Intro to Classical Mythology- Week 1 notes
Intro to Classical Mythology- Week 1 notes CLAS 220 001
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CLAS 220 001
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CLAS 220 001
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hayley on Friday August 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CLAS 220 001 at University of South Carolina taught by Jason Osborne in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 318 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Classical Mythology in Classical Studies at University of South Carolina.
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Date Created: 08/28/15
CLAS 220 Prof Iason Osborne Week 1 824828 9th edition of text book Chapter 1 Myth Greek word mythos Narrated orally but eventually in written form 0 Other forms Painting sculpture music dance drama song opera movies etc 0 Myth doesn t mean that it s necessarily not true it s a story Primarily concerned with Gods and humankinds relationship the supernatural 0 Myths and religion are intertwined Interpretations p 67 0 Etiological explain origin Rationalism Mythic Gods reflect real people Euhemerism Metaphorical interpretation Allegorical Nature myths o Metaphorical and cosmological wonders Psychological FreudJung p710 Chapter 2 Geography and the development of Greece Small 0 Settled before 70000 BC Paleolithic o Neolithic was the more prominent time period Inhabitants from East and North More on p 39 Evidenceart tools graves etc Communitiesisolated Favored independence and freedom 0 Bad decisions but had free will to do so Bronze Age 0 Stone age 9 bronze age of Greece crete and islands 0 Due to migration from east 0 3 periods 0 early 30002000 BC 0 middle 20001600 BC 0 late 16001100 BC 0 Bronze age of o CreteMinoans o IslandsCycladic o GreeceHelladic in late bronze its referred to as Mycenaean Age Minoan Civ Matured in Middle Bronze age CLAS 220 Prof Iason Osborne Week 1 824828 9th edition of text book Peaked during late age Palace culture 0 Palace at Cnossus p 40 0 Capital of great sea power their power exceeded past islands of Aegean and Greece 0 Labryinth and Slaying of Minotaur Thesues o Conossus had no walls no fear of invasion Extensive Trade Network 0 Suggests they had ships 0 Art 0 Artwork was very different from other cultures at the time o Fascination with minataur 0 Representation of Sea Life 0 Sophisticated Language was Linear A 0 Yet to be solved Mycenaean Civ Indo European Linguistic Group 0 First Greeks o Invaded from the north and east p 42 o Worshipped Zeus Supreme GodSky Adopted much of Minoan culture 0 Conquer Minoans circa 2000 BC Evidence through burn levels 0 Linear B early greek language 0 Lists of what they own 0 Ciphered by Michael Ventris p 43 Cyclopean walls 0 Thought to be made my Cyclops because of size myth heroes weren t normal humans 0 Shaft Graves Trojan War 0 Evidence it happenedBurn Level Archaelogical record 0 1250 BC1150 BC Mythological record 0 1184 BC Mycenia 0 Trades from Sardinia to W Asia CLAS 220 Prof Iason Osborne Week 1 824828 9th edition of text book 0 Used piracy to make a living 0 Raiding cities Feudal Systems 0 Soldiers must consent to fight for King 0 Soldiers had leatherbronze armor 0 Don t know tactics o Chariots used 0 Art 0 Sea life 0 Gods o Zeus Hera Poseidon Hermes Athena Artemis Apollo Ares Dionysus maybe 0 Local non indo European divinites also known 0 Weather sky gods 0 Relationships of Gods between indo and non indo Wanax reps Gods but isn t one 0 After Trojan war Mycenaean age came to a end 12001100 BC 0 Dark age commences as everything is burned o How do we know Burn level 0 125OBC115OBC Chapter 3 0 There are parallels with other traditions o Sumerian Hebraic etc Homer 0 Did not write creation stories 0 Alludes to creation storys o Epics with a purpose Hesoid TheogonyOrigin of Creation of Gods 8th7th Century BC 0 The Greeks literary reflects their beliefs In the west we have scriptures that do this Muses reliable knowledge of supreme gods Zeus daughters In the beginning there was i ChaosYawing void the beginning 0 Deep dark place where nothing is ii Gaia Earth was next iii Romans called him Cupid9 love force of creation iv Erebus gloom of tartarus v Night CLAS 220 Prof Iason Osborne Week 1 824828 9th edition of text book 0 NO ULTIMATE CREATOR Night and Erebus 9 sexual relations Aether amp Day 0 Dai came from darkness that was brought about by 0 Sexuality is important in mythology 0 Love is at the beginning things are made from love 0 Love l Lust 0 Love and sex go togetherquot in Greek Mytholgy 0 Love is not related to reason Eros Cupid Love 0 Arrows caused people to fall in love 0 Most beautiful of all the immortal Gods Violent power of love 0 Before Aphrodite Gaia 0 Mother earth 0 Female diety IndoEuropean concept 0 Earth brings forth life without sex 0 Love is not involved 0 From her 0 Uranus o Moutains o Pontus Gaia Uranus Sky have sexual union which leads to o Titans Oceanus Coeus Crius Hyperion Iapetus Theia Rhea Themis Mnemosyne Thebe Tethys Cronus o Deifications of nature 0 Cyclopes who create Zeus s thunder bolts Brontes Thunder SeteropesLightining Arges Bright 0 The HundredHandersquot violent children p 62 Cottus Bria reus Gyes hated by Uranus CLAS 220 Prof Iason Osborne Week 1 824828 9th edition of text book 0 The rain can be thought of as Uranus s seed rain brings life to the earth Titans age 0 Water comes from Oceanus amp Tethys o Oceanids Produced sonsbodies of waterriver springs etc Emotional response to the ocean I Oceanpathway Lineage can be traced back to titans in Greek Mythology Hyperion a titangod of sun and Theia sister and lover Hyperion and Theia created 0 Helius o Selene 0 E05 0 Duplicated Gods Helius and Hyperion more of this info on p 65 Paetonstory of ovids metapmorphsos ovid is a novelist o Nobody believes that his dad helius is God Helius allows Paeton any proof of it Wants to drive his chariot drags the sun across sky Doesn t do a great job of driving it Sorches land Reason for different skin colors To stop madness Zeus sends lighting down and kills him 0 He wants to be a hero does things that no one else can 0 Themes of Paeton story 0 Hubris Can do more than one should not any under law 0 Glory because of who I am you should respect and honor me OOOOOO E05 0 Rosy Fingered Dawnquot 0 Child of Hyperion and Theia 0 Goddess Falls in love with Titonus p 6869 0 Mortal asked Zeus for him to be immortal and live forever 0 She didn t ask for him to stay young forever CLAS 220 Prof Iason Osborne Week 1 824828 9th edition of text book 0 0 He forever ages She still cares for him Uranus and Cronos One of Hesiod s stories p 69 Uranus s Children with Gaia O O O 0 Doesn t like them Locked them inside of Gaia she grows in pain Cronos meaning time escapes and plots revenge with mother Gaia This shows a conflict between Husband and Wife in mythology Solution Castration of Uranus Used adamantine to do it a metal that can t be broke Castration creates Erinyes furies anger Giants Meliae nymphs of Ash tree Genitals thrown in Sea From this Aphrodite was born Love born from violence Violence from love story on page 6971
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