Early European Colonialization
Early European Colonialization HY 325-001
Popular in US World Power to 1898
Popular in History
This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Erica Kugler on Friday August 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HY 325-001 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Dr. Steinbock-Pratt in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 60 views. For similar materials see US World Power to 1898 in History at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
Reviews for Early European Colonialization
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 08/28/15
Early European Exploration and Colonization Spanish 0 Spanish establishment at Hispaniola led to further Spanish conquests in the new world o Moved inward in what is now Mexico and the SWSE US 0 15191521 Hernan Cortes conquers the Aztecs quotMexica people 0 Defeat of the Aztecs aided by technology weapons armor horses disease small pox 0 Spanish used other Native tribes as allies I These Natives were enemies of the Aztecs and were willing to help anyone who wanted to overthrow the Aztecs I The Native allies served as cultural intermediaries between the Spanish and Native culture 0 Important Native who helped Cortes was a woman named Malintzin I Served as Cortes translator I Knew the politics of the area gt helped Cortes decide who to ally with 0 Peru was later conquered Peru Inca Empire 0 Motive for Spanish conquest of Aztecs and Incas access to silver 0 Spanish colonialization expanded into the Pacific on the Philippines 0 Having colonies in the Pacific and Atlantic made Spain a global empire 0 Specialized in precious metal trading 0 Spanish encroachment into the SW US present day AZNM confront the Puebloan people 0 Spanish were looking for more sources of gold and silver 0 Brought Franciscans and established missions I Goal was to convert the Puebloans and assimilate them into European life 0 Spanish rule and Franciscan presence led to revolts by the Puebloans English 0 1497 John Cabot set out to explore the Northern Atlantic Canada and upper New England 0 Found the waters to be full of fish gt good for potential fish trade industry I While fishing industry could be profitable the Caribbean was more ideal for establishing settlements because it was a source of gold and silver 0 England was recovering from years of instability gt 100 years war crisis in royal succession o By end of 1500s things had begun to stabilize 0 England emerged as Spain s biggest colonialtrade rival 0 England began to experience a major population boom 0 Increase in interest by merchants to form JointStock Companies to monopolize trade I Aided in the push for crossAtlantic exploration and colonialization 0 Issue caused by the English on the Spanish was privateering I Privateering have sailors attack Spanish ships and take goldsilver like pirates I This made Spain mad so it launched its Armada ship fleet in 1588 to try to invade England failed 0 1585 English est settlement at Roanoke 0 Located far enough from Spanish colonies to avoid war but close enough to Spanish colonies to continue pirate raids 0 1st attempt Roanoke led by Sir Walter Raleigh I Colonists came into conflict with the Natives I This was a failed attempt at colonization so Sir Walter Raleigh tries again 0 2quot l attempt 1587 led by Sir Walter Raleigh settlers women and children families I Sir Walter Raleigh left to go back to England but promised to return I When Sir Walter Raleigh returned in 1590 all he found was the word quotCroatoanquot carved in a tree 0 Roanoke is important because it established elements of early English colonialization 0 Free land in the New World was attractive to England s growing population 0 Settled in Massachusetts and Chesapeake Bay 0 1607 Jamestown established by the Virginia Company I Jamestown was see by the V Company as a place to extract money from the land ie getrichquickscheme I Leader John Smith 0 English captain inspired by the Spanish model of settling new land I Encountered the Powhatan Indians chief was named Powhatan o Kidnapped John Smith in December of 1607 0 Was going to execute him but Pocahontas intervened 0 Relationship between the Europeans and Powhatans wasn t very good 0 Colonists demanded the Powhatans give them food 0 Frequent fighting between the two groups in the 17th century 0 Powhatans unable to push the English out I Jamestown was ultimately a failure as settlers unable to grow food and set up an adequate colony o 1620 Plymouth colony established I Mayflower Puritan settlers hard core superProtestants Calvinism I Puritans settled in the new world as a way to create a truly Godly community I Encountered the Wampanoag Indians gt wiped out by diseases 0 Colonists move into the deserted Wampanoag villages I Colonists were able to survive thanks to the help of some Natives 0 Ex Squanto gt Native who was able to speak English and knew the Native lifestyle served as an interpreter I Wampanoag who survived the diseases didn t attack the colonists 0 Most of the colonists were women and children and Wampanoag tradition shunned the killing of women and children would have been different if the colonists were mostly men I Wampanoag and settlers eventually ally o 1629 Massachusetts Bay Colony 0 1630 Boston established 0 Impact of disease on Natives gt 161630 75 of Native population killed by small pox o 2 major wars between the English and Natives Pequot War and King Phillips War 0 Issues land encroachment by the English and differing view of land ownership I Natives saw the sale of land in terms of land usage rather than permanent ownership ie land was only held onto as long as it was agriculturally productive 0 Issue English view of Natives as savages I Used the Bible to back up their claims of English superiority and as a way to subjugate the Natives o Pequot War 0 Main issue land ownership encroachment by English onto Pequot land 0 2 captains of an English ship were kidnapped and killed I English blamed Pequot Pequot denied any involvement I As revenge the colonists led by William Bradford attack a Pequot village I The Pequot counterattack and years of fighting continue I Colonists ally with the Narraganset 0 Attack and burn down Pequot Fort 0 King Phillip s War Conflict between colonists and Wampanoag Location Plymouth 0 King Phillip Metacomet Native name I Worked to try to keep the peace between the colonists and the natives o 1671 colonists demand that the Wampanoag surrender their weapons thus making the Wampanoag defenseless I Wampanoag refused King Phillip starts preparing for war I King Phillip tries to create a multitribal coalition against the English fails o 1674 Christianconverted Native tells the colonists where King Phillip is hiding out I Natives learn of this treason and kill the Native I In retaliation the colonists take 3 Wampanoag and kill them 0 1St time English colonists kill Natives for the killing of another Native 0 The Narragansett pledged neutrality but offered to be a safe haven for noncombatants o 1675 war starts I Wampanoag and colonists engage in attacks and counterattacks I Wampanoag attack the Narragansett o Narragansett eventually join the war against the Wampanoag I King Phillip is killed by a fellow Native 0 Result of the war final breaking of Native power in New England region I 30 of colonists died I 60 of Native population eliminated o In retrospect the colonists saw the war as a form of civil disobedience by the Natives o In retrospect the Natives placed the blame on the colonists for their greed for land French 0 Sent traders to New EnglandCanada area Northern Atlantic 0 Encountered the Algonquin people 0 1603 est Quebec founder Samuel de Champlain o Tapped into the fur trade particular beaver fur o Relied on Natives as allies in the trade allied wthe Algonquins o Tried to promote trust among the Europeans and Natives in order to gain access to the fur trade networks 0 French established other settlements in what is now Louisiana 0 French used missionaries on their expeditions o Missionaries Jesuit order as opposed to the Franciscan order the Spanish used 0 Missionaries had to adapt to living among the Natives 0 Differences between Franciscans and Jesuits I Franciscans backed by a secular royal power had coercive power against Natives wanted the Natives to have fullblown conversions eliminate all forms of traditional Native beliefs I Jesuits no coercive power had to live among the Natives in order to gain their trust and promote conversion via peace 0 Similarities among Franciscans and Jesuits I Try to substitute the Native s culture with European culture I Brought diseases to the Natives which led to many deaths Dutch 0 Explored present day New York Connecticut and Pennsylvania 0 Were pushed out by the English 0 Turned instead to Asia and colonized Java Key words 0 Hernan Cortes o Malintzin o Franciscans 0 John Cabot o JointStock Company 0 Walter Raleigh o Roanoke 0 Samuel de Champlain o Jesuits o Powhatan 0 John Smith 0 Pocahontas o Wampanoag o Puritans o Squanto o Narraganset o Pequot War 0 King Phillip s War 0 Metacomet
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'