Lecture Notes: Week of August 24 - 28
Lecture Notes: Week of August 24 - 28 HI 1063
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Grey Garris on Saturday August 29, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HI 1063 at Mississippi State University taught by Andrew Lang in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 244 views. For similar materials see Early US History in History at Mississippi State University.
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Date Created: 08/29/15
HI 1063 Lecture Notes Week of August 2428 Lecture 2 Puritanism in New England Details This week includes the Course Reader Sections 2 2 2 42 5 2 7 and 2 8 Review of the reading is included at the end in these notes but the reading itself is not I Introduction A Puritans were a religious sect that argued that the Church of England was corrupt and did not go far enough in its teachings to be considered pure B Puritans settled the Massachusetts Bay Colony as a refuge from the religious persecution they felt at home 1 Intended to create a City On A Hillquot as a model to the rest of the world in how to live 2 It was a settlement in applied theology It was an attempt at making the Holy Placequot a reality C Key Questions 1 Was the birth of the Massachusetts Bay Colonv focused on religious libertv 2 Did the colony succeed or fail at its primarv purpose ll Puritan Theology A John Winthrop 1 The human embodiment of Puritanismquot First person to cite the desire to create a City On A Hillquot First governor of the colony B Purpose of the colony was stated to be preceded by the idea that everyone else in the world but particularly the Church of England was doing something wrong religiously except for the Puritans themselves C John Calvin 1 A 16th century Protestant who was the father of all Puritan ideals Believed that all souls are born evil and condemned to hell except in the case that God has given a chosen few entry to heaven This concept became known as Predestination D Covenant of Grace and The Electquot 1 To be considered a soul destined to heaven individuals would present their Covenant of Grace a religious experience in which they realized their heaven bound destiny to a group of men who judged the authenticity of the claim and determined whether the person was lying or telling the truth and became one of The Electquot that God chose to keep in Heaven lll Puritan Opposition to the Church of England A Teachings and Episcopal Government 1 The Puritans viewed the hierarchical nature of the Church of England the Bishops and the King as wrong and unnecessary as there was no inbetween to reach God 2 Puritans believed that free will did not exist and that the Church of England was lying to its followers by telling them it did 3 Puritans did not agree with the ritualistic nature of the Church B Split in Puritans 1 The Puritans wanted to change the way religion was done but there rose three factions with different ideas on how to go about this change a Presbyterians largest portion of the Puritans Mostly conservative and wished only for minor changes such as the removal of the Bishops election of leaders from one s own church body and saw those who were not one of the Elect as okay b Separatists The faction that became the Pilgrims Broke from the Church in 1620 and founded the Plymouth colony Favored Congregationalism each group helped itself c Non Separatists The faction that founded the Massachusetts Bay Colony Did not want to break the Church of England just change it Believed they had the only right way of doing things IV Puritan Dilemma A The Puritans believed that there was only one way to God their way But breaking off from the Church would mean conceding that there were two ways to God Separation also would mean civil war against the King and the Puritans viewed government and religion as in a marriage so they wouldn t do that If they separated that would also mean they would have to tolerate other religions which they refused to believe in As a compromise they fled to the Massachusetts Bay Colony to start there Readings a John Winthrop lays out the intentions and expectations of the Puritans in the colony The section is essentially a statement that the Puritans have been given the mission to settle by God and that there are certain expectations that must be heeded to unless the colony wishes to court destruction by God s hand 2i This is a script of the conversation that took place at the trial of Anne Hutchinson Mrs Hutchinson was being charged with harboring and aiding people who had religious ideas separate and different from those of the Puritan leadership She did not resist on this account but instead resisted on the fact that they had no right to charge her in this manner as she said she had been told to do so by God himself The court dismissed this claim and Mrs Hutchinson was exiled to what would become Rhode Island as punishment 245 This is a recounting of the trial and execution of a teenage boy who repeatedly had sex with animals The section is intended to show the intertwining of the laws of the Puritans and their religious ideals as the boy was executed under the pretense of a crime against Godquot not animal cruelty 2 This section is a statement from a Micmac chief about why he and his people keep to their way of life The chief makes a pointed argument asking why the settlers view his people as barbaric and why they talk of France as a paradise if they left it The chief sums up his reasoning for the statement that the natives are still better and happier than the French colonists despite their opposition to the claim He cites native ingenuity and freedom as well as the view that the French are far less happy and seem to trudge monotonously through life as reasons for his own people being the true superiors E This is a report on the value of the New World s resources and includes a description of the native tribes and their relationship with the settlers The report praises the land almost as though it were a paradise for resources It describes the appearance of the natives as well as some aspects of their culture It labels them as mostly kind and naturally giving and states that disagreements can be justly solved with them It does however make the view that the natives were still somehow below the settlers due to the fact that they were not Christian
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