INTRO TO PSYCH
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This 2 page Reader was uploaded by Katelyn Elmenhurst on Wednesday April 30, 2014. The Reader belongs to a course at University of Washington taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 77 views.
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Date Created: 04/30/14
43014 110 PM Shortterm memory STM temporarily holds a limited amt of info memory codes visual mental images phonological sounds semantic applying meaning first sense then perceive motor patterns of movement Capacity of short term memory George Miller magic number 7 or 2 essentially 5 9 The Magic number is 7 2 units chunking combining individual items into larger units of meaning Duration of short term memory Interference provides evidence for 2030 seconds Working memory temporarily stores and processes info phonological loop stores mental representations of sounds visuospatial sketchpad stores visual and spatial info Lonq term memory LTM our library of more durable stored memories unlimited storage capacity memories can endure for a lifetime 0 debatable permanence some people believe memories can last for a lifetime they are stored somewhere we just can39t access it like an onion with many layers promoted by Wilder Penfield 9 reported that when a certain area of brain was touched patient awake in surgery would remember memories vividly when certain areas of brain were touched alteration we see things in a different light later on and can add info to the original event every time you think about an event you alter it just a bit Serial position taskeffect the ability to recall an item is influenced by the item39s position in a series Example in class words at beginning and end of list are recalled at a much greater rate than the words read at the middle of the list Primary effect superior recall of early items 0 Evidence for LTM o rehearsal o sematic errors big instead of arge same idea diff word Recency effect superior recall of recent items Evidence for STM 0 quick info dump of the rehearsal buffer 0 auditory errors top instead of pop getting sounds mixed up
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