Critical Thinking Week 1 Chapter 1 Notes
Critical Thinking Week 1 Chapter 1 Notes PHI 1103
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Annette Moncada Peon on Wednesday August 26, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PHI 1103 at University of South Florida taught by Erika Oshiro in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 14 views.
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Date Created: 08/26/15
Critical Thinking PHI 1103 Professor Erika Oshiro Week 1 Chapter 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 What is critical thinking a Trying to form judgements on beliefs and ideas in a rational way b Critical thinking is systematic c Is it true or false I If you are not sure ask questions look it up on the internet and do a bit of research on the beliefs or ideas 11 Find reasons as to why the belief or idea is good What makes a reason good a Try thinking critically about it b Find the logic I Study the valid reasoning in the structure of an argument c Make sure the reason is true I If the reasons behind the beliefs or ideas are good and true then you were able to use critical thinking to form a good judgement in a rational way Why is it worth being a critical thinker a You can have the ability to persuade people and yourself that your reasons are good b You can be the leader of your own life By thinking critically you can stop going along with what other people say and start following your own path and be your own leader c By examining your life beliefs and ideas you can only come out with more knowledge on the subject d It can give your life meaning How can critical thinking help you a It can help with time management b It can improve testing skills c It can help form a better bases for a project d Help you think before you act What is an argument a It is made up of many statements that should have truth value I It is or is not the case It all depends on the truth value true or false b A group of statements can form together to form a side in an argument I A statement is not a question 11 The statements are ideas and beliefs you want to support A Must have good reasons to support the statement c Made up of premises and a conclusion I There can be multiple premisesP but there can be only one conclusionC A Ex All gods are immortal P Zeus is a god P Therefore Zeus is immortal C B This is a valid argument that is made up of two statements and a conclusion What is an explanation a It is a way of expanding on the subject 7 8 b An explanation is Why and how is the case While argument is to persuade Why is it a case Can a statement be an argument a Statements are claims and arguments are made up of claims b Statements are either true or false c Arguments are either valid or invalid Indicator words a These words help pick out the conclusion from the statements 1 Examples of indicator words thus so in conclusion and at the end at the day 11 Example of premises because since and given that
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