SOC 240 Week Two Notes
SOC 240 Week Two Notes Soc 240
Popular in People In Places: Understanding and Developing Community
Popular in Sociology
This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Daniel Meyer on Saturday August 29, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 240 at Illinois State University taught by Michael Dougherty in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 149 views. For similar materials see People In Places: Understanding and Developing Community in Sociology at Illinois State University.
Reviews for SOC 240 Week Two Notes
Almost no time left on the clock and my grade on the line. Where else would I go? Daniel has the best notes period!
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
Date Created: 08/29/15
SOC 240 WEEK TWO NOTES Recap CW Millsa sociological imagination social change happens What is normal in 1950 isn t normal in 2015 Social transitions aren t goodbad or superiorinferior If a person is stuck in a moment of change they feel isolatedconfused Series of Traps We don t always know our place what goes on around us Solution we shape normsnorms shape us A person s understanding of social issues is conditions by social forces Recessionwar made you lose job not poor performance How does sociological imagination impact communities In regards to communities of place Public issues affect various communities differently For instance take a small rural farm school The school shuts down and merges with a school 30 miles away The whole community changes with the merger Parents need to prepare children differently in the morning Children make a new commute Morning traffic in the community changes Urbanization and mechanization are examples of forces that a ect individuals in certain communities Questions in sociology related to community How is the nature of the community changing Is it getting stronger weaker or just changing form Stance 1 Electronics are destroying face to face communication Stance 2 The community is just changing form idea organizes people around the idea What are the power dynamics within communities Certain things make some communities greatterrible Chicago is a regional powerhouse while Milwaukee is fading away They both started with the same purposefunctions and similar locations We are an urban species most of us live in cities What defines a rural community today Is it purely the population in a community Is it the culture of the community Big trucks blue jeans and cowboy hats Does rural imply farmingfarmers are prevalent in the community How are natural resources managed Elements of community of place 1 Bounded territories 2 Social interaction 3 Institutions I Churches I Schools I Shopping centers I Places of high public traffic I Can be broad too Collective history Collective memory Cultural understanding 0 Mitsubishi plant closes in Normal I People lose jobs and town is scarred 4 A place to live workconsume Is a football team a community of place Yes Common memories The group has a culture The group has norms The team has some attributes of a community No It is a community of interest No borders it could be argued their field is on a map No economy there are not marketplaces The team is an institution the way a family is Community Society Culture Identity Communityterritory institutions interactions Societyexercise of sovereignty over a territory geography Lacks face to face interaction in comparison to community Matter of scale Cultureshared norms ritual world view Connected through social relations NO GEOGRAPHY Identitycrystallization within an individual of the socialculture relation in which he or she is involved and which he or she is lead to reproducereject Jews of the Diaspora form communities within societies Communitysocietyquestion of scale Citycommunity not everyone interacts face to face but small enough unit to be a community Community vs Neighborhood Neighborhood Increased emphasis on geography and less on social dimensions Primarily focused on residence Community Increased emphasis on social aspects Community Sociology Disagreement over definition Community question lost saved or liberated Is the community being degraded in the advanced global capitalist society increases in disposable income mean strong social ties Romanticizing small rural agrarian dates from Tonnies Stuck on place based value sense of place Tend to imagine communities as homogeneousproblem free ideal type Gemeinschaft 1 community 2 Gesellschaft 1 society 2 Stay local family emphasis People leave community to joinweak community ties More personal Impersonal Less formal More formal Intimate relationships Vaguefake relationships Motivated by common interest Motivated by self interest Community Vs Society Driven by tradition Embraces change Desire to conserve tradition Organic and real Vs Mechanicalimaginary True relationship based on true Automatic and based on self interest desire Private Vs Public Relations intimate anonymous Morals Vs Laws Gemeinschaft settings don t need laws 0 Everyone has a unanimous agreement that stealinghurting others injures the community Gesellschaft settings lack moral codes and need laws to direct inhabitants Moral commitment to one another is more effective than laws gemeinschaft mindset In Gesellschaft people are separate despite factors Which unite them Gemeinschaft settings are reluctant to change Natural disasters can pull community together by creating new bonds of solidarity Tonnies envisioned gemeinschaft as rural areas 0 Thought human nature was meant for rural towns 0 He thought of small places as more wholesomeintimate 0 During his time in history cities were forming it was the industrial revolution late 1890s Industrial Revolution New technology enables people to move Factories are places for people to ock to they had a desire to acquire money displaces people from rural communities Industrial corridors are very dirty and dangerous Cities formed overnight as people arrived at factories The cities were unplanned No sewers lots of poop in streets Lots of disease Many people arrived from various regions There was no common language Tonnies had no foresight he never saw the benefit of large cities Contemporary sociologists criticize him Under gemeinscha Actions governed by collective will Decisions based on betterment of community Everyone makes sure everyone else is okay Under gesellschaft Actions governed by rational will Desire to serve own interests MAKE MONEY Farmer s Market gemeinschaft Walmart gesellschaft Actual producer provides face to face Producer is thousands of miles away and service to consumer good passes through many hands Producer values craft of production All about making profit Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft are on a continuum there are bene ts to both Local commerce keeps cash flow in the community The industrial food system provides food to many people at reasonable prices FloraFlora reading 0 All rural communities are different I Differential variable is how the communities deals with problems 0 Rural America isn t old white farmers o All rural communities are facing social change I Neo liberal globalization I Youths don t want to farm anymore People are looking for jobs and income outside rural community Four types of Rural Communities RuralRemote Communities do poorly they are far from cities Persistent Poverty Entire economy predicated on one industry 0 Miningfracingextractive Raw materials have volatile markets 0 If the industry is down the community is down 0 If industry is up community is up Amenitybased Natural beauty draws people in o Beaches lakes mountains recreation These communities include retirement homes and summer homes 0 Lake Geneva WisconsinGalena Illinois Rapid Growth exurban Close to cities 0 Piggy backs off success growth of city