history 1100 History 1100
Popular in Survey of American History to 1865
Popular in History
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sandra Chrapah on Saturday August 29, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to History 1100 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by John Wigger in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 48 views. For similar materials see Survey of American History to 1865 in History at University of Missouri - Columbia.
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Date Created: 08/29/15
History 1100 Columbus as a case study 0 Born in c1450 in Genoa Italy or in Spain 0 or maybe not 0 He was ambitious about becoming part of the nobilityHow to be rich and famous European expansion 0 the Black Death plague and hundred years war 13371453 devastated much of Europe 0 Population growth and commodity prices rebounded after c1450 o This growth continued into the 16th century Early exploration 0 Canary Islands colonised by spain C 1402 o Azores colonised by Portugal 15th century trade and exploration Voyages of Zheng He 0 Zheng He 1371 c to 143335 0 Court Eunich and a muslim in early Ming Dynasty 0 Seven voyages to India Africa Middle East 14051433 c 1405 fleet 317 ships 28000 crewmen Columbus s Theory 0 ateanh 0 It s a myth Greeks accurately measured the earth in 3rd century BC Charlemagne Holy Roman Empire 742814 0 Columbus underestimated the world s circumference by the third 16000 25000 Inventing the flat earth 0 The myth of a flat earth was invented in the 19th century 0 Fit the believe in progress and the triumph of science over religion 0 The founding of America represented progress and enlightenment c He never sailed around the world Justification of Columbus s Voyage 0 Quest for new islands 0 search for a new continent the antipodes opposite the US o Passage to Asia 0 Religious missions columbus was immersed in the 15th century millennialism including retaking of Jerusalem He claimed to hear a celestial voice He wrote the book of Prophecies Motivations for the journey to the new worlds 0 Adventures Conquistadors Jamestown Va mostly o Colonists or localists plymouth pilgrims Massachusetts Puritans o Missions Franciscans in the Southwest Jesuits in Canada First Settlers in North America 0 Indians of North America 0 population of Western Hemisphere about 5075 million in 1492 o 7 10 million North of Mexico Columbian Exchange Americans to Europe and Africa 0 Food crops Avocado maize beans peanuts cashew peppers pineapple potato sweet potatoes squashes and pumpkin tomatoes 0 Animals Dog one breed turkey goose guinea pig nutria Llama o Diseases syphilis Europe and Africa to America 0 Food Apple citrus fruit Asian rice banana coffee melon watermelon oats onion pea lentil root vegetables sugarcane wheat 0 Animals Cat cattle chicken dog donkey horse goat sheep honey bee pig 0 Disease Bubonic plague chickenpox smallpox cholera diphtheria gonorrhea influenza malaria measles measles mumps scarlet fever whooping cough yellow fever Impact of contact on Native Populations o Epidemic Disease four disease pool Africa Asia and the Americas European animal 0 forced labor As governor of hispaniola Columbus began enslaving the Tainos Indians 0 Native population of central Mexico fell from 25 million in 1520 to 850000 in 1608
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