Week 1 of Notes
Week 1 of Notes 403-2B
Popular in International Relations Seminar
Popular in Public Relations
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Dora Notetaker on Thursday August 27, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 403-2B at University of Alabama at Birmingham taught by Nikolaos Zahariadis in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 106 views. For similar materials see International Relations Seminar in Public Relations at University of Alabama at Birmingham.
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Date Created: 08/27/15
PSC 403 Seminar in International Studies Dr Zahariadis Notes Set 1 Week of Aug 24 Tue Aug 25 Housekeeping 0 You can find Dr Z s syllabus on Canvas and he emailed it out to everyone 0 You should email Dr Z because he responds better to that and you can email him to set up an appointment outside of his office hours About this class 0 This class is going to be about the European Union 0 We will have a midterm a final and a research outline paper on a topic of your choosing and a research paper as a continuation of your outline They are due on the following days 0 Midterm October 6 at 9am 0 Outline paper October 22 0 Research paper December 1 0 Final Exam December 10 at 9am o This class will be presented in 2 parts 1 History and background of the European Union 2 Policy What decisions they make and why About the outline paper 0 2 3 pages 0 Needs to have 0 1 Research Question which is a puzzle that drives your paper and it NEEDS TO BE A QUESTION I Example of research question What are the effects of public opinion on the European Union s immigration policies 0 2 Thesis Statement which answers your research question I Example of thesis statement Public opinion affects immigration policy poorly as Europe is becoming a fortress and the EU needs to have more open policies to be more stable 0 3 Tentative Outlined of the Case Studies these case studies are examples that you use to support or reject your argument 0 4 Theory theories tell us how the world should work and you need to include one to see if a theory has been proved right or not About the research paper 0 The research paper needs to have all of the above mentioned points in fully developed detail It should be 810 pages not 7 pages and 1 sentence 0 You need to use at least 8 sources 0 4 books or reviews 0 4 newspaper or magazine articles they can be from online 0 Your research paper is graded in the following way 0 75 content 0 25 grammar 0 NO LATE PAPERS Background on the European Union 0 The EU is not exactly a state and it is not exactly an international organization 0 Unlike the United Nations it has enforcement powers 0 The EU is the biggest regional economy in the world and it is the US s biggest trading partner so our economies are intertwined o The original vision for the EU was to have a United States of Europe modeled after the United States of America 0 What the EU is now is somewhat like the US under the Articles of Confederation Thurs Aug 27 The history of what led to unification in Europe Sovereignty o Sovereignty is rarely given up voluntarily it is most often taken through conquest It started with the Delian League o It was the 1st alliance between sovereign city states o It was formed out of security reasons they feared that other city states will come and take over 0 ltwas the 1st volunteered giving up of power French Revolution o It was the 1st time ideas about a bigger community started taking hold 0 Before this only separated small political units existed o A rationalization to unite emerged that was notjust driven by security reasons Recap Nation a political unit bound together by a common group of people with common language ideology history etc State the physical manifestation of a nation so territory and borders 0 French Revolution idea emerged of becoming a community where money and power were notjust taken by force It was a way to get those resources money voluntarily Liberty Fraternity Equality 0 These ideas were shared o It meant we re all in this together 0 Fraternity is what our modern nation state is based on Napoleonic Wars 0 Nationalism became big because Napoleon used it and spread it across Europe 0 He used to build a strong army 0 an army that was fighting for more than just money like mercenaries of the past 0 or because some lord or king told soldiers to fight Napoleon s army was now fighting for their home their village their country 0 The enemy saw Napoleon coming and adopted his ideas World War 0 They ran into 2 problems 0 1 The increased lethality of war I It became easier simpler and faster to kill people from farther distances cannons air force weapons of mass destruction I This meant more people could do it I It made war more impersonal o 2 People started to question how they got there and why they were killing themselves I They started questioning absolute sovereignty Absolute Sovereignty What is it o 1648 Treaty of Westphalia introduced the idea of borders 0 Now there was a sense of what is mine and what is yours 0 They adopted sovereignty Sovereignty Control over a specific territory and its population via government The end of World War 0 Absolute sovereignty was blamed for WWI where troops foughtjust because governments told them to 0 So there was need for a bigger community 0 WI was the beginning of the end of nationalism as they knew it Leading up to World War II o The Treaty of Versailles ended WWII and brought about 3 things 1 Demobilization of troops Countries didn t have a plan for demobilization like they did for mobilization They needed to show other countries that they re demobilizing so there s not a threat of imminent danger 2 Spheres of Influence O 0 They divided regions The winners of WWI took over and divided the losers colonies 3 Global Forums 0000 World War II Essentially the League of Nations These were needed for communication to exist between countries They need to clarify situations where mobilization was misinterpreted Small countries wanted global forums more to protect themselves from bigger countries to clarify what belongs to them 0 All of the above ideas were based on sovereignty and countries could talk and not obey agreements 0 They didn t pay attention to the economic implications of WI 0 O O Reparations on losing countries meant they wanted money from those who couldn t pay They were condemning the losers to decades of destitution As a result there was hyperinflation in Germany during the 20s 0 Hyperinflation in Germany 0000 o Hitler OOO Increase in prices devaluation of currency and loss of purchasing power Wages stayed the same so poverty rose So people started trading in goods rather than money People essentially got crazy and poor Which was the perfect time for a charismatic Austrian to rise to power Promised prosperity and to make Germany great again He said he ll bring back law and order to a politically unstable time He went back to nationalism He said he ll get rid of undesirables to make country great which was the idea of nationalism at that time
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