"We The People" Ch. 1 Notes & Key Terms
"We The People" Ch. 1 Notes & Key Terms POL_SC 1100 - 01
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by MoyDroog on Saturday August 29, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to POL_SC 1100 - 01 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by William Horner in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 38 views. For similar materials see American Government in Political Science at University of Missouri - Columbia.
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Date Created: 08/29/15
Poli Sci 1100 Book Notes We the People Tenth Edition by Ginsberg and Lowi Key terms are bolded Chapter 1 Intro The Citizen and Government Government formal institutions through which a land and its people are ruled American political valuesliberty equality democracy Trust in government has declined Political Efficacy belief that ordinary citizens can affect what government does this is in decline as well gt low efficacy fuels a cycle if apathy gt low voter turnout Citizenship based on political knowledge and participation Citizenship informed and active membership in a political community Voting is the basis of citizenship Digital citizenship informed via the internet Forms of Government are defined by power and freedom Authoritarian pays little attention to popular preferences tends to hold power through violence government recognizes no formal limit but may nevertheless be restrained by the power of other social institutions Totalitarian government recognizes no formal limit on its power and seeks to absorb or eliminate other social institutions that may challenge it Democracy allows citizens to play a significant role in the government process usually through elected officials Constitutional Government democratic norm Formal and effective limits are placed on the power of the government Limits on government encouraged freedom Bourgeoisie challenged aristocrats Advocated electoralrepresentative institutions Expansion of participation in America changed the political balance Expansion of voting rights Goal of politics is having a say in what happens Politics conflicts amp struggle over the leadership structure and policies of government Power influence over a government39s leadership organization or policies Representative democracy republic a system of government in which the populace selects representatives who play a significant role in government decisionmaking Direct democracy system in which citizens vote directly on laws and policies Identity of Americans has Changed Over Time lmmigration and Increasing Ethnic Diversitygtintense debate Major concern for Americans what would Immigrants bring Are their values compatible with American democracy As immigration from various regions of the world grew religious diversity did as well 1890 Congress established a quota system for immigrants from different regions Eg Northern Europeans received large quotes while SouthernEastern Europeans received small quotas By 1970 foreign born population of US was 5 an alltime low Changing Government criteria for racial classificationgt America39s changing identity US progressively integrates racial groups into the population Native Americans Blacks Asians Hispanics quotWho is Americanquotgthot question Lines for racial identification are blurring Religious diversity is growing Increasing life expectancy means an aging populationgt problem working population is increasing and retired SocialSecurityreceiving population is increasing Rapid Urbanization is occurringgt congressional representation is disproportionate US Has entered a quotnew gilded agequot where top 1 take 20 of all income highest ever Top 10 take over 50 ogt shrinking middle class There39s a fear that immigrants will change American values even though immigration has been taking place since the countries founding America Liberty Equality Democracy Liberty means freedom Liberty freedom from government control as well as economic freedom Limited government powers of government are limited and defined by constitution Liberty relates to this closely Bill of Rights preserve individual liberty gt economic freedom free market capitalism and protection of private property Laissezfaire capitalism free market capitalism with minimal regulation from the national government on private property even if the regulations is for the public good gtstill popular in the US but many support government regulation for public good Equality means treating people fairly Equality of Opportunity idea that all people should have the freedom to use the talents and wealth they have to reach their fullest potential Should past inequality be remedied in order to insure the present equality Liberty limits government equality obligate it Political vs Socialeconomic equality Political equality right to participate in politics equally quotOne person one votequot Americans are more concerned with political rather than socialeconomic inequality because they see the latter as the consequence of individual actions Democracy means that what people want matters Popular Sovereignty political authority rests ultimately in the hands of the people American democracy Majority rules and minority rights Follows preference of majority but protects interests of the minority Bill of rights provides a check on the power of the majority
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