Week 1 Notes PHI 2010
Week 1 Notes PHI 2010 PHI 2010
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Annette Marin on Saturday August 29, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PHI 2010 at Florida State University taught by Randolph Clarke in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 736 views. For similar materials see Intro to Philosophy in PHIL-Philosophy at Florida State University.
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Date Created: 08/29/15
PHI 2010 The Theological Argument 82915 1115 PM Mock Quiz 1 In The Argument from Designquot William Paley imagines finding which of the following a a new continent b an old book d a diamond 2 With which question about what he imagines finding is Paley concerned a How was it made c To whom does it belong d How large is it Does God Exist K39 question What defines God The AllPerfect Being is gt Omniscient 2 Omnipotent the one with the mostest of these 2 Omnibenevolent Question to focus on Does this kind of being exist Is there an argument that shows this being exists Is there an argument that shows this being does not exist The Theological Argument Analogical Version 1 The world and every part of it is like a machine in that its parts are adjusted to each other with means adapted to ends 2 Machines are products of design thought wisdom and intelligence Generally when effects resemble each other their causes do as well 4 Therefore the world too is a product of design thought wisdom and intelligence UL The argument is a posteriori Deductive Argument With a wellformed valid deductive argument the truth of the premises guarantees the truth of the conclusion Inductive Argument The truth of the premises doesn t guarantee the truth of the conclusion but their truth is meant to show that the conclusion is probably true CompetingHypotheses Objections Even if the Teleological Argument provides good evidence for its conclusion it fails to provide good evidence that it was God who made the world and observation of the world can t provide that further evidence Weak Analogy Objections in fact the Teleological Argument doesn t provide good evidence for the truth of its conclusion because the analogy between the world and machines isn t very strong Some Competing Hypotheses about the Makers of the World 2 There s just one 2 There are many 23 a 2 It is they are infinitely perfect 2 It is they are only finitely perfect contradict each other 2 It is they are eternal 2 It is they are mortal gt 2 It is they are immaterial spiritual 2 It is they are material