Week 1 Sociology Notes 8/27/15
Week 1 Sociology Notes 8/27/15 C 235 - 001
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Caitlin Gartrell on Thursday August 27, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to C 235 - 001 at Ball State University taught by Rachel Miriam Kraus (P) in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 29 views. For similar materials see Sociology of Gender in Sociology at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 08/27/15
Thursday August 27 2015 Sociology 23 5 Sociology of Gender Two Goals Within the Sociology of Gender 1 Investigate SOCIAL differences between men and women a Instead of being concerned about physical attributes focusing on social attributes 2 Explain how gender differences are related to gender inequality and many sociological variables race class religion etc a Example wage discrepancies roles in religion etc Gender Gender isn t just something that we are it s something that we do or don t do Gender meanings a culture attaches to those biological differences including norms ideas and expectations for males and females How you think about yourself and act in particular ways body personality talk personality communication enactment the meaning sex has to different genders amp biological apparatus biological and genetic makeup physiology anatomy Sexual Orientation whom you nd sexually attractive Gender Identity internalizing norms through a process of socialization our sense of ourselves as male or female Gender Expression or Performance how we make this sense of self known to others Rather than thinking of gender as boxed ideas think of them more as falling on a continuum or spectrum Nonbinary Flexible gender identity not just masculine or feminine o Nonbinaryorg Gender is uid and changeable Classic Differences Debate Nature vs Nurture Nature 0 Hardwired for difference biological explanation I Women are mothers men are protectors Nurture o Socialization we are taught differences I Gender Policing being shunned shamed or ridiculed for not conforming to gender norms Thursday August 27 2015 What do the two schools of though share 0 Both see men and women as markedly different from each other 0 Both argue that these differences cause gender domination The argument 0 Gender inequality is a result of gender difference More differences among men and women among women and or among men than between men and women Deceptive Differences perceived differences may not be about gender at all Rather social positions Positions that we occupy elicit behaviors that we see as gendered Examples 0 When women have the same opportunities networks mentors they behave as men in the workplace 0 Fathers are just as capable of mothering Gender difference is the outcome of gender inequality inequality is legitimated through the notion of difference Gender Applies to Both Men AND Women I Understand and challenge privileges I What privileges do you have as a member of a dominant group white heterosexual Christian educated family wealth etc I Are men privileged