cannot solve ex Insurance to pay things such as a house that the market sells Involves people engaging in collective action Without the government people wouldn t be nice to each other People would steal what they wanted and everything would result in violence Government stabilizes rules Organization Institutional structure of gov that carries out functions Positions are effectively independent of individuals Rules of the past don t go away they are only modified if absolutely necessary Legitimacy citizens accept actionslpolicies of government they do not protest or form riots We are loyal to the government We don t go against the rules 0 Governements can survive withough legitimacy ex North Korea Syria ISIS Legitimacy is built by Divine decree divine power that is accepted Democratic selection voting Reputation If a politicianlgovernment official is doing bad things people can spread bad rumors about them causing them to get less votes or be impeached Coercive Power Coercion separates government organizations from nongovernment organizations This power granted to government and its entities it to accomplish it ends Consequences for going against coercive power taxes fines eminent domain drafts Coercive Power includes declaring war producing and using munitions 0 Government officials must translate public preferences into policies This requires knowinglunderstanding preferences 0 Government serves different publics or people with different preferences These preferences are discussed and then transformed into reasonable policies What does the government do 0 Makes rulesllaws Rational decisionmaking 0 Security protection of property by means of military and law enforcement Provides public goods ex Free health care roads clean water etc How does government affect life today Infrastructure School zones Speeding tickets Roads Taxes Food Inspection FDA What happens when the government fails 0 Life is miserable 0 Problems in the economy ex Oil spill in the river that caused shortage of water 0 Problems in the economy begin to harm everyone Therefore we must try to build systems to prevent thse problems from hap ening Social Contracts By agreeing Hobbes Social contract to get out of state of nature bad to the things Constitution Rousseau Contract to prevent bad things 0 Locke contract to endprevent dictatorship Problems of Social Organization Collective Action Problems group of problems that problems for a lot of people even if it solves a problem for you Ex You finish drinking a soda while you re driving You don t want to keep the trash in your car so you throw it out of the window You don t have a problem with the trash anymore but the pollution you caused will affect many other people 0 National Defense Texas is in the south therefore if the people in the north are being attacked people in TX will still feel safer The government is responsible for protecting us 0 Jury Duty We pay money to get in Even though you are just trying to be a good citizen m participating in the jury you lose money Public Health If we are immune we may not care for others such as donating money to treat cancer patients Government is responsible for keeping the people healthy ex We are required to get certain vaccines before we start school PROBLEM People are not likely to participate in helping the community and political affairs if we are busy We believe others will contribute in order to compensate for us not participating SOLUTIONS People are selfinterested lncentives tax reductions Social norms We drive on the right side of the road because it is a decision we made as a community to prevent accidents Coercion punishment lnstitution design enforces taxes