Notes for 2nd Chapter Exam
Notes for 2nd Chapter Exam pol101
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Belinda Tagoe on Friday August 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to pol101 at Mercer University taught by Dr. Chris Grant in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 57 views. For similar materials see American Government in Political Science at Mercer University.
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Date Created: 08/28/15
Chapter 2 American Citizens and Political Culture Keywords 0 jus 501139 0 jus sanguinis 0 immigrants 0 naturalization 0 US Citizenship and Immigration Services USCIS 0 nonimmigrants 0 undocumented immigrants 0 Congress 0 The 1965 Immigration and Nationality Act 0 The 1986 Immigration Reform and Control Act 0 The 1996 Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act 0 Development Relief and Education for Alien Minors DREAM Act 0 political culture 0 normative 0 individualism 0 core American values 0 affirmative action 0 conservatism social economic 0 liberalism social economic Jus soli right of the soil Anyone born in one of the fifty states or a US territory Guam Puerto Rico etc is an American citizen 0 This is regardless of the parents39 citizenship status 0 This doesn39t apply to children born to foreign diplomats 0 This doesn39t apply to children born on foreign ships in US waters Jus sanguinis the right by blood Anyone born outside the US to American parents is a US citizen 0 This applies to children adopted by American parents 0 Someone born in the US to immigrant parents may be able to hold dual citizenship Immigrants Citizens of one nation who immigrate to another country 0 There are limits on how many immigrants may enter the US 0 Immigrants who have permanent resident visas are eligible to become US citizens 0 They help the economy through their labor and taxes 0 Their use of social services and their employment may become a financial strain on impoverished communities Naturalization The process that immigrants must follow to become official US citizens US Citizenship and Immigration Services USCIS A government agency that supervises immigration into the United States 0 This agency is involved in the naturalization process Nonimmigrants Foreigners who come the US but not as legal permanent residents 0 Some of them are refugees seeking asylum protection 0 They may be facing political religious or racial persecution 0 They may be eeing a civil war 0 The USCIS decides whether these fears are wellfounded 0 Others are visitors members of foreign media international representatives etc Undocumented immigrants immigrants who avoid USCIS regulations 0 They follow obligations of US citizens pay taxes etc 0 They39re usually poor and unskilled 0 They may be a financial strain on communities Congress The legislative branch of the federal government 0 They create immigration legislation under the president39s approval 0 This is executed by the USCIS The 1965 Immigration and Nationality Act This act removed the immigration quota system 0 The previous quota barred Chinese immigration from 1882 to 1943 0 1920s legislation limited the number of immigrants from southern and eastern Europe 0 The quota favored northern and western European immigrants 0 The 1965 law limited the number of northern and western European immigrants 0 More open borders made immigration harder to regulate The 1986 Immigration Reform and Control Act This act granted amnesty to undocumented immigrants who came before 1982 and restricted entry to those who arrived after 1982 0 Illegal immigration from Mexico continued The 1996 Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act This act granted the Immigration Naturalization Service now the USCIS the power to take actions that could end in the deportation of any immigrant who violates US immigration laws 0 An immigrant may be banned from the US for five years 0 The INS was placed in the Department of Homeland Security then renamed the USCIS 0 This was in response to 911 Development Relief and Education for Alien Minors DREAM Act This act would39ve allowed undocumented immigrants who came as minors to become US citizens through military service or higher education 0 The House of Representatives passed the bill in 2009 0 Conservative Republicans blocked it in the Senate 0 The Senate tried reviving the bill in 2010 0 Republicans blocked the vote again Political culture The general political beliefs and values of a nation 0 Values refer to ideas that are generally accepted as important or moral 0 A country39s political culture is reinforced by its society religious organizations families etc 0 American political culture places an emphasis on procedural guarantees 0 American political culture expects the government to ensure a level playing field 0 American political culture doesn39t expect the government to give equal results to everyone 0 American political culture emphasizes individualism and selfinterest Normative describes statements asserting what the world should be like 0 These statements are neither true nor false Individualism A belief in the importance of the individual 0 Individuals are responsible for their own wellbeing 0 Individuals know what39s best for themselves 0 Individuals will benefit the rest of society by benefiting themselves first Core American values These values are representative democracy freedom and equality 0 These values emphasize the procedural and individualistic nature of American political culture Democracy procedure for making government actions every individual who participates is heard all interests considered just fair Freedom individual freedom from the state restraints no unfair ex racist restrictions on personal pursuits no state guaranteed personal outcomes state guaranteed help in achieving personal outcomes Bill of Rights guarantees basic liberties freedom of speech freedom to bear arms etc economic freedom right to property and money Equality equal treatment equal access equal opportunities no equal results Affirmative action policies which give special opportunities to minorities These are designed to level the playing field for Whites and racial minorities They39re highly controversial Conservatism ideology Which advocates for limited government in uence in the economy and the maintenance of the current social order This ideology calls for a procedural government in uence the economy and the promotion of traditional American values Traditional American values includes the husbandWife family structure and an emphasis on Christian ideals Social conservatives advocate for limited government in the economy and an expanded government control in the social order This group includes the Religious Right and the Tea Party They may support bans on gay marriage and abortion limits on immigration and prayer in schools Economic conservatives advocate for limited government in the economy and a limited government role in the social order This group includes the Libertarian Party They may support fewer restraints on industrial development and oppose gun control Liberalism ideology Which advocates for an expanded government role in the economy and the social This ideology calls for a more substantive government in uence in the economy They advocate for a more diverse American population Social liberals advocate for an expanded government in the economy and an expanded government control in the social order This group includes the Green Party and Greenpeace They may support welfare subsidies and bans on porn They oppose industrial development in wetlands and other ecologically sensitive areas Economic liberals advocate for an expanded government in the economy and a limited government control in the social order This group includes Occupy Wall Street and liberal Democrats They may support stricter stock market regulations higher taxes on the highest 1 of income earners and national health care They may oppose the NSA39s surveillance of Internet users and their searches
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