Music 125 Midterm Study Guide
Music 125 Midterm Study Guide
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This 6 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Bryce Buser on Saturday May 3, 2014. The One Day of Notes belongs to a course at University of Oregon taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 159 views.
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Date Created: 05/03/14
Music 125 Midterm Study Guide The Midterm is on Wednesday May 7 2014 Music 125 M W 12120pm CRN 36881 Study Tips Use this study guide to make ashcards Make sure you know everything on this study guide and the professor said nothing would appear that isn39t on this study guide however do the readings Finally when you think you have it all down study with a partner that you might have someone else quiz you and determine if you39re actually ready Good Luck Finally listen to the music we listened to in class using your online account for your book The Listenings we did are in the readings Note The Classical Period is not included on this midterm This study guide does not include the clefs staff at sharp and natural sign identification all can be found on blackboard The following is taken from my own original notes Readings The Listening activities we did in class we did are in the following readings p 6888 p 89103 p 104146 p 148201 The Medieval Period 4761450 476 Fall of the Roman Empire Music is a re ection of the time period it is composed in The medieval period and the music during that time had a still quiet nature There are few musical examples for this time period music was spread by word of mouth It was during this time that tings began to change and music began to be cataloged Monks and Nuns created a system of notation in order to be able to write down their music Gregorian Chant Plainchant Plainsong Syllabic Chant Named for Pope Gregory the Great 540604 There is no harmony one note at a time and no instruments This single line of melody is Monophony Monophonic Gregorian Chant is a mix of one and more than one person singing the one line of melody Neumatic Chant a few notes per syllable about 27 notes Melismatic Chant multiple notes per syllable 7 amp above Binary Form A B Examples are Greensleeves Rounded Binary both parts end the same Simple Binary both parts end differently Ternary Form A B A Examples are Twinkle Twinkle Little Star and Alleluia O Virga Mediatrix Bar Form A A B The A Section is repeated before the B section starts and then the song ends Common in German music Second A musically the same and text is different could be a lowercase a Polyphony adding an additional melody at a given moment bass drone counts as a melody If the additional melodies are similar to each other they are said to be Imitative Homorhythmic Homorhythm Texture a condition of homophony It is the same in rhythm or has very similar rhythm throughout the piece and is typically used in sacred music Homophonic Homophony Texture No relationship with other textures Example mono poly textures are opposites Has to do with lyrics and accompaniment Example singers and the occasional strum of a guitar Melody doesn39t have to be a singer Organum a new angle of chant Using pre existing chant and adding text less voices of polyphony on top Sacred vs Secular Music Sacred music is music that is composed for the purpose of religion hymns parts of the mass etc and is religious is nature Secular music is everything else that is not Sacred The Renaissance Period 14501600 Increasingly secular Humanism touch and understand science becomes popular as opposed to the religion that guided the Medieval Period Artistic Awakening art is seen with a greater sense of virtue Scientific inventions 1609 Telescope 1440 Printing Press Widespread use of gunpowder it had already been invented by the Chinese Martin Luther Wrote the 95 Theses which was a list of things he found wrong with the Catholic Church Opposed to the idea of amount of tidings you gave made you more forgiven Catholic leadership supported the independent lifestyle provided by the poor Birth of Protestant Reformation and the Lutheran Church Many people followed him and the Catholic Church lost many of its members The Catholic Church decided to rethink some of the things they did which became known as the Counter Reformation A capella a lack of instruments voices only Word Painting Text Painting Music is organized to describe what the words are speaking about Example Mille Regret A Thousand Regrets Composer Iosquin des Prez c 14501521 Observations of Lyrics Last words fade away on repeat of dwindle away Leaving behind your loving face 9 repeating memory Emphasis on Deserting you and leaving Intensity and volume increase on I feel High voices on Pain to create discomfort for the listener Council of Trent World History39s longest religious convention Variety of Changes in the Catholic Church Includes music which we will focus on but that was not the only change made There was lots of polyphony in the current music and the people could not follow the words The Catholic Church decided that people were there to listen to the word of God and they should be able to follow the lyrics Three types of Renaissance Secular Music Chanson a French song Italian English Madrigal polyphonic vocal music about two to eight voices that are usually unaccompanied Shows up in late Renaissance period Early Baroque Period Mille Regret A Thousand Regrets Composer Iosquin des Prez c 14501521 Chanson Observations of Lyrics Last words fade away on repeat of dwindle away Leaving behind your loving face 9 repeating memory Emphasis on Deserting you and leaving Intensity and volume increase on I feel High voices on Pain to create discomfort for the listener In Class Listening Il bianco e dolce cigno The White and Sweet Swan Composer Iacques Arcadelt Italian Madrigal Special meaning and emphasis Word paining on the word happy In Class Listening Fair Phyllis Composer Iohn Farmer English Madrigal A good piece to review forms and textures we have studied so far Observations Voices jump around Phyllis is alone one voice singing Phyllis Flock many voices singing Shepherds know not where she was many voices jumping around as if searching for her Up and Down voices follow the text fell a kissing voices come together again and speak softly like telling a secret The Baroque Period 1750 Time the period ended the year that Bach died Bach composed more pieces then we might have been aware of Bach39s sons were all classical composers and didn39t like Bach39s music too much and wondered why he continued to compose Bach is the one we remember not his sons 1740s Classical period already starting to emerge Aesthetic The way something is good or bad Quality what is beautifultasteless Monody Baroque Era A song sung with simple music accompaniment that won39t get in the way Usually homophonic in texture Homophony isn39t always monody monody needs a singer Figured Bass in the Baroque Period Figured Bass is a bass line were the harmonies rather than in cords were indicated by figures This way the opera s orchestra could put it together the way they needed to depending on the instruments available Basso Continuo People who played Figured Bass Continuous bass Monody Bass note and numbers for different registers Ground Bass Repeating bass line lots in the Baroque Period Opera dramatic production and were like low tech movies Components orchestra singers acting scenery story costumes Take something musical and put it in a dramatic backdrop plays Recitative involves music and singing not very memorable as text is the priority Aria tuneful what you expect from a typical song It is melodic and cohabitates with text It is the music that is stuck in your head after a show Program Music or Programmatic Music a piece that relates to a story Opera Absolute Music composed for its own sake no story Ritornello A section of music usually orchestral that returns over and over Concerto A piece of music written for an orchestra and a soloist Major Chords These notes exist as a scientific fact All major chords are variants of the harmonic series Minor Chords In con ict with the natural acoustics of music Makes major sound a little darker Do not resonate mathematically Fugue specialized form of imitative polyphony Recall IS Bach39s Prelude and Fugue in C minor Subject The main theme 1st statement Answer Subsequent entrance of main theme Counter Subject Accompaniment to the answer Episode Miscellaneous material Stretto Rapid entrances of a fragment of the subject subject let Cantata Bases for Hymns Sacred Biblical Voices Choir Solo Multi movement Work Recitative and Arias In Class Listening Cantata No 140 Wachet auf Sleepers Awake by IS Bach Oratorio Concert Setting Sacred Biblical Voices Choir Solo Multi movement Work Recitative and Arias Orchestra In Class Listening Messiah No 18 Rejoice Greatly No 44 Chorus Hallelujah Composer George Frederick Handel de capo aria ABA A based on A but has some new material Musical Registers Soprano Alto Tenor Baritone Bass
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