Developmental Psychopathology Week 1
Developmental Psychopathology Week 1 PSYC4430
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Chloe Notetaker on Saturday August 29, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC4430 at Tulane University taught by Laura Niditch in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 38 views. For similar materials see Developmental Psychopathology in Psychlogy at Tulane University.
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Date Created: 08/29/15
Introduction to Developmental Psychopathology 08272015 Why study 0 Prevalence of mental disorder worldwide 0 Depending on statisticregion 6 of population has severe disorder that bars them from participating in society moderate to severe forms 20 and most liberal classi cation including phobiasmanageable learning disorders over 30 0 Global burden of disease quotDALY squot disability adjusted life years health economists invented this formula how much does the condition that you have really cost 0 Mental disorders with biggest impact 510 depression 1 or 2 0 Most adult disorders begin in childhoodteens and most childadolescent conditions persist well beyond adolescence in some form Fundamental questions 0 What is normal 0 How do brain and mind develop in tandem with context and culture Children and Childhood 0 Childhood a relatively recent construction 0 Not much of a conception of this period for most of human history 0 Middle ages renaissance Work before 6 Many children sold into slavery Planned marriage The Bake Chyldren 1545 Phaire First of cial book about children 0 Few Cultures viewed childhood as distinctprotected 0 Most children died at birth or within rst couple of years 0 Still true in many parts of the world today 0 Limited investment inattachment to children 0 Art of many cultures children as miniature adult 0 Child labor needed for survival of culture 0 Stubborn child laws Massachusetts If you convince a judge that your child is stubborn enough the punishment could be death 0 Now we have maltreatment laws in every state More Recently Modern era 0 Formal study of child psychology late 19th century 0 Adolescence as separate period 1904 65 Hall Still most cultures have recognized it unof cially 0 Child guidance clinics did not start until 1920 s 0 Child clinical psychology and childadolescent psychiatry have lagged behind adult counterparts IF the subject matter 0 Huge rates of maltreatment neglect abuse throughout history 0 lntergenerational nature of abuse 0 Battered child syndrome 1962 radiologists discover 0 19621972 all states pass child abuse laws Things are changing fast 0 DSM 0 First edition DSM1 in 1952 2 categories of child conditions Adjustment reaction schizophrenia reaction to cthhood o DSM5 in 2013 100 pages of conditions rst evident in childhood 0 Today it s a quothard sciencequot blended with empathy and clinical skills 0 Developmental psychopathology began in the 1980 s 0 Intentional blend of child psychology clinical psychology child psychiatry De ning Mental Disorder 0 Multiple modes and paradigms exist 0 1 Statistical Model 0 Abnormal as literally abnormal meaning what deviates from the norm which is equivalent to placement on the bell curve 0 Many forms of abnormal behavior de ned this way depression ADHD like hypertension with medicine 0 Issues with statistical rarity as a criterion how far is too far from the mean arbitrary Which direction is deviant High v low Sometimes common events are not healthy I Tooth decay child abuse sexual assault Sometimes rare events are positive creativity 0 2 Social NormsSocial Deviance model 0 Abnormal behavior is behavior that violates social codes or social norms o Societies de ned by compliance v deviance Punishment for those who don t follow such codes which reinforces those who do 0 Problems Relativistic each culture has own de nitions a Sociology Durkheim example Used for political control n USSR antisocialist personality those who did not adhere to socialist beliefs Hard to imagine that this is adequate science of psychopathology 3 Moral Model 0 Extension of social norm model into religious ethical domains 0 Throughout history perhaps the predominant view of quotmental iHnessquot Demonology possession by evil or animal spirits o Outmoded today Vote of American Psychiatric association 1973 unclassi ed homosexuality as a mental illness Homelessness 4 ImpairmentEcological Model 0 Amounts of disability and impairment that a person experiences that are the real indicator of disorder High activity levels v hyperactivity n Includes academicsocialfamily atmospheres Impairment built into most DSM de nitions 0 Ecological perspective t between individual and context Psychotic behavior in shamanmystic v industrial era culture Implication is that the same individual if in a supportive v amplifying setting would be nondisordered in the rst and disordered in the second 0 5 Medical Model 0 Mental disorder as disease state Symptomsign Syndrome Disorderdisease n Disorder syndrome with a unifying cause 0 But complex de nitions even in medicine 0 Lack of valid criterion measures in abnormal psychology 0 Big hope is that this view destigmatizes mental illness If an illness cannot blame in theory But this might not be the case 0 6 Harmful dysfunction model 0 Model ofJerome Wake eld mental illness must incorporate two facets Harm violates social norms incurs personal impairment Dysfunction in naturally selected mental mechanism 0 Thus socialcultural PLUS evolutionaryuniversal criteria 0 It s an attempt to blend relativistic plus universal aspect but do we precisely know what the naturally selected mechanisms of behavior are 0 7 Developmental Psychopathology 0 quotmental disorderquot re ects deviations in development shaped by both biological risk and context unfolding over time 0 Most accurate to date but hard to build into a set of bullet points Behavior as uid muti determined biological and contextual at multiple levels Point of this course is to see how this model works 0 7 main principles of DP
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