Week One Notes
Week One Notes PSYCH 280
Popular in Psych Childhood and Adolescence
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sydney Shields on Saturday August 29, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYCH 280 at Kansas State University taught by Mark Barnett in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 146 views. For similar materials see Psych Childhood and Adolescence in Psychlogy at Kansas State University.
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Date Created: 08/29/15
PSYCH 280 Psychology of Childhood and Adolescence Week 1 Notes August 26 2015 Theories Relevant to Child Development Old philosophical views NATURE Kant Rouseav 9 stages of mental developmental built in capacities NURTURE Hume Locke tabola rasa 9 neutral early on amp molded Blank slate Behaviorism Social Observational Learning 1 Classical Pavlovian Conditioning Bell CS 9 Food VCS 9 Salivation UCR 9 built in relationships V Classical aversive condition 9 Watson s to generalization Fear DoorKnob White Rat Sa nta s Bea rd 2 Instrumental Operant Conditioning Thorndike s Law of Effect Reinforcement reward punishment These are relative terms 9 you have to understand how someone thinks about something What is negative reinforcement 9 Take away something they don t like Watson s views amp childrearing book 1928 3 Cognitive Development 9 NATURE view Stages of development 9 set steps of stages no stage regression and no stage skipping Piaget Kohlberg Assumption about stages of development They are not necessarily concerned with the differences between subjects Freudian Psychodynamic Psychoanalytic Personality structures Id Libidual psychic energy Seeks immediate gratification Motivated by pleasure principle Superego Defense Mechanisms repression Internallzed parent consc1ence 9 rules central aggress1on denial projection sublimation Ego healthiest suppression Rational personality structure Constantly using these is bad but defenseless the problems Defense mechan1sms become too much Psychosexual Stages 01 Oral 15 Anal 36 Phallic Oedipale electra con icts 612 Latency 12 Genital Problems in Development Fixation of libidinal energy at a stage Ex Oral 9 overeating biting fingernails smoking anal overly neat or messy OCD Criticism Extension of Freud s Views Neo New Freudians Ego psychogists 9 ego can have its own energy Erickson s 8 Stages of Man Freud s Psychosexual Stages Erickson s Psychosocial Stages 01 Oral Trust vs Mistrust 13 Anal Autonomy vs ShameDoubt Most Psychoanalytics do not have any research on their theories and they are all mostly therapists A Brief ComparisonContrast of the Theoretical Perspectives Topic 1 Education 9 encourage repeat and serve as a role model Behavioral Social Observational Learning Use of models reinforcement and punishment to sham child s learning Token economy Premack Principle 9 if you know well enough about the childperson use what they like to do as a reinforcement Issue of extrinsic vs intrinsic reward 9 is one is overused the other is undermined Cognitive Developmental Child must be maternally ready to profit from learning experience Psychodynamic Teach child to sublimate psychiclibidinal energy into learning Topic 2 Play Psychodynamic 3 purposes of play BehavioralSocial Observational Learning Can shape gender appropriate play Cognitive Developmental Role of play in cognitiveintellectual development role of play in normal development