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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Walther on Saturday August 29, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CLAS-C 102 at Indiana University taught by Gitner A in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 50 views. For similar materials see ROMAN CULTURE in Classical Studies at Indiana University.
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Date Created: 08/29/15
Roman Culture 82415 0 Roman culture had a huge environmental impact 0 It was the first and only state to occupy the area around the Mediterranean sea 0 You could send messages from one end of the empire to the other in a short amount of time 0 One of the strangest things to deal with the roman world is death and mortality 0 Death levels all 0 Life expectancy of a woman was 50 0 Average age for marriage was 1315 0 Roman culture was fixated on death 0 Roman funeral the dead man is being carried on a couch sitting up or reclining and a speech is given 0 Next wax masks were made and put in the house and when there was another funeral the relative that resembled the deceased wore it 82615 0 No longtime security 0 Changed way they approached risks 0 Obsession with death 0 Don t think of yourself as one person but as a member of a family 0 If you had a certain political career you would allowed to have wax images of your ancestors 0 VENVSTVSVenustus images decrypts a boat boats are very common in ancient graffiti 0 Lecture Theme the Mediterranean and getting around it 0 The saying all roads lead to Rome actually leads to the golden milestone statue 0 50000 miles of paved roads in the whole roman empire 0 Why is this region so special 0 How did this land shape the roman culture 0 Africa will eventually hit Italy causing volcanic activity 0 Region characteristics 1 Water millions of sq miles of sea not rich in fish Old and new humans lived here System of currents and breezes counterclockwise current travel safely in the summer months not in winter 2 Similarities across scale Sea is easier to travel than land help people get from one scale to another 3 peninsulas Spain Italy Balkan 3 Common climate olive cultivation defines climate thought civilized world ended when olive cultivation stopped need a climate with hot dry summers and wet rainy winters Transhumance moving cattle and sheep from one region to another connects regions because shepherds move around 4 Fragmentation Mountains separate city state from city state causes difference in trade and promotes interaction Plants will grow differently in certain areas because of climate will bring people together 5 Uncertainty variability of climate from year to year 0 Moving around the roman empire 0 Most expensive to travel by land least is traveling by sea rates vary depending where you live 0 Bring the sea inland by creating canals canals are even better for traveling 0 Horace s trip to Brundisium challenges were rest stops fires dysentery mosquitos eye problems eye parasite affected a lot of the roman population shopkeepers ripping him off indigestion stayed up all night waiting for a girl 82815 0 Archaic Italy ca 1000 500 BC 0 Being a peninsula defines Italy 0 Italy is not a natural unit 0 Created 1871 0 Rome acquired Sicle and Africa before Italy 0 Italy did not have much agricultural land good land were confined to plains mainly along the coast 0 The Apennines are a young mountain range 0 Region Latium has the Tiber river 3rd largest in Italy 0 The lakes are volcanic sacred places 0 Believed a lake was an entrance to the underworld 0 Phoenician and Greek colonization 900 600 BC 0 Two main drivers of civilization were the Greeks and Phoenicians 0 Rome was a no man s land 0 Etruria developed by the Etruscans 0 Very rich in medal 0 The Pyrgi Tablets An EtruscanPhoenician bilingual dedication to the goddess Astarte 0 Etruscans were famous for their tombs fresco 0 Etruscans piracy 0 The Monteleone chariot one of the most complete chariots ever found It shows how they burial rituals It s an example of their craftsmanship and their metal Greek mythology was depicted on it Midterm amp Final 0 It s the metal that made the Etruscans so important 0 The Greeks in southern Italy 700 400 BC 0 Greeks established trading colonies which ourished very quickly 0 Syracuse like an ancient New York City 0 The Greeks are known for their artistic development 0 Aes rude Early roman currency unshaped lump of bronze 500400 BC 0 Aes signatum 400300 BC