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Psychology 202: Morality

by: Bryce Buser

Psychology 202: Morality

Marketplace > University of Oregon > Psychlogy > Psychology 202 Morality
Bryce Buser

Azim F. Shariff, PhD

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About this Document

The notes for the Morality lecture: includes easy to follow definitions for terms you have to know, and study tips.
Azim F. Shariff, PhD
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This 2 page Reader was uploaded by Bryce Buser on Saturday May 3, 2014. The Reader belongs to a course at University of Oregon taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 65 views.

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Date Created: 05/03/14
Psychology 202 CRN 37657 T R 4 550pm Updates None What You Need to Know Notes that you need to know are in black Any notes that I have added for clarity on the topic will be in green Hopefully this makes things a more clear for you all and if you have any ideas in how I can format these notes to make things even easier send me an email at buseruoregonedu Study Tip use this material to make ash cards Use the bolded words for the front and their definitions and explanations for the back Always eat breakfast before taking a midterm Even if you don39t normally eat anything before lunch you brain runs on carbs which have been totally used up in the night and is not running on empty Don39t expect to do any major thinking before getting something in your stomach preferably a piece of toast or something along those lines Thursday May 1 2014 Corresponding Readings None Vocabulary Kohlberg s Stages of Moral Reasoning Level 1 Pre conventional Morality Stage 1 Obedience and Punishment Orientation Stage 2 Individualism and Exchange Level 2 Conventional Morality Stage 3 Good Interpersonal Relationships Stage 4 Maintaining the Social Order Level 3 Post Conventional Morality Stage 5 Social Contract and Individual Rights Stage 6 Universal principles Moral Dumbfounding the inability to explain rationally strong moral reactions that people feel in a particular situation Social Intuitionist Theory of Morality Rather than rational decision making moral judgments tend to be determined using unconscious intuitions of right and wrong and emotion Morality produces cooperation based off of social relations Teamwork and cooperation are the most useful adaptions in evolution and allows a species to achieve more in a group than just personal achievements Difficulties of Cooperation organisms are designed to pass along their own genes despite the costs that may occur and are extremely selfish Best off when everyone cooperates and then organisms are selfish Group Coordination Problem organisms have the tendency to give less take more and it is difficult to establish cooperation Prisoner39s Dilemma Temptation of Defection the most adaptive thing to do in a species that is cooperative is to be a cheater which everyone will be after a while Cooperation is sustainable using 1 Kin Selection 2 Direct Reciprocity 3 Indirect Reciprocity 4 Culture Natural Selection amp Math adaptions are based off of the mutations that lead to the best chances of reproduction These outcomes can be modeled and predicted using math Evolutionary Stable Strategies ESS 9 The Prisoner39s Dilemma Kin Selection Gene is seeking to be passed along with to thought to its host rBgtC Where r apparent genetic relatedness B benefit of the recipient C cost to the actor How do you know if you are related to someone lust guess based on social cues Direct Reciprocity best chances for an organism in a cooperative species is to Tit for Tat Indirect Reciprocity based on reputation and requires cognitive abilities to remember reputations Remember Dunbar s number about 150 Fairness and Cheating humans have become aware of cheaters and over different cultures have developed a cheater detection system Everyone is very protective of their reputation and that keeps cooperation in line Moral Emotions issues of fairness and cheating are dealt with using emotions not logic and reasoning Reason is uses only for an explanation of why we feel the way we feel Humans have complex moral emotions empathy guilt shame pride righteous anger disgust etc and have developed third party punishment Disgust co opted for moral hygiene Helps keep right and wrong straight People were more inclined to clean when morally disgusted Human Eusociality cooperative rearing a child requires 1013 million calories of energy other than what they acquire by themselves Humans share child rearing unlike chimps


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