Psychology: Week one of notes
Psychology: Week one of notes PSY 1113
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by elzbietaag on Saturday August 29, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 1113 at University of Oklahoma taught by Jenel Cavazos in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 35 views. For similar materials see Elements of Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Oklahoma.
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Date Created: 08/29/15
Psychology Notes 82515 Dale Hall Tower 719 Psy1113drcouedu Twitter jenelcavazos Facebook psych with Dr C lnstagram ouintropsych Assistants Dale Hall 117 4053254111 Lectures will be recorded 4 exams 50 multiple choice questions 0 Scenario concept questions No makeup exams 3 application assignments submit vs quotsave and exitquot prescreening September 4 5pm September 13 11pm 0 counts as a credit 0 D2L Math Lab 0 Wagner Hall 245 o M 12302 with Dr C o T 7830 pm with Stephanie and Deca Vocab Chapter 1 Psychology the scienti c study of behavior and mental processes Science the use of systematic methods to observe the natural world including human behavior and to draw conclusions Critical thinking the process of re ecting deeply and actively asking questions and evaluating the evidence Empirical method gaining knowledge through the observation of events the collection of data and logical reasoning Positive psychology a branch of psychology that emphasizes human strengths Structuralism Wundt s approach to discovering the basic elements or structure of metal processes so called because of its focus on identifying the structures of the human mind Functionalism James s approach to mental processes emphasizing the functions an purposes of the mind and behavior in the individuals adaptation to the environment Natural selection Darwin s principle of an evolutionary process in which organisms that are best adapted to their environment will survive and produce offspring Biological approach an approach to psychology focusing on the body especially the brain and nervous system Psychology Behavioral approach an approach to psychology emphasizing the scienti c study of observable behavioral responses and their environmental determinants Psychodynamic approach an approach to psychology emphasizing unconscious thought the con ict between biological drives such as the drive for sex and society s demands and early childhood family experiences Humanistic approach an approach to psychology emphasizing a persons positive qualities the capacity for positive growth and the freedom to choose any destiny 0 Cognitive approach an approach to psychology emphasizing the mental processes involved in knowing how we direct our attention perceive remember think and solve problems Evolutionary approach an approach to psychology centered o evolutionary ideas such as adaptation reproduction and natural selection as the basis for explaining speci c human behaviors Sociocultural approach an approach to psychology that examines the ways in which social and cultural environments in uence behavior Psychopathology the scienti c study of psychological disorders and the development of diagnostic categories and treatments for those disorders Notes 82715 Chapter 1 What is Psychology oz What is psychology gt The scienti c study of behavior and mental process Scienti c method What can be directly observed Thoughts feelings motivations gt What do psychologists do Research Educate Help people gt How have psychologist affected our lives Advertisingmarketing Give a deeper understanding about everything Help treat mental illnesses Education how do people learn How do we process information gt Where do we nd the 24 clinical mental illnesses more serious Psychology 12 industrial workplace worklife balance work for corporations how to make the company succeed and be more productive how to make everyone get along who makes a good leader group processes 22 private practice more talk therapy counseling go see a therapist 4 school 4 other 34 academic teacher professor PHD research people who aren t sick gt Psychology s goal is to describe predict explain and control or change behavior The biological approach gt Focuses on the brain nervous system and other biological funcUons Genetic heredity and evolution Instincts Hormones and neurotransmitters Neuroscience The behavioral approach gt John B Watson BF Skinner gt Scienti c study of observable behavioral responses and their environmental determinants Patterns of reward and punishment The psychodynamic approach gt Sigmund Freud gt Emphasizes unconscious thoughts gt Con ict between biological drives and the demands of society gt Early childhood experiences are especially important The humanistic approach gt Carl Rogers Abraham Maslow gt All individuals have an inborn drive to grow develop and ful lled gt Emphasis on free will gt Unconditional positive regard motherly love gt Conditions of worthquot you are only good enough ifquot The cognitive approach gt Focuses on how people think understand and know about the world Brain is viewed as a problemsolving supercomputer Our behavior is affected by how we process information The evolutionary approach gt Uses evolutionary principles adaptation reproduction and natural selection to explain the origins of human behaviors Aggression Psychology Fear Mating patterns gt Ex heterosexual men report sexual in delity as much more troubling than an emotional affair gt Opposite patterns in heterosexual women lesbian women homosexual men
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