Lecture 1 Notes
Lecture 1 Notes Art 386
Popular in Special Topics in Art History: Islamic Art and Architecture
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Amber Gravett on Saturday August 29, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Art 386 at Illinois State University taught by Maggie Duncan-Flowers in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 105 views. For similar materials see Special Topics in Art History: Islamic Art and Architecture in Art History at Illinois State University.
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Date Created: 08/29/15
Study Soup Islamic Art and Architecture Lecture 1 The Rise of Islam Signi cant Places and Peoples in the Arab cultural area 1 0 Yemen Country located in Southern Arabia Was once a desert but was transformed into a fertile agricultural area by monsoon rains Coffee is produced here Nabataean Kingdom An Arabic political state that existed from 1688C106AD It s capital city was Petra which was located along the caravan route Hedjaz They used Aramaic for writing and language then switched to helenistic greek Palmyra A wealthy and vibrant city that is also located along the Hedjaz It was incorporated into the Roman province of Syria in the 1st century There was a rebellion in the 3rel century which was crushed by the Romans and the city never fully recovered Arbia Petraea Province of the Roman Empire that included the Nabataean Kingdom Levant the Sinai Peninsula and the Northwestern Arabian Peninsula Petra was it s main city Ghassanids a group of Christian tribes from Southern Arabia Lakhmids Arab Christian kingdom formerly located in Southern Iraq Sassanids Iranian empire that was conquered during the expansion of Islam PreIslamic History 1 2 3 Fall of Byzantine Empire Persian Empire Arabic region was predominantly polytheistic before Islam The life of The Prophet Muhammad 1 2 Parents were Abd Allah and Aminah they died when he was very young Taken in by his uncle Abu Talib who was a caravan trader and a powerful leader in Mecca Married a rich widow named Khadija at age 25 She owns a caravan business They have two sons and four daughters Quraysh tribe Merchant tribe that opposed Muhammad and his followers a They plotted a conspiracy to assassinate Muhammad and all of his followers He had to sneak out of Mecca and settle in Medina An 8 year war follows between Meccans and Muhammad s followers resulting in Muhammad taking over Mecca close to the end of his life 5 17 Ramadan 610 quotNight of Powerquot when Muhammad receives his rst revelation from Allah Islamic Beliefs A Primordial Nature Muslims believe that human beings are not essentially sinful like in Christianity The practice of Islam is designed to keep people focused on god and subsequently keep in touch with their primordial origins The ultimate sin in Islam is forgetfulness of god s ways and the inability to live the way he intended B The Five Pillars of Islam 1 Shahada bearing witness 2 Salat ritual prayer 3 Zakat obligatory generosity 4 Sawm fasting during ramadan 5 Hajj pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in your lifetime C Sources of Authority 1 Muhammad and his original followers 2 Koran God s word as revealed to the Prophet Muhammad 3 Hadith Traditions based off the teachings and lifestyle of the Prophet 4 Shar ia Islamic law based on the Koran D Seal of the Prophets The Universal Man Muhammad A dear friend to Muslims Sunna model of Muhammad the Prophet E The Ka bah a structure in the center of Haram Mosque in Mecca All prayer is directed towards this location 1 History Abraham built the very rst and declared it a public pilgrimage site 2 Strutcure cube made of volcanic stone There is a cloth draped over it year round and once a year it is taken down and replaced It is embroidered with Koranic verses Other Signi cant terms Quibla proper direction to face during prayer towards the Ka ba Hajj annual pilgrimage rites Hijra or hegira migration from Mecca to Medina Shahada bearing witness
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