Week 1 Notes - HIST 1302
Week 1 Notes - HIST 1302 Hist 1302
Popular in History of U.S. since 1865
Popular in History
This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Amanda Haynes on Saturday August 29, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Hist 1302 at University of Texas at El Paso taught by Ransom P. Cross in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 104 views. For similar materials see History of U.S. since 1865 in History at University of Texas at El Paso.
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Date Created: 08/29/15
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their culture 1 4th generation slaves had lost their language and beliefs a They only knew slavery Northerners wanted slaves freed for two reasons 1 Moral Standpoint a Several Northerners believed slavery was morally wrong because no human being should be viewed as property by another 2 Economic Standpoint a Northerners wanted to rid the South of free labor so their profit margins and wealth would not be higher than that of the North However African Americans were not welcome in the North 1 Forced to create their own separate societies from the whites in order to survive Week 1 HIST 1302 III Proclamation of Amnestv and Reconstruction of the South A Southern states were required to 1 Abolish slavery 2 State and oath of allegiance to the Union a Especially Confederate officials B It was first implemented in Louisiana Arkansas and Tennessee due to the fact that they had the least amount of slaves 1864 C Reconstruction spread rapidly through the south in 1865 1 Union would aid South in rebuilding the cities destroyed in the war D Many Republicans opposed Abraham Lincoln 3 Reconstruction plans 1 They thought he was being too lenient 2 They wanted to provide the former slaves with equality E Radical Republicans came up with their own Reconstruction plan 1 WadeDavis Reconstruction Bill a Gave former slaves political and economic power 1 The Radical Republicans thought that they could easily manipulate the African Americans to do what they wanted them to do b Required that Confederate officials partake in oaths of loyalty 2 Vetoed by Lincoln IV Andrew Johnson and Reconstruction A After Lincoln was assassinated the radical Republicans thought Johnson would go along with their plans for Reconstruction 1 They were sorely disappointed B Johnson created and pursued his own policy D Week 1 HIST 1302 1 Distributed amnesty to virtually all of the Confederacy a With the exception of Confederate Officials 2 All the Southern states had to draft new state Constitutions a Including the abolition of slavery within them 3 Former slaves and upper class whites were excluded from the profits of Reconstruction Republicans were not found of Johnson s plans 1 They still believed that former slaves should be included in politics and the economy Several Southern states were shocked and attempted to refused to add the abolition of slavery to their constitutions nor ratify the 13th Amendment E F 1 They did ratify the amendment after threats of military occupation by the North Former Confederates were deeply involved in their perspective state governments 1 These individuals and many others thought that the former slaves should still be slaves therefore many states passed the Black Codes a A form of quasislavery virtual slavery 1 Designed to separate whiteblack relations 2 Former slaves were free to go however they had nowhere to go 3 Solution a They could stay and continue to do the work they had done previously and get paid b Because they were no longer slaves they had to pay for food clothes rent etc c The former slaves could never leave because they would always be in debt with the plantation owner North response to Black codes Week 1 HIST 1302 1 Disgusted by them 2 Republicans put the South under military control in an attempt to stop the Black Codes a Poor often illiterate whites were extended suffrage b The New government repealed the Black Codes 1 Unfortunately the Black Codes were still used widely throughout the South V Advent of Congressional Reconstruction A The military occupation of the south was not working 1 By 1865 Republicans were determined to take control of the South and institute strong federal control in order to protect African American s rights a The Republicans refused to acknowledge any new state government or its leaders Con ict commenced between the President Johnson and Congress 1 Congress was overstepping its boundaries and partaking in roles reserved for the president a They overruled the Johnson s veto and extended the life of the Freedmen s Bureau 1 Defined freedmen as citizens with equal legal rights 14th Amendment 1865 1 It states that all individuals born in the United States are United States citizens 2 This amendment includes a Due Process Clause b Equal Protection Clause 0 Privacy Week 1 HIST 1302 D Debate over Reconstruction carried over to the elections of 1866
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