Chapter 1 Review
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by brad diamond on Thursday August 27, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to psy 652 at Pace University taught by Jennifer Powell-Lunder in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Human Development in Psychlogy at Pace University.
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Date Created: 08/27/15
PSY 652 Human Growth and Development Chapter 1 Overview Fundamental issues of Development addressed through history Basic Forces of Biopsychosocial Framework 1 Biological Forces include all genetic and health related factors that affect development 2 Psychological Forces include all internal perceptual cognitive emotional and personality factors that affect development 3 Sociocultural Forces include interpersonal societal cultural and ethnic factors that affect development 4 LifeCycle Forces Reflect differences in how some events affects people in different ways How does timing of forces make a difference in their impact There are certain windows of viability for each force to make an impact How does neuroscience enhance the understanding of human development It allows us dentifying patterns of brain activity helps reveal interactions between biological psychological social and life forces which allows for a better understanding of how each person is a unique expressions of these forces Defining Human Development 1 Examines how and why people change and how they remain the same over time 2 Examines how and why people are both unique and similar to each other 3 A multidisciplinary science based on theories and research studies What is a Developmental Theory Essential for Predictions result in research that helps support or clarify the theory How do Psychodynamic theories account for Development Development is largely determined by how well people resolve conflicts they face at different ages Freud amp Erikson What is the Focus of Learning Theories of Development Concentrates on 39Emphasizes Noteworthy Theories Behaviorism Skinner Social Learning Theory Bandura How do CognitiveDevelopmental Theories explain change in thinking Key is how people think and how thinking changes over time Focus on and 1 Piaget thinking develops in a sequence of stages 2 InformationProcessing Theory people process information like a computer becoming more efficient over time 3 Vygotsky Thinking is influenced by sociocultural constructs Contributions of cultural and cognitive growth What are the main points in the Ecological and Systems Approach All aspects of human development are Notable Contributions by Bronfenbrenner Lawton amp Nahemow What are the major tenets of Lifespan and Lifecycle theories ifespan many factors influence development it multidirectionality plasticity historical context multiple causation ifecycle different generations to biological psychological and sociocultural forces within the time period of their lives 9 Personal life events interact with historical influences 9 Individual influences integrate with family issues 9 Earlier life events and the period of history in which they occurred shaped by subsequent events and issues How to Scientists measure topics of interest in studying human development Svstematic Observation watching people and carefully recording what that do Consists of 1 Naturalistic Observation quotReallife observations 2 Structured Observation Researchers create a situation likely to result in the type of behavior in which they are interested Samping Behavior with Tasks example to measure emotion recognition accuracy elfReports example measuring selfesteem using a Psychological Measures example measuring interest level using GSR and pupil dilation What research designs are used to study human development Correlational studies measure how people score on two variables eg SATG PA 9 Calculate a correlation coefficient r between two variable scores Experimental Studies between two variables 9 First manipulate exposure to different levels of an I 9After exposure to IV measure how people score on I 9Main question is whether gitudin l Studies observes a test group over several periods of time 9Expensive and large time commitment 9Alows examination of discontinuity because the sample is tested across time Cross sectional studies observestests group of different ages at same period of time 9More time effective and less expensive 9Cannot address discontinuity because each age group involves different people Sequential Studies 9Alows for flexibility to collect info in several ways 9Avoids cohort effects of crosssectional design 9Cohort effect effects due to same generation or time in history How do researchers integrate results from multiple studies Meta Analysis analysis of multiple studies that all examined the same research question and variables 9Alows scientists to verify whether the same the relations among variables across multiple studies What Ethical procedures must researcher follow Minimize and Warn of any risks to Participants nformed Consent Avoid Deception ndividua results or data must be kept confidentialanonymous
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