Week One Notes
Week One Notes BL_STU 2200 - 01
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by TigerGirl2019 on Saturday August 29, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to BL_STU 2200 - 01 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by Andrew Fisher in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 518 views. For similar materials see Social Inequalities in Linguistics and Speech Pathology at University of Missouri - Columbia.
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Date Created: 08/29/15
Social Inequalities 2200 Week 1 quotThe Socialquot Relationships conditions and rules with the consequences made up through the interaction of humans 0 These provide The economy Politics Languages Sciences Race Hass Gender 0 Things results from human interaction such as social interaction 0 All of these things from the list above don39t exist outside of humans and are composed of human invention 0 They also result from the notion that we as humans need to know things 0 Psychology is de ned as quotthe self de nes the socialquot 0 Sociology is de ned as quotthe social de nes the selfquot Units for Analysis the Levels of the Social 0 The self society39s recognition of the individual and also the re ection of personal views connected to the social 0 Group informal collections of people and small in number 0 Organizations formal organized collections of people that have gathered for a purpose 0 Institutions structured and larger than groups or organizations and contain a hierarchy 0 Culture have a fuzzyblurred structure and contain quotideas in contextquot that are held throughout a group of people 0 Society Stems of Sociology Thought 0 Functionalism idea that everything exists for a reason Ex Family 0 Con ict theory idea that everything is con ict Ex Family produces workers 0 Symbolic idea that everything can be read as symbols Ex Personality Sociology is a Science 0 Scienti c method where observations and experiments are used to test theories Must be empirically testable Falsi able Reproducible Valid Generalizable Studying the Events of the Social 0 Of cial statistics numerical tabulations brought together by government of cialsemployees of agencies Ex The FBI 0 Survey research information gathered about behavior by social scientists 0 Field research observation interviewing and analysis done directly by the researcher What Determines the Police Force Size 0 Ideas by Sharp Functionalist explanation Workload demandfrequency of crime 0 The amount of local organization innovation opportunities such as Neighborhood Crime Watch City39s ability to nance the police force 0 Institutional legacies Explanation by Con ict Theory Threats 0 Political 0 Class 0 Racial 0 Race and class threat ratio 0 The Pursuit of the Idea of lntersectionality De nition interplay of class and race on police force size Findings of Study 0 Better measurements of cities39 scal capacity Ultimately race and class affect police force size Categories of Difference in Society 0 Race and ethnicity Class Sexgender Sexuality Religion Nationality Ability Above unequal in each category the best of each category decide who is de ned as the best and the worst Ethnocentrism the view that one39s own ethnicity cultural group is the most important and all relations are measured in relation to this standard Current Category Importance 0 Some groups experience more opportunities 0 Categories remain foundations for systems of power and equality 0 Dominant forms of being and knowledge re ect the system of power 0 One cannot exist without the other Minority the groups that hold less of society s power and access to resources in relation to the majority based on an established distinction Majority the group that holds more of society s power and access to resources in relation to the minority based on the construction distinction between groups OOOOOOO Race describes a group of people who perceive and are perceived as possessing distinctive hereditary traits 0 Race is not real in existence but experiences real consequences Reality of Race 0 Race is a sociohistorical concept in which radical categories and their meanings are expressions of social relations in history 0 There is no scienti c basisevidence for race and was constructed by those with power and the will to construct it o It began to form in the 14005 when Europeans ran into others that were different from those of their home continent o The idea of being postracial will only become reality when someone says they are of a certain race and no one understands the idea of being different in such a way 0 Development Racial formation process by which social economic and political forces determine the importance of racial categories and what is contained within them Highergroup that forms the rules generally bene ts from the formation 0 OneDrop Rule Otherwise known as hypodescent the automatic assignment of mixed members of groups to the minority group in order to avoid ambiguity of the dominant category 0 Ethnicity describes a group of people who perceives and is perceived as sharing cultural traits ie language religion familial customs and dietary preferences Idea of ethnicity is uid for some but not for others People often change ethnicity over time as individuals Idea of Optional Ethnicity Option 1 to claim any or no ethnicity Option 2 to choose among different ethnicities At this point in time the degree of discrimination attached to European backgrounds has diminished 0 Before this time few people intermarried and segregation was maintained 0 US Census Found intergeneration changes children are not reported as having quotmixed ancestryquot even though they have many ancestries Lifetime changes selfreporting as a single ancestry increased at the ages of 1822 as young adults leave home 0 Types of Ethnicity Symbolic ethnicity that is individualistic in nature and without any real social cost for the individual to claim it at any time Essential ethnicity that cannot be denied because it is social imposed Many experience the question quotWho are youquot
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