Psyc4220 Week 2 Notes
Psyc4220 Week 2 Notes PSYC 4220
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Caitlin Conner on Saturday August 29, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 4220 at University of Georgia taught by Kacy Welsh in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 60 views. For similar materials see Developmental Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Georgia.
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Date Created: 08/29/15
PSYC 4220 WEEK 2 NOTES August 24 2015 StructuredLaboratory Observation observe participants in lab or elsewhere under carefully created conditions Pros Easier to study infrequent behaviors Situation is the same for all participants allowing you to compare them Better able to determine causes of behavior Cons Not as realistic so harder to generalize to real world Psychophysiological Methods examine relationship between physiological responses and behavior Heart rate very sensitive to emotional responses EEG electroencephalogram measures brain wave activity by attaching electrodes to scalp fMRl using powerful magnetic eld produces detailed 3D image of brain Expensive hard to do with infants have to stay still Pros Very useful for infantstoddlers who cannot verbally report emotionalcognitive experiences Can allow direct look at how brain functions reacts and develops Cons Hard to interpret exactly what physiological changes mean Developmental Research Designs See pages 3341 for review of basic research design information CrossSectional Design Children in different age groups measured at the same time Compare memory of group of 7 year olds 9 year olds amp 11 year olds Pros Relatively fast and inexpensive to conduct Cons Cohort effect effect of being born in one historical context Cohort group of people born same time exposed to similar culture amp historical contexts while growing up No information about development of individual participants Longitudinal Design Same group of participants measured at different ages Test child s memory when they re 7 9 amp 11 Pros Can study development of individual participants Can examine relationships between early and later behavior No concern about cohort effects Cons CrossGenerational Problem hard to generalize to groups not part of cohort Expensive time consuming lnitial questions measures may become uninterestinginadequate Participants may be lost over timeattrition Participants may be affected by repeated testing SequenUalDeggn Combines crosssectional longitudinal approaches Follows 2 or more cohorts for short longitudinal pedod Pros Can separate effects due to development cohort effects and reduce crossgenerational problem Cons More costly and time consuming than crosssectional deggn Can be very complex Basic Issues in Human Development Nature vs Nurture which has more impact on development our genes or our environment Activity vs Passivity Are children active or passive in their own development Children contribute to own development vs development is molded by others Continuity vs Discontinuity Do we develop gradually or do we develop in sudden abrupt stages Continuityquantitative change Gradual Ex Tree Discontinuityqualitative change Develop in stages Ex Butter y Universality vs ContextSpeci c Do we develop in the same way or is development different for each person or for different groups Developmental Psychology Today Less extreme positions most people in middle on developmental issues More are eclectic More emphasis on quotminitheoriesquot that try to explain one speci c aspect of development August 26 2015 In class activity group work August 28 2015 Movie
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