Gender in the Economy Notes from 8/25 and 8/27
Gender in the Economy Notes from 8/25 and 8/27 Econ 211-003
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Austin Notetaker on Saturday August 29, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Econ 211-003 at Colorado State University taught by Christina Curley in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 112 views. For similar materials see Gender in the Economy in Economcs at Colorado State University.
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Date Created: 08/29/15
Gender in the Economy Notes 82515 and 82715 825 1 5 Utility how economists de ne wellbeing or satisfaction Measure of happiness Rationality choosing the option that maximizes utility with the opportunities available Positive factual statement objective Normative statement of desire or wishes subjective Economic Theory Theory explanation for why an event might have occurred Economic model framework that explains human behavior Approach examine effects of a change in a variable while assuming all else remains equal Scope of Economics Mainstream economics tend to focus on the market and government Gender adds 0 Analysis of nonmarket household decisions and production 0 Analysis of men and women s work in the labor market and household 0 Behavior of families amp households as well as individual behavior 0 Correlation between gender and behaviordecisions 827 1 5 Gender and Sex Sex biological dependent on seX chromosomes Gender Social construct not innate masculine amp feminine Acquired through interaction in a social world Masculinity amp femininity opposites Masculine behavior strength aggressive nature family provider Feminine behavior delicate submissive nature family nurturer Teaching Gender 0 Males and females are raised differently 0 Girls are told to be kind not messy glorified for beauty 0 Boys are told not to cry stay tough encouraged to have an aggressive competitive behavior Theoretical Approach Biological in uences on gender 0 Biological Theory biological characteristics of the sexes are the basis of gender differences 0 Hormonal Activity 0 Estrogen Female dominant hormone Strengthens the immune system more good cholesterol greater deposition of fat around hips and breasts 0 Testosterone Male dominant hormone Dominate personality body hair more muscle development potential 0 Brain structure Men are more developed on the left side of the brain logic and reasoning Women are more developed on the right side of the brain creativity and intuition o Interpersonal in uences on gender 0 Psychodynamic Theory emphasis on interpersonal relationship within family that affect a child s identity Birth to toddler ages 0 Psychological Theories learning and role modeling between children and a variety of people outside of the household Cultural In uences on Gender 0 Anthropology 0 Different societies have different views on gender as well as varied levels of equality and inequality between them 0 Research indicates that division of labor leads to inequality Theoretical Approaches to Gender 0 Cultural in uences on gender 0 Standpoint Theory I Position in society in uences circumstances in life Privileged societal position leads to a privileged lifestyle 0 Standpoint or perspective can distort views of social life I Those in power do not fully understand the viewpoints of those that are subordinate or in a lesser position 0 Different social groups develop particular attitudes skills and values based on place in society
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