Intro to Psychology
Intro to Psychology PSY 1010
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mary Katherine O'Guin on Saturday August 29, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 1010 at University of Tennessee - Chattanooga taught by Paul J Watson (P) in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 253 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Tennessee - Chattanooga.
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Date Created: 08/29/15
Lecture One Basic amp Applied Psvcholoqv Psychology is a discipline or field of study that attempts to explain the causes of persons through the scientific method Psychology acts mostly as a Basic Science the goal is to create new knowledge for its own sake As a Basic Scientist the goal is to expand the light and reduce the darkness the whole purpose is enlightenment The ultimate goal is to create a Bank of Knowledge Psychology is also an Applied Science The goal is to apply what we already know to the solution of real world problems Clinical psychology is an example What was said here Q Applies to all Sciences 0 Combination is unusual Examples physiologyphysics Basic Science Medicine engineering Applied Science 0 Too simple only basic sciences discover and only applied sciences apply NO it is more complicated Lecture Two Frustrations Three sources of frustration in psychology 1 Language very complicated 2 Things are complex they will tell you this 3 Disagreement psychologists say go one way and then say go the other The things that unite psychologists 1 persons they cannot define the word person to where they all agree on it key concept Abortion When does a person Begin reflects values Euthanasia Mercy Killings When does a person end Psychologists are experts in persons since different psychologists define the person differently they are experts in different things this problem has a real world impact on Q Humanistic psychologist has a moral obligation 0 Christian psychologists adultery is a sin repent rethink but he could be forgiven and if it doesn t work out get a divorce influenced by values 0 Science will never solve this problem 0 limits on science 0 all scientist reject the suggestion of freedom 0 These kinds of problems are very common 0 people use the same word but with different meanings O Lover are experts in love but since love means different things to different people we are experts in different kinds of love 2 causes The problem is not definitionalcause can be defined Cause effect An antecedent that leads to a consequence A before leading to an After Necessary element in explanation Almost all psychologists agree that person are caused by variables a variable is anything that can vary Between person variables within person variables Amount of sex hormones in the blood supply it varies Things are complex There are so many causes out there some psychologist just want to simplify things which makes them excellent scientists Principle of Parsimony you should explain the most with the least they will disagree with what is really important The NatureNurture controversy Psychologist 1Nature things are simple if you can explain how the body fully works you can explain the person fully Psychologist 2Nurture things are simple you learn to become who you are as a person due to the things you expenenceinl e Not just two cause they are really five causes 0 Model of Causality scientific question What is the cause of the person five basic answers to the questionbook 1 Physiopersonal Physiology functioning of the body Small and Large Structures can study one specific part of the body or an entire system of the body for entire career 2 Intrapersonal within personmind Brain physical structure can touch it Mind feelings desiree beliefs reason opinion mental events Persons are organized as a narrative Psychologists believe you need to understand the narrative of the person in order to understand the person as a whole 3 Interpersonal Between personsrelationships with significant others a person with whom you share a face to face relationship They have an impact on you Mother Father Sister Brother etc caused by the people you spend time with people who affect you you hangout with bad company you become bad company 4 Metapersonal More highly organized patterns of relationship associated with culture amp history your life is scripted by you but also by culture and history You are caused by when and where you are born It gives you opportunities that others might not be available to others in different places Your life is caused by people you have not met and cannot meet This is the most important level of causality 5 Nonpersonal Persons are caused by the physical environment Things that happen physically on the planet affect us You are literally what you eat and what you drink Global structures cause you Ex oil where it is what you do to get it impacts you Q Who you are as person is caused by your body mind relationships culture and history and your physical environment 0 What is the cause of person 0 What causes the person to be depressed I Physiopersonal 0 Thing are complex 0 A psychiatrist assumes a depressed person is caused by abnormal brain chemistry 0 Low serotonin activity in the brain Brain cells communicate using chemicals 0 I will give you this medicine and this will change the chemicals in your brain to make you not depressed I lntrapersonal 0 Aaron T Beck gt Cognitive trialgt self world future 0 If you are depressed person the world is HORRIBLE PLACE 0 Very negative view on everything in life 0 Depression is caused by a pessimistic explanatory style 3 scientific method
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