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CIvil Service Reform

by: Leah Burkett

CIvil Service Reform PAD 3003-01

Marketplace > Florida State University > PAD 3003-01 > CIvil Service Reform
Leah Burkett
Public Administration in American Society
Jiasheng Zhang

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About this Document

an Introduction to the creation of Civil Services within American Society.
Public Administration in American Society
Jiasheng Zhang
Class Notes
Public Administration
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Leah Burkett on Saturday August 29, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PAD 3003-01 at Florida State University taught by Jiasheng Zhang in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 70 views.


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Date Created: 08/29/15
Civil Service reform 0 After Civil War but roots in the founding age Problems from Government Job Hired those that appointment were under Quali ed or not quali ed and Ony 20 reform didn t have the 391 cities efforts knowledge to Dorman Eaton 1823 accepted the Tenure 39 1899 Civil Service Merit system Chair of rst civil service AF 0 Future challenge of civil service CommiSSion draftEd the Pendleton civil service The Study of Administration Qy ACt0f1833 0 Not only personnel problems but also on organization and management in general Organized ef ciency and economy 0 Politicsadministration dichotomy further discussed by Goodnow 0 Main goals Search for greater democratic participation by the FT I In 99 hi 7 l v I r lm 1 r 39139 39 ll quoti 3915 39 w y individual oodrow wuson Application of science and specialized knowledge 18561924 and skills First of Public 0 Main Strategies Administrationquot quota Control corruption strict dichotomy quotHull Housequot by l she between politics and tried to provide public service tot eh administrationquot public by providing public housing she received a Nobel prize Scienti c Management Scienti cally selecting and developing workers to ensure their role Cooperation between mangers and workers 0 Logical visions of work and responsibilities 18561915 quotFather of Scienti c Bureaucracy managementquot 1 The principle of xed and of cial jurisdictional areas ordered by rules laws and administrative regulations 18641920 2 The principle of of ce Hierarchy 3 Administrative based on Written document 4 Division of Labor 5 Full working capacity of the Of cial in the of cial activity 6 The duty of following general rule in the of ce management Other signi cant Scholars It s the 0 s budgeting reform relationshi how budget would advance and provide control p between how budgets enhance legislative and executive the worker cooperation WINE and the How budgets ensure ef ciency Leonard White manager 0 textbook 18911958 that5 Administration is unitary process more important Is a art but transformance to a science Administration is the heart of modern management What is next Individual and behavior The giving or orders Found39ng father 9f gt Human relationship schooland Hawthorne experiment organizational Human relation school behaVIor New York City Bureau Of Municipal Research Established in Promoted ef ciency and ethics in government Conducted studies on government responsiveness and made recommendations for improvement Practices included rational analysis of work the use of quantitative measures unbiased evaluations record keeping planning and budgeting data collection and publicity of results Different Voices about Dichotomv Caleded faxes 39 from the rich to Ignored the realities of bureaucratic politics 4gt distribute the from distribution to reldIIStFIbUtI39U39lT money back to 0 Attack on the over Simplistic nature the poor or 1949 Government is politicsquot those on The TVA Tennessee Valley Authority provides navigation ood control Electricity generation fertilizer etc IT 1984 PA Research is grounded in political theory 1949 TVA managers quotcoopted elected of cials in implementation 1967 Wilson s Nations is normative The Politics Schoolquot argued that Politics is a part of administration inisration DiscretionWhy Agenda Setting the recognition of certain subject as a problem demanding further government attention Policy formulation Exploring options or alternatives available for addressing the problem Decisionmaking Deciding on a course of action whether to perpetuate the policy status quo or alter it Implementation Putting the decision into practice Evaluation Assessing the effectiveness of a policy in terms if tis intentions and results 1980 quot Include police of cers teachers social workers etc basically any public administration who regularly comes in direct contact with clients citizens They make policy provide public bene ts and keep order Their Discretionary power is needed for effective and ef cient government


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