CDE 312- Week 1 Notes (8/25/15 and 8/27/15)
CDE 312- Week 1 Notes (8/25/15 and 8/27/15) CDE312
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ariana Ruof on Friday August 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CDE312 at Arizona State University taught by Jager in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see Adolescence in Sociology at Arizona State University.
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Date Created: 08/28/15
CDE 312 Lecture Notes Week 1 820 15827 15 0 82015 Goals and Framework for the Course 0 To learn about adolescence by building from bottom up 0 Three main categories for and individual behavioral change cognitive change and social change 0 Social Context families peers school and work 0 Developmental tasks Identity Autonomy Sexuality and Problem Behavior 0 Went over syllabus and got in our groups to discuss our articles 0 82515 Biological Transitions I 0 Three main sections 1 The neurobiological basis of puberty 2 Individual differences in timing and tempo 3 The social and psychological impacts of puberty O The neurobiological basis of puberty The endocrine system 0 Androgens and estrogens HPG axis Hypothalamus Pituitary Gonads 0 Regulates sex hormones 0 Works like a thermostat regulating heat 0 Hypothalamus releases GnRH lPituitary releases LH and FSHGonadsAndrogens and Estrogens 0 set point is raised leading to the onset of puberty 0 Individual differences in timing and tempo Scope of individual differences Ex Little League World Series some boys looked older than other boys of same age group Range of timing onset is different for everyone 0 Girls 7 to 13 years of age 0 Boys 95 to 135 years of age Range in tempo how fastslow puberty happens 0 Girls 15 to 6 years 0 Boys 2 to 5 years Reasons for individual differences 0 Genetic make up is the most important in uence 0 Environmental factors 0 Individual factors nutritionhealth 0 Household environment composition and climate 0 Ex A girl with a stepfather is more likely to go through puberty sooner Differences in culture economics and history 0 Secular trend timing and age of onset has declined significantly 0 The social and psychological impacts of puberty I Puberty s impact on social relationships 0 Family relationships 0 Onset of puberty associated with increase in family con ict 0 Also leads to adolescents distancing from parents 0 Over time the family system reaches a new equilibrium 0 Peer relationships 0 More physically mature adolescents are more likely to be involved in crosssex romantic activities 0 Puberty itself is not associated with platonic crosssex friendships 0 Early and late maturation 0 In boys Differences early maturing boys participate in more delinquent behavior while late maturing boys experience intellectual curiosity and social initiative 0 In girls Maturational deviance those who stand apart physically experience more psychological distress Developmental readiness the theory that the younger you are when you experience puberty the less ready you are to go through the changes Cultural desirability early maturing females tend to stray from society s version of beauty because they begin gaining weight sooner than late maturing females 0 Effects of late maturation 82715 Cognitive Transitions I Very little research has focused on the effects both short and long term of late maturation Some evidence that among males late maturations is linked to higher intellectual curiosity exploratory behavior and more social initiative Among females late maturing girls are more likely to go on to higher education 0 Two theoretical approaches on adolescent cognition I Piagetian theory of cognitive development I Information processing theory of cognitive development 0 Piagetian I Four cognitive stages sensorimotor preoperational concrete operational formal operational I Each stage consists of a distinct way of thinking I Quantitatively distinct O Qualitative v Quantitative I Qualitative change characteristics or qualities I Quantitative change numbers measurements 0 Sensorimotor stage I Birth2 years I Infants gain knowledge through physical actions or their senses 0 Preoperational stage I 27 years I children begin to use mental representations to make sense of the world 0 Concrete operational I 711 years I logical thinking replaces intuitive thought I new abilities include conservation and classification 0 Formal operational I 11 15 years I can conjure up hypothetical and abstract thinking and reason about it I not limited to actual concrete experiences or anchors of thought I hypothetical deductive reasoning I solving problems systematically trial and error 0 Information Processing Theory I Views cognitive changes as quantitative I Focuses on how abilities improve during adolescence 0 Attention 0 Memory 0 Speed 0 Organization 0 Metacognition 0 Why multiple models I By definition a model is a simplified version of that which it purports to model I Each model provides unique insights