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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Taylor Martin on Saturday August 29, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 1060 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by Joseph Kidd in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 326 views. For similar materials see Classical Mythology in Classical Studies at University of Missouri - Columbia.
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Date Created: 08/29/15
Classical Mythology Week 1 Chapter 13 Greece timeline 0 Bronze Age at this time palaces were popular and it is suggested that it was a matriarchal society snakes were also very popular in the culture Linear B was the writing of this age 0 3000 BCE o 2000 BCE o 1000 BCE I Trojan War 118039s 0 Dark Ages 0 Homers I 8th century wrote the story of the Trojan War 0 Hesiod I 8th century wrote the story of the creation of the gods 0 Classical Period 500 BCE Pindar SophoMes Aeschylus Euripides Plato 300 BCE o Hellenistic Period 0 Alexander the Great 0 Great Library of Alexandria o Apollonius O O O O O O 0 Chapter 1 Why all the fuss 0 Answer Greece was a little country with a big attitude it would challenge armies bigger than themselves and it held many important cities regarding mythology such as Mount Olympus Troy and Crete Ancient Greece most vaulted products was olives and grapes They had many uses for example olive oil and wine People would Trade and ship these items to many places The ocean was important part of mythology since there were many gods whose stories revolved around the ocean and the island as well Important islands included Zakynthos island 0 Thera island 0 Crete o bassae and Delphi 0 sanctuary of Apollo The Parthenon 0 Temple of Athens O Greek culture one long legacy the Greek culture has made a history for itself all around the world For example 0 The Jefferson memorial 0 based off temples of the gods o The columns in Columbia Missouri and turkey 0 based on of columns in Greece o The first democracy was established in Athens 0 Greece introduced professional playwriting and acting Competition was important in Ancient Greece the biggest competition created by Greece was the Olympics 0 Olympics began in Greece in 766 BCE these competition were quite different from the one we have today at this time the o The Greek Olympics ran for nearly 1200 years until Christian emperors ended them The modern Olympics that we have today been revived in 1898The first beauty contest were held in Ancient Greece There were also playwriting competitions The continuation of Greek ideas shows up in standards of beauty fashion literature culture and brand names For example George Washington had a statue that was based of Zeus 40 ft statue that used to be in the temple of Zeus As well as Plantation homes in the south were based of Greek structures People have also unknowingly or knowingly recreate images from Greek statue or pictures in the fashion Greeks on campus also feature Greek letters Brands that feature Greek mythology include 0 Nike 0 Goddess of Victory Pandora Starbucks 0 logo features a siren Trojan condoms Versace 0 logo features medusa Even our modern language uses words derived from Greek mythology such as o Narcissistic o Laurels o Adonis o Achilles heel Chapter 2 What do myths mean Is there truth to the stories Myths are based on parts history but with a twist Myth involves many things 0 Religion god39s interaction with humans the afterlife etc o Etiological myth explain causeorigin 0 entertainment fairytales love stories Some just defy explanation Controversial themes include o sexualassau o incest 0 same sex relationships 0 Greeks did not distinguish between race or sexual orientation 0 male dominationmisogyny 0 males told the stories and made the laws 0 extreme violence Chapter 3 Myth of creation Hesiod was a farmer lived around 700 BCE it is not really known when he started writing but his main works included o 1 Works of Days 0 A sort of biography that talked about his life as a farmer o 2 Theogony o The Genesis of the Gods In his account of Theogony he opens with asking the Muses were the gods come from According to the Muses it comes from blackness or khaos then suddenly came the birth of 5 gods 0 Ge 0 Gaia or Mother Earth 0 Tartarus o A black hole inside Mother Earth 0 Erebus o A black hole within Tartarus o Nyx 0 Night 0 Eros o The god of procreation o Erebus mates with Nyx and creates 0 Air 0 Day Ge by herself then reproduces o Ouranos 0 Mountain 0 Deep sea Ge mates with her son Ouranos and they produced 0 Cyclopes 0 one eyed giants o Hecatonchires o 100 handed 50 headed giants o 12 Titans 0 Six girls and six boys I Coeus I Cronus I Crius I Hyperion I lapetus Oceanus Mnemosyne Phoebe Rhea Theia Themis Tethys Important children of the Titans These are the children of titans Hyperion and theia o Helios the oldest sun god before Apollo who drove a fiery chariot across the sky He is said to have piercing eyes a handsome face and golden hair dazzling features like Rays of sunshine 0 He is connected to the Colossus of Rhodes That stood for 54 years before it fell in 226 BCE during an earthquake it is said the creator committed suicide after it fell Recently the statue was signed to be rebuilt o Helios had a sin named Phaethon o Phaethon was the son of the sun god but has never met his father and instead lives with his mother one day the kids are teasing him and he ask his mother is he his true son She tells him to go to his father temple and ask him and when he does Helios is kind and grants him one wish Phaethon asks can he drive his father chariot Helios tries to convince him not to but Phaethon insists and Helios can39t go back on his word So he lets Phaethon ride his chariot but it gets out control and goes higher and higher burning the earth which explains the creation of deserts and Zeus strikes him down killing him 0 Selene is the moon goddess one night she goes out and finds the beautiful Endymion sleeping and falls hopelessly in love with him they soon become lovers and had 50 children However because of her blind love for Endymion Selene became distracted from herjob and the gods told her she needs to stop but to in love she didn t The gods puts a sleeping spell on him for eternity and Zeus kindly made him immortal and eternally youthful and told her she can see him every night 0 Eos also called rosy fingered opens the gates of dawn She was known to sleep around with many of the gods One day she was caught by Aphrodite sleeping with Aries who was Aphrodite s lover and Aphrodite curses her to fall in love with the human man she meets Tithonus and steals him away but he ages and she ask Zeus gives him immorality but forgets to ask for eternal youth he39s ages forever Soon he shriveled up and old Eos then transforms him into a grasshopper O Ouranos becomes the ruler of the heavens but begins to fear the Titans will take over especially his son Cronus to stop them he buries them in Ge Worried for her children Ge plots with Cronus to overthrow him so she give him a knife made from metal in her body and hides him under her as Ouranos come to have sex with her Cronus jumps out and cuts of his penis o Ouranos blood creates giantess and furies goddesses of vengeance His penis fall into the sea and wind up in the island of Kypros and Aphrodite is born from sea foam and his penis o Cronus becomes ruler and marries his sister Rhea their children included I Hestia Hades Demeter Poseidon Hera Zeus
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