Introduction to Anthropology and What Is Archaeology?
Introduction to Anthropology and What Is Archaeology? ANTH 2210-001
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Amy Notetaker on Saturday August 29, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 2210-001 at Middle Tennessee State University taught by Dr. Aaron Deter-Wolf in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 156 views. For similar materials see World Prehistory in ANTH at Middle Tennessee State University.
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Date Created: 08/29/15
Anthropology Comes from the greek words 0 Anthropos Humans o Logos The study of It s the study of Humanity 0 our physical characteristics as animals 0 whole human condition past present and future 0 unique nonbiological characteristic CULTURE Culture is learned not biological Cultural Bias Everything about your culture is right negative views on other cultures Cultural Relativism Behavior is one culture should not be judged by the standards of another culture This is how we will overcome Ethnocentrism Origins of Anthropology As Europeans started to expand and explore they came in contact with other cultures One of those cultures they came in contact with was the Indians They called them savages because they didn t understand their culture Etic Vs Emic Etic refers to the description of a culture from an observer Emic lnsider perspective Sociology vs Anthropology 0 both explore humans and communities 0 industrialized western vs non industrialized state 0 questionnaires vs observational assessment Anthropology is a Science It uses the scientific method hypothesisexperiment observe There are 4 subfields of anthropology 0 Cultural Anthropology o Linguistic Anthropology o PhysicalBiological Anthropology o Archaeology Cultural Anthropology is examining cultures of the present Linguistic Anthropology language as a cultural resource and speaking as a cultural practice PhysicalBehavioral Anthropology Human evolution and Human biological vana on Archaeology the past tense of cultural anthropology Study of past society through material culture specifically artifacts left behind Goals of Archaeology 0 develop a cultural history 0 reconstruct past lifeways o explain cultural change 0 preserve the past for the future Archaeological data comes from the ground People bury things People move on Natural disaster bury things JUNK ACCUMULATES Differential Preservation not everything preserves the same way Deliberate Preservation Mummification Types of Archaeological Data Artifacts Features Sites Regions Artifacts things modified by human activities such as toys tools arts and etc Features Nonportable artifacts Burials storage pits and hearth Sites Clusters of artifacts and or feature Region areas exhibiting cultural homogeneity during particular period
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