PHI2630 Week 1 Notes
PHI2630 Week 1 Notes PHI2630
Popular in Ethical Issues/ Life Choices
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Beatriz Arteaga on Saturday August 29, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PHI2630 at Florida State University taught by Stephen Kearns in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 213 views. For similar materials see Ethical Issues/ Life Choices in PHIL-Philosophy at Florida State University.
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Date Created: 08/29/15
PH2630 Reasoning Errors and Arguments The fallacy of majority belief Most people believe it so it39s probably true The fallacy of common practice Most people do it so it39s probably okay Ad Hominem Ad Hominem circumstantial Losing the argument Attack the person39s character or circumstances rather than examine and assess their evidence Ignore the evidence and attack person giving evidence Refrain from pointing at the argument and saying that it39s bad Ad Hominem of an argument or reaction directed against a person rather than the position they are maintaining eg a politician degrading another politician Ad Hominem Circumstantial a fallacy in which one attempts to attack a claim by asserting that the person making the claim is making it simply out of selfinterest eg car salesman Will say anything because they want to sell you the car Appeal to spurious authority Example Einstein agrees with me about God That39s enough evidence for me If an expert agrees with your claim in their field consensus in the field most likely to agree with them Spurious although Einstein was smart he wasn39t an expert on God spurious can mean false or fake The perfectionist fallacy This proposal makes things better but not perfect I will oppose it f policy X isn t ideal and does not meet all the objectives the way we want it to then it should be rejected Conflation of morality with legality Something is illegal It39s immoral Something39s legal It s moral Something39s immoral t SHOULD be illegal Something39s moral t SHOULD be legal