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Week 1 Lecture Notes

by: Jessica Lauterbach

Week 1 Lecture Notes PSY 347-001

Jessica Lauterbach
Behavior Disorders in Children and Adolescents
Steven Landau

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Week 1 of notes. Enjoy!
Behavior Disorders in Children and Adolescents
Steven Landau
Class Notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jessica Lauterbach on Friday August 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 347-001 at Illinois State University taught by Steven Landau in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Behavior Disorders in Children and Adolescents in Psychlogy at Illinois State University.


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Date Created: 08/28/15
Exam 1 Notes Childhood Disorders The study of Child Psychopathology vs Adult Psychopathology 1 Developmental perspective context of child s age and development Small differences in age make a huge difference in symptoms They change biologically They change emotionally They change in social functioning And expect what is normal given their age i Ex We can focus on conduct disorderhostile attitude lies and steals and violent We know that it varies given the age Preschooler will have different disorders compared to junior high or teen antisocial disorder is conduct disorder grown up with age children with antisocial disorder grow up to have conduct disorder Parents of the child often disregard their child s development 0 What is appropriate for their age 0 Autism for example display how kids younger than them act which is normally Autism kids don t act appropriate for their age Onset of age is importantthe earlier tends to be more severe of a case Males are more dominant for mental health problems than females Males are more likely to have problems than females Problems of males are more worrisome Going to school increases problemsmore likely to have problems and more likely to be noticed o ADHD Preschooler is not likely to be referred school aged children are more likely to be referred and middle aged are 09069 equaL Sexual promiscuousness violence Criminal acts Age makes a difference in core problems 0 Referrals often by teachers 2 Access to treatment Children rarely never selfrefer They receive help due to someone else thinking they need help School psychologists can t look at kids unless the parents give permission for the child to receive help Someone else has to be concerned Someone else has to transport the child take off work wait in a waiting room Parents most likely carry the burden of mental health services of their child 13 of all children with ADHD have a parent with ADHDruns in the family Anxiety disorder runs in the family as wellparent has anxiety disorder Parents with a disorder are less likely to get the child treatment due to the parents not noticing the differences and to them they think it is normal Parents can relate to the symptoms However mothers that have the same disorder are more understanding and patient because they can relate 3 Effects of family functioning Divorce ghting different school new neighborhood change in dynamics less money for the child different home the effect of divorce varies the effects Substance abuseparents have marital problems abusive Death in the family mourning and grief world changes Parentinghow the parent raises the child certain strategies teach the child to be aggressive Psychopathology parents with mental problems tend to pass to kids runs in families Depression violence ADHD Socioeconomic Status low SES families are at a greater risk at having children with mental problems less likely to have medical insurance and mental health insuranceless likely to pursue services due to lack of funds 4 Assessment and diagnosis Adults selfreport their problems we don t rely on children s reports It changes every day and how they feel at the moment Informant reports parents or teachers give them being worried about their behavior An interview of the parent mother and remember things run in the family Anxious parents describe their child different than non anxious parents Maternal depression creates the biggest gap between referred children Maternal depression is more likely to refer their child I can t take it anymore Direct observationsymptomatic children don t behave so in the clinic We don t see symptoms of ADHD in the doctor s office 0 Adults with mental issues we strive to help them with strategies and coping skills along with helping the family members who carry issues themselves DON T believe just direct help to a child we have to treat everyone involved in their life 5 Goals of treatment 0 Heavy reliance on parentsthey are given homework assignments to work with the child in order for the child to improve symptoms which coincides with treatment Theoryan explanatory statement intended to account for explain and understand relations among variables how they operate and the processes involved Theories help to explain a cause for childhood disorders 0 A theory goes beyond the speci c empirical relations among the variables and phenomena of interest Theory makes predictions and provides empirical testable explanations The goal is to understand why and how things operate Theory drives professional training Theories steer us in which direction for treatment Theoretical Explanations for Psychopathology 1 Medical Model18th century demonology If you had a mental illness you were viewed as being possessed by a demon These people were locked up in order to keep the possession to that one person rather than someone else Internal Organic pathologydisease of the brain was like other medical diseases medical causes 0 Mental illnesssomething is wrong 0 Needs to be cured by treatment 0 Few childhood disorders are caused by a medical explanation Down syndrome Fetal Alcohol Syndrome 0 Symptoms tell us what is wrong on the inside and help us treat them 0 We rely most on the medical model Etiologythe study of cause 2 Psychodynamic model Freudian Psychoanalysismost in uenced for psychodynamic 19teens Refers to the active energy of the struggle of the personality Behavioral symptoms are indirectly expressions underlying internal problems Medical Disease vs Psychodynamic Personality Psychiatrists medicate the problems Ex Depression means that there is an imbalance of chemicals serotonin in the brain which is often medicated in order to x Freudians use talking therapy with client in order to return better functioning to the personality not the behavior Freudians don t see behavioral problems they see treating the problems in the personality Ex Bed wetter behavioralist only look at bed wetting Freudian bedwetting means that he wants to have sex with momhe pees because he is worried that his dad is going to cut off his penis 3 Sociological modelexternal explanations environment peer group Kids who have discipline problems violent they tend to hang together Children act differently when in front of people Children act differently when with mom vs dad 4 Behavioral modelenvironment peer group Treatment is towards environment Overtwhat we could see outwardly expressed events observable Used medical and psychodynamic models for treatment 0 If we can t see it we can t measure it Behavioral model takes in account with what the child does which can be measured What can the child do How is the child responding to eventsthat s what matters Past current antecedent and consequent events In order to modify we must change events 0 Treatment from a behavioral perspectivechange environmental stimuli that follows the behavior change what they think or feel 0 Ex Child acting out in class and students laughthat reinforces the bad behavior We would have to talk to the teacher in order to change behavior Change teacher behavior to change unacceptable student behavior Parent training is on the belief that the child39s behavior depends on how they are being disciplined parents train the child to be violent depending on how they parent them 5 Ecological model Goodness of t CIRCULAR Parents can affect the behavior of their children Children can dramatically affect the behavior of their parents Consonance good t Disonnance bad t It s as circle with the child s and parent s response if it is bad it gets worse over time


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