Soc 205 Week 2 Notes
Soc 205 Week 2 Notes Soc 205 002
Popular in Crime, Public Policy, and the Criminal Justice System
Popular in Sociology
Kaylee Renner MD
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Angelina Notetaker on Friday August 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 205 002 at University of New Mexico taught by Maria B. Velez in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see Crime, Public Policy, and the Criminal Justice System in Sociology at University of New Mexico.
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Date Created: 08/28/15
Soc 205 Week 2 Notes Research Methods Terminology 0 Reliability Stability and Consistency 0 Validity are we measuring what we thinking were measuring 0 External Validity whether results can be generalized to other populations 0 Internal Validity whether measure is accurately measuring what we think it is Official Crime Data 0 Data from a formal institution or a criminal Justice agency 0 For a crime to be counted in police reports 0 Crime must happen 0 Police must be notified of the crime 0 Police must record the crime File a report Total 6842593 19622977 Yes Reported 44 34 No did not report 54 65 0 There is always strengths and weakness of using Official Crime Data 0 There are problems with the way some crimes are defined I The FBI who disseminates crime datahas some definitions for what crimes are but the local jurisdictions might be more expansive I This is especially the case with sexual assault 0 UCR definition 2004 to 2013 O The carnal knowledge of a female forcibly and against her will 0 Assaults or attempts to forcibly rape are classified as Attempts to Commit Forcible Rape 2b 0 Not Classified by UCR 0 Not classified is statutory rape incest or other sex offenses and boy men are not classified because of gender 0 As of January 2013 there was a new definition added 0 Includes either male or female Victims or offenders 0 Includes Victim is incapable of giVing consent because of temporary or permanent mental or physical incapacity O Re ects the various forms of sexual penetration understood to be Rape 0 Still some local jurisdictions are more expansive which are shown with St Petersburg FL in 2011 90 221 0 Post 2013 is when mist states are now using the new definition and the rate of sexual assault will go up Crime Trend Substantive vs Methodological Reason 0 With the changed definition of sexual assault many 0 criminologist cannot use time differences when comparing crime trends because of the difference of definition from before 2013 to after 2013 0 Crime can go down if victims stop reporting to the police but if the police stop writing up their reports for crime the level of crime will also go down for lack of reports Major Sources of Official Data Is the UCR 0 Large database compiled by the FBI on index crimes reported and arrests made each year throughout the US 0 Part Index crimes are 0 Violent murder and non negligent manslaughter forcible rape robbery and aggravated assault 0 Property burglary larceny theft and motor vehicle theft Police could make their own statistical data on crime but only if they want too Drug crimes and white collar crimes are not in local reports because Drug crimes are under federal crimes white white collar crimes are not reported because they are more keep under the rug and not bought out to society s eye 0 It is a large database 0 No federal crimes 0 Can compare across the years 0 Reports are voluntary and vary in accuracy and completeness 0 Has the most serious crimes 0 Not all police departments submit reports 0 Relies on reported crimes so what happens with unreported crimes 0 Re ects police activity not crime MisMeasuring Crime 0 Inconsistent Coding Federal State and Local 0 Non reporting by victims and police 0 Crimes that we do not know about in official reports 0 Incompleteinaccurate data informs policy 0 Use Caution Victimization Surveys 0 Generally designed to be representative surveys of a particular location 0 Ask about experience regarding being the victim of a crime 0 Get at crime not reported to the police avoids non reporting bias 0 These surveys goes around the police and goes towards the peoples and their personal experiences 0 Self reports of victims and non victims Side Fact Men are most likely to victimize by a stranger then a women who are victimize by someone they may know National Crime Victimization Survey The Gold Standard of Surveys 0 How it works 0 Data is obtained nationally to represent households on the frequency characteristics and consequences of criminal victimization in the United States Each households is interviewed twice during the year but only from 12 years of age and older 0 Set of questions to figure out if respondent has been a victim of crime Did it happen Or did someone do it to you Type of Information on Event Gathered As Many As Have Happened 0 Location of event 0 How many times event happened 0 Time of day 0 Were people present during event 0 Information about offender if known age sex raceethnicity type of weapon used and relationship 0 If more than one offender ask questions about most of the offenders 0 Distress felt after the event such as being worried or anxious 0 Whether the victim resisted 0 Monetary Loss 0 Physical Injury Crime Measured by the UCR and NCVS Homicide exual Assault Rob Ro vated Assault vated Assault S39 le Assault Theft Theft B B Motor Vehicle Theft Motor Vehicle Theft Arson Strengths of NCVS 0 Accuracy and Reliability 0 Accounts for much more street crime 0 Situational Factors 0 Characteristics of offenders 0 Relationships 0 Tells us about the dynamics of notifying the police NCVS 0 Predictors of reporting to police 0 Completed offense 0 Injury 0 Stranger End of Week 2 notes 0 Important There is more to the NCVS notes Which Will be continued on to next week notes Week 3 So stay tune 0 Also Week 3 Notes Will hopefully be upload by next Friday or Saturday at the latest Thank you for using Studysoup
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