Intro to Cinema
Intro to Cinema
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This 7 page Reader was uploaded by Quinnolyn Benson-Yates on Saturday May 3, 2014. The Reader belongs to a course at University of California Santa Barbara taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 142 views.
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Date Created: 05/03/14
Tuesday April 29 2014 Intro to Cinemas Week 5 Lecture Notes Lecture 13 Film Genres Clips of Documentary Personal Journey on genre directed and narrated by Scorsese 1 995 The Director as a Smuggler interview with Martin Scorsese He feels like he s a constant student with more to learn He suggests to study what other people have done Silver Lode example Lowbudget film in the simplicity it shows the fragile state of democracy It s a Western with simple symbols in the misenscene Political messages were smuggled in with metaphors during the blacklist time In the 50 s the subtext became as important or more important than the plot matter All the Heaven Allows example A woman falls in love with her gardener she is immersed in society he is a natureThoreau lover He is rejected from society she urges him to be patient if the people gets used to them they accept them eventually The woman chooses the society and is left suffocating in society they she is repressed The subtext is how society suppress her the dangers of conforming to society s rules and comfort Another director says you have to leave something open He says you don t preach the audience Back to Heaven Allows example the woman is given a television in place of her gardener which then was an element of isolation Bigger than Life example Plot a father is hooked on cortisone then an experimental drug Cortisone reveals a mental and spiritual dissatisfaction He wishes to escape his day to day life The stifling normality is evident at an outburst of the dinner table The husband is out of control and taking away the kid s normal activities sunday school little league etc Broken Blossoms example I the silent era some filmmakers showed extreme poverty He showed how a sordid reality an destroy the purest dreams A Buddhist Tuesday April 29 2014 who lost his religion in the slums of London and a young girl who was beaten by her father They only come alive when they are together then her father discovers them and his racism and savagery is taken to a new level The father kills the girl The Wedding March example a poor daughter and an aristocratic romance interest The director showed behind the romantic exterior the society was run by cruel greedy people The director wanted to show honest depictions of human relationships the love interests surrendered their innocence together He depicted the corruption of love and moral squalor of Vienna aristocrats The director paid a high price for his imagery and provoking subtext in his movies more examples of the dark subtext under westerns and frontier film examples of the frontiersmen succumbing to greed More examples of different portrayals of popular historical Western figures ie Billy the Kid as a joker looking for father figure Clint Eastwood describes how Unforgiven relate to common day in how gun use and weapons is unforgivable The director John Ford interviewed as a tightlipped professional He doesn t say that his films are portraying any sort of subtext The director plays himself to precisely address the issue of the authorship he says as a person the director doesn t really matter and so asking the director what he meant by something or another in the film didn t make sense The Musical section Scorsese says how musicals can be made about anything with a variety of ways to be a musical He calls it the most escapist of all film genres Now the camera itself can take part in the choreography Ambitious show runners often drove the musicals in the plots Broadway offered a metaphor for a desperate and shattered country Meet Me In Saint Louis a milestone for musicals Didn t have a broadway citizen protagonists were from a middle class household and anyone could sign or dance they didn t need a stage Now the tunes were revealing of character emotions In mid 40s darker currents sunk into musicals as the war happened It seemed pure escapist fare on the surface but comedy had bitter edge One film shows how it s difficult for two career makers to be in a relationship Tuesday April 29 2014 Early 50 s the pinnacle of the musicals These films have a lot more cool showing the triumph of the imaginary over the real singing in the rain an example of this Bob Fosse s All That Jazz introduces rhythm slowly to remind us of the fact that music will be introduced into the story at times Character gestures along with musical rhythm and the editing work together to introduce the dancing scenes The musical number introduces the main actorsdancersmain character End Buffy the Vampire Slayer example The character expresses depression while the song comments on the structure of musical numbers A tribute to 1950 s musicals by Buffy taking off her coat the irony is that Buffy is an action hero not a singingdancing character It s a tribute to musicals of the 50s and replicates some gestures The premise is that bodies burn up when they singdance their problems Westerns no longer a popular genre camera conquering vast spaces contemplating space not so popular any more as we want to see fast editing and quick action and lots of explosions See what kind of genres are popular today horror comedy all kinds action films adaptations of comic books Manga Marvel heroes etc Midterm at 5 pm Thursday May 1 2014 Lecture 14 Guest Speaker Teacher Greg MurrisSp Teaches Film 187HH Summer Session A Class will be on Horror Films What does every horror film have in common A monster Thursday May 1 2014 How does the monster relate to our society Questioning of our own societyvalues monster is us Look at examples Psycho etc See how they apply to counterculture stuff 60 s and 70 s Next guest professor Teaches Blue Horizons Production of Environmental Media class a summer session class in the course people learn how to make documentary films lighting editing storytelling techniques then get together in teams to produce films students leave the course with something they ve made and think about media in the 21st century The class guest speaker Lee Murky Sp An UCSB Alumni Graduate 2009 works in LA as a gaffer What it means to be a cinematographerDirector of Photography One position occasionally will be an entire unit on director of photography must capture on film what the director has envisioned designs and sees through lighting and cinematography has a say in selecting locations GafferChief lighting Technician Reads script asks when what s happening and where how you re going to express the film through the cinematography Annotates script on the different cutstechniques at certain points quality of lights various color palettes etc First thing to answer Shooting film imax film super 8 mm or digital which have different aspects see in dark better etc Ask is it going to be a music video or large movie etc Thursday May 1 2014 Aspect ratios 1331 43 used for television a lot especially comedies Widescreen good for landscapes 1851 used to be the standard Academy Ratio movies like Star Wars Lens choice use multiple lenses to tell stories want to keep the lens look consistent throughout film certain lens for certain scenes etc longer focal length presses the background more 16mm lens background looks far away 200 mm background looks really close but maybe blurry shallow focus long lens can make shot feel more congested than it really is Placement and camera movement static vs fluid dolly cranes etc blocking the placement and movement of the actors as directed by the director Size of object in the frame can determine it s significance low shot in citizen Kane made Kane look tall and powerful looking high shot makes character looks smallinsignificant Use of thirds helps with framing and composition things of importance tend to fall in thirds helps to keep frame balanced Triangle composition helps eye wander stacks the action Unbalanced composition Thursday May 1 2014 awkward framingcomposition eyes are very distracted here composition can be made to make your eye not want to look at the characters Lighting if it s not important don t light Why do we light exposure can we see an image composition naturalism emphasis separation depth graphic effect mood color quality emotion weather time Types of lights ISOASA Key light Fill light Back light rim edge kicker special high key vs low key high key light is closer to camera up stage low key light is going to be farther away from the camera down stage hard light small source very defined hard shadows dramatic soft light big source will wrap around objects softer shadows beauty lighting Script continuity preproduction very important to keep all the shots lighting and framing consistent know what movie you re shooting before you shoot know the editing pacing coordinates with the movie will shoot things multiple ways all the time so editor has options to choose from Thursday May 1 2014 PostGrad life Production vs business Production should start working on student films now AFI UCLA USC grad films hands on experience with tools on industry they have bigger budgets professionals come int work professionally move to LA have to slowly get the wheels turning will pick up sped later he had to work on a lot of lowbudget films for not very much didn t really turn in resumes for job all through recommendations lot of hard work breaking into the industry you meet people and through them you get jobs all networking through word of mouth work for free work for gas money etc internships highly recommended at the companies in LA they do workshops exposed to gear technology most cinematographers are boys still women have to work really hard use to be started out as a loader clean equipment etc Then become assistant AC then become AC focal length digital camera settings then operator then DP nowadays with digital technology and price point lot of people claim they re cinematographers when they haven t gone through the steps Market is over saturated nowadays with amateurs with digital cameras business development marketing etc internship at one of the top industries get to see aspects of all the different routes don t know what you want to do good place to learn all aspects of the business side
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