HLTH 2000 - Intro to Public Health - Notes from Week1
HLTH 2000 - Intro to Public Health - Notes from Week1 HLTH 2000
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Logan Amon on Saturday August 29, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HLTH 2000 at Ohio University taught by Heather Harmon in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 144 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Public Health in Public Health at Ohio University.
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Date Created: 08/29/15
HLTH 2000 Intro to Public Health Notes from Week 1 O 09 O 09 Instructor Heather Harmon 08242015 08282015 WHAT IS PUBLIC HEALTH 0 Public health is the science of protecting and improving the health of families and communities through promotion of healthy lifestyles research for disease and injury prevention and detection and control of infectious disease 0 Overall public health is concerned with protecting the health of entire populations These populations can be as small as a neighborhood and as big as a nation 0 The fulfillment of society s interest in assuring the conditions in which people can be healthy 0 Organized community efforts aimed at the prevention of disease and the promotion of health 0 CORE FUNCTIONS OF PUBLIC HEALTH 1 Monitor health status to identify community health problems 2 Diagnose and investigate health problems and health hazards in the community Inform educate and empower people about health issues Mobilize community partnerships to identify and solve health problems Develop policies and plans that support individual and community health efforts I Examples of public health policies tobacco free areas seat belt laws Enforce laws amp regulations that protect health amp ensure safety Link people to needed personal health services and assure the provision of health care when otherwise unavailable I Example no health insurance gt no doctor gt become sick Assure a competent public health and personal healthcare workforce Evaluate effectiveness accessibility and quality of personal and populationbased health services gt Public Health Approach 1 2 3 4 Define the health problem Identify the risk factors associated with the problem Develop and test communitylevel interventions to control or prevent the cause of the problem Implement interventions to improve the health of the population Monitor the interventions to assess their effectiveness gt PUBLIC HEALTH VS MEDICAL CARE 0 focuses on individual patients 0 patient is the entire community I Community can be broken down into groups such as children pregnant women elderly cities states regions occupations etc 0 Public health diagnoses the health of communities 339 SEAT BELT REGULATION o 2012 cost of nonfatal crash injuries 50 Billion 0 Leading cause of death among teens 0 Young adults have the highest crash rates of all adults 0 Seat belts reduce injuries and death by about half 339 PUBLIC HEALTH PREVENTION AND INTERVENTION o before the event I Example getting the HPV vaccine to lessen the chance of a woman develo ing cervical cancer 0 d minimize effect of the event on the individual I Exam le a smear to catch cervical cancer at an early stage 0 minimize disability individual s reaction to event I Example making sure a woman with cervical cancer gets the information and treatment she needs 339 LEADING CAUSES OF DEATH 0 What were the leading causes of death in the 1900 s I Infectious diseases 0 What are the leading causes of death today in the US I Chronic diseases 0 What has caused this shift I Longer life span vaccines antibiotics to protect us from infectious diseases fresh water new technology healthier habitslifestyles and access to healthier foods SAMPLE TEST QUESTION Q What are the Core Functions of Public Health Answer is at the end of notes 339 20TH CENTURY ACHIEVEMENTS IN PUBLIC HEALTH Vaccinations Motor vehicle safety Control of infectious diseases Healthier mothers and babies Safer and healthier foods Safe work places Family planning Fluoridation of drinking water Recognition of tobacco use as a health hazard 000000000 339 TERMS AND DEFINITIONS 0 different for each individual a dynamic state or condition of the human organism that is multidimensional in nature a resource for living and results from a person s interactions with adaptions from their environment 0 a group of people living in the same place or having a particular characteristic in common 0 the health status of a defined group of people or community and the actions and conditions that protect and improve the health of the community 0 health outcomes of a group of individuals including the distribution of such outcomes within the group 0 health problems issues and concerns that transcend national boundaries I may be in uenced by circumstances or experiences in other countries I best addressed by cooperative actions and situations SAMPLE TEST ANSWER A Assessment Policy Development and Assurance Hope you all have a great weekend see you in class next week