Art History 6C Modern - Contemporary
Art History 6C Modern - Contemporary
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This 3 page Reader was uploaded by Gabriela Lopez on Thursday May 1, 2014. The Reader belongs to a course at University of California Santa Barbara taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 90 views.
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Date Created: 05/01/14
Art History 6C May 01 2014 Lecture 10 Salons and Impressionism 0 Exhibition Structures 1 Salon of 1864 1881 considered the official Salon and was sponsored by the Government after 1881 Bougeureau and others take over calling it The National Salon and it was held in the Spring Salon des Refugees 1863 was government sponsored and appeased those who were rejected by the official Salon Impressionist Exhibitions 187486 Anonymous society of artists sculptors printmakers etc subscription to the society was required Salon des Independants 1884 founded by critics artists and dealers interested in progressive art There was no jury and to exhibit your art 4 canvases you would pay 10 Francs and it was held in the Spring Salon d Automne 1903 there was no jury and it was held in the fall Was established as progressive and features many foreign artists and major retrospectives forward thinking 0 1 Impressionist Exhibition Societe Anonyme 1 gt1 U 39gt Impressionist exhibition in 18741886 Anonymous society of artists sculptors and printmakers Works by Berthe Morisot s Hide and Seek Cezanne s A Modem Olympia And Camille Pissarro s Hoarfrost Pissarro likes to mostly paints scenes of peasants like Courbet Were exhibited they all had a painterly quality Impressionists weren t as controversial as others like Manet s works were At their exhibition they would actually sell some of their paintings even at low prices but they still would get bought 0 Impressionist work was always changing all artists who are under the Impressionist period did not paint in the same way and many of their paintings look different over the passage of time they used different techniques as well 0 For example Berthe Morisot s Summers Day 1879 and Hide and Seek 1873 1 2 3 Summers day has more of a tension on the surface of paint If seen closely the rapid brushstrokes sort of consume the subject matter In her Hide and Seek there is a balance between the paint and the subject 0 Monet s Rouen Cathedral in the fog noon 189394 1 Thick paint and the presence of the cathedral itself is sort of is diminished 2 The cathedral loses its materiality 0 Post Impressionism part 1 Van Gogh and Gaugin 0 Paul Cezanne 0 Georges Seurat 0 Paul Gaugin 0 Vincent Gaugin 0 These artists of the Post Impressionism took certain parts of what Impressionism was and they emphasized on expression through the use of color line pattering 0 They did not want to portray things as naturalistic but the emotional impact of what they SCC 0 Vincent Van Gogh 1 2 3 4 5 Night Cafequot 1888 entire canvas is covered in paint Shows the powers of darkness by the use of red and green and shows how the cafe and bars are places where one does not want to be there are drunks and just the loss of time Van Gogh was in pursuit of humble people and the purity in them Peasants were his focus and he even redid Millet s the Sower In his selfportrait we see his use of vivid colors and his painting style 0 Gaugin painted from memory this was one of the reasons why Van Gogh did not like him at times 1 He uses bright colors as well and he paints what he considers the peasants of Tahiti and Brittany Gaugin goes Primitive in many of his paintings showing the pastoral life and children with pigs His Spirit of the Dead Watching 1892 is his own representation of Manet s Olympia His use of very bright colors reinforces the exoticism in his paintings and the use of sole primary colors 0 Georges Seurat 1 2 Sunday Aftemoon on the Grande J atte 188486 Bourgeoisie people are the main subjects and they appear almost lifeless as they go through their leisure time His Circus Sideshow again shows no fun or motion looks as if the subjects are alienated The painting also looks at doesn t look like people do anything but are just there for the show He had an interest in vision and color He wanted to know how the eye perceived color and how color could be broken down to create an overall effect His work was very meticulous and specific and he practiced the technique which he called divisionism pointillism which made tiny bits into a whole 7 Colors were separated into individual dots or patches to interact optically with the Viewer s eye 0 Cezanne s Mont Sainte Victoire 188587 1 Cezanne was interested in the philosophical questions about how We know What We know What We see And What is there Is What We see a solid How do We differentiate 2 In this painting the mountain in the background looks solid but when looked at closer from the sides it does not look normal anymore there is a big empty leap 3 Used the technique of passage The blending of overlapping planes into one another
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