Notes on Chapter 1 of ARQ
Notes on Chapter 1 of ARQ HNRS 2010
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Emily Clark on Friday August 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HNRS 2010 at Bowling Green State University taught by Dawn Shinew in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 36 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Critical Thinking in OTHER at Bowling Green State University.
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Date Created: 08/28/15
Asking the Right Questions Chapter 1 The Benefit and Manner of Asking the Right Questions Others insist we must do what they tell us we should do They tell us halftruths to get us to believe them People only tell us the Pro s not the Con s We must assert rational control of our beliefs and conclusions Awareness of a set of interrelated critical questions Ability to ask and answer these questions in an appropriate manner Desire to actively use the critical questions React critically to an essay textbook Write an essay based on a reading website etc assignment Judge the quality of a lecture or speech Participate in class Form an argument A common approach to thinking is similar to the way a sponge soaks up water A less common approach but the one we should all be using is panningforgold which stresses active interaction with knowledge as it is being acquired The best way to be an active reader and listener is to always ask questions for all purposes The use of critical thinking to defend your current beliefs The use of the same skills to evaluate all claims and beliefs especially your own Another way to think of this distinction is to contrast open and closedmindness They can be The basis of facts opinions and conclusions These are all shaped by your values of those around you People and society shape how we view and build our opinions p x Ideas that someone thinks are worthwhile Provide standards of conduct by which we measure the quality of human behavior The values that hold the most importance and have a major in uence on one s choices We value important people a concrete idea because we values status an abstract idea Our normal tendency to listen only to those with similar value priorities we have to fight this tendency Curiosity Autonomy Humility Respect As a Critical Thinker we must always act with confidence but leave room for the question Might I be wrong Critical thinking is a social activity We need to consider how others will react to out questions In critical thinking an argument is a very different term A combination of two forms of statements a conclusion and reasons allegedly supporting it The partnership between the two establishes a person s argument Make it clear to the other person that you simply want to learn and not spark a con ict Verbal Strategies 1 Did I hear you say to clarify your 5 Try to come together to find a understanding conclusion both could embrace 2 Is there any evidence that would change 6 Search for common values to find the your mind disagreement s blast point 3 Suggest a break to find the very best 7 As the discussion heats up remember evidence to support respective sides of you are a learner not a warrior th t C argumen 8 Remain humble in body language 4 Why do you think my evidence is too weak Maintain a friendly environment for communication It is easier to shoot down a hard question that to consider and respond to it The more hostile the environment the easier it is for arguments to turn into con icts As questions become more persistent the person is more likely to become defensive and end the argument
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