Week 1 - Colonization of New World
Week 1 - Colonization of New World HIST 2110
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hannah Harris on Sunday August 30, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 2110 at Georgia State University taught by Corrie Hand in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 119 views. For similar materials see SURVEY OF U.S. HISTORY in History at Georgia State University.
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Date Created: 08/30/15
Colonization of New World Wednesday August 26 2015 Spain 0 128 PM Technological advancements enabled people to explore including innovations like compasses that allowed you to know where you were 0 During this period there were religious reasons to explore I The Protestant Revolution I The Catholic Church wants to seek out new people to convert to Catholicism 0 There39s economic opportunityspices cloth etc fortrading in Europe 0 Columbus was looking for a quicker route to Asia I Thought there wasa vast ocean between Europe and Asia and that the world was much larger than it is I Thought he landed in India but he landed in the New World Canbbean o Begins colonization around 1500 0 Were trying to drive the Spanish Muslims out I Once this was successful there was an excess of soldiers in Spain 0 Spain wants gold The colony is bringing in gold I They get the stamp of approvalfrom the Catholic church III Extra fundingfrom the church 0 Claims all of the New World I This doesn39t last forever it39s too much land to police I Other European powers want land France 0 Claimed Canada and the middle ofthe US today 0 People wanted beaver furs I Are almost extinct in Europe I Plenty in North America 0 Got along with the Native Americans I Even intermarried I Successfultrading Netherlands 3 New Amsterdam was nnp nf the mnct rncmnnnlitnn nlnrpc V I vi39 Illllubvluulllvvuuvllvvl nll vIIIVUBVVUIIIVP VIIBMII FINAva 0 They established religious toleration only 10 ofthe population was actually Dutch 0 Dutch are interested in trade 0 England 0 Always thought to be a little bit behind Europe 0 King Henry VIII was king at the time I Broke from the Catholic church because he wanted to divorce his wife I The Church of England confused people III Stripping ofthe alters busting the saints tearing outthe stained glass 0 King Henry VIII dies I His son inherits the kingdom but dies young 0 Mary gets the crown I Switches back to Catholicism I Everyone is Catholic or dies 0 Elizabeth gets the crown I Believes in protestantism but anyone can be Catholic or protestant whatever they so choose I This resolves the religious confusion and persecution so people can now focus on what is going on in America 0 Begins by conquering Ireland as practice I Had a unique idea ofcolonization III Spain planted their flag and baptized the Native Americans as Christians and accepted them as Spaniards III French lived among the Native Americans and gave up part of being French III England wants white English people as a settlement I The Irish are considered barbaric 0 Sir Walter Raleigh gets the honorof settling the new land I Did such a good job settling the Conquest of Ireland that he gets a knighthood o Settles along the Carolinas Roanoke I Settlers come in 1585 I The settlers are soldiers III Have no practical skills I The English are welcomed by the Native Americans III The settlers didn39t reallv trade iust demanded food from the Native Americans because they don39t know how to farm for themselves 39 Francis Drake stops by and everyone unanimously votes to leave with Sir Francis Drake III A supply ship arrives and no one is there 39 Sir Francis Drake left 10 men III A second supply ship went there and no one was there all the houses but no people 39 They try a third time to settle III People are freaked out that those 10 men disappeared III Captain ofthe ship that broughtthem leaves 0 War breaks out in Europe 39 Governor of Roanoke goes to get supplies says he39ll be back in 6 months 39 War prevents him from returning 39 It39s 1590 when someonegoes to check the settlers III The settlers disappeared The theory is that they lived with friendly Native Americans 39 No one tries to colonize fora good while because this is terrifying o In May 1607Jamestown is founded in Virginia I The Virginia Company III A jointstock company peopleinvest in the hopes that the colony will find a cash crop or cold I 104 people colonize 39 It is mostly second sons III The eldest son always inherited so sons afterward came to Jamestown to try to get rich on their own 39 Instructions were to not found a town in marshy lowlying land III Jamestown settles in marshy lowlying land 39 Mosquitos bite people and give them malaria yellow fever etc III People are also fighting European diseases 39 Face starvation III They think there will be gold III There isn39t any gold in Virginia III These people have no practical skills no skills outside of military training 39 Captain John Smith held Jamestown together III He published a diary that seems embellished III He claims he was captured by the Powhatans and that Pocahontas saved him III He actually was being broughtin as part ofthe tribe and Pocahontas was claiming him as a member ofthe tribe Pocahontas was 10 at the time III The problems with Jamestown are that people are too busy looking forgold III Says quotHe who does not work shall not eatquot When the food starts coming in it won39t be shared if you didn39t help with the farming III The colony begins to prosper There was a powder magazine explosion and he was injured and must return to England All discipline breaks down People go back to huntingfor gold This time is known as the starving time There were 500 people at the beginning ofthe winter 60 people survived People boiled and ate shoe leather People ate their horses One man cannibalized his wife The Virginia Company decides to come up with harsher rules forthe colony III Things like getting a bodkin through the tongue for swearing death for a second offense III Execution foranyone who blasphemes or does not attend church In 1624 Virginia still isn39t thriving III People read about the harsh laws or the number of people who are dying and nobody wants to go III The Virginia Company publishes pleasant lies about the colony to attempt to get people to go there In 1620 they had discovered tobacco Europeans were already addicted to nicotine III Tobacco was expensive The Virginia company only wants small farming The King dissolves the Virginia Company 1624 seeing it as IA 1quot III IIICI ICLLIVC 39 Jamestown is now ruled bythe king 39 Men of property could elect people to represent them 39 Virginians now plant and farm tobacco in great quantities 39 Tobacco is very labor intensive I Virginia needs a workforce III Indentu red servants people who want to travel but cannot afford it so they work a 57 year indenture to someone who pays for you to get there III Once you are free you expect to get tools and land III Indentu red servants aren39t living the full 57 years I Virginia becomes more stable III People are living to the end oftheir indenture so they want the land they are owed III There isn39t much land except where the Native Americans are living III The Native Americans attack these people so they appeal to the governor Berkley Berkley does not help and thinks it is their own fault 39 Bacon39s Rebellion III Bacon leads people in a rebellion III They first slaughter Native Americans III Berkley tells them to stop so they threaten to attack Jamestown III Berkley gives them permission and as Bacon is leaving he revokes this and calls them traitors Bacon gets slaves to rebel and join him Sets some ofJamestown on fire names himself governor Burns the house of anyone he believes is hiding Berkley III Bacon dies of disentary 39 The workforce becomes African slaves III The first Africans that are brought start out as indentured servants III Africans begin to be held in perpetuity as slaves 39 The slave codes come about III These people must never get free trying to get land or rising up and overthrowing the owners 39 People start to live longer past 30 III More immigrants come because there isn39t the threat of v death come too soon 0 Maryland A proprietary colony Given toJohn Calvert a Catholic James embraces protestantism and he is the head ofthe Church ofEngbnd Calvert goes to the king to get a plot of land near Virginia and wants to make it a safe haven for Catholics III KingJames I says this is a good idea Catholics had to pay extra taxes and tithes to the Church of England while living in England Calvert was trying to set up feudalism again in America By 1634 most ofthe people who arrived in Maryland were protestants III Didn39t want to work on manors held by Catholic boards 0 England starts a civil war in 1632 Charles I was spending money and eventually ran out Charles I had to ask parliament for more money Parliament had a list of complaints against him III Leaning toward Catholicism III Bothering the people on the Scottish border Charles dismantles parliament and then for 10 years there is nothing to replace it Eventually brings it back A civil war starts Parliament beheads Charles Cromwell a dictator rules for 10 years and then dies England reinstates a monarchy with Charles II Calvert finds that Maryland is predominantly protestant People want representation in government The people set up a legislature o The king sends over unmarried women to marry the men in the colonies Women had rights Women could be picky because there were still more men than women Women could hold property III Men died more quickly than women III Men want to leave plantations to their sons so they would leave it to the wife to then give to the sons when they come ofage III Women could keep this property even if she married again III The son would get the property but would have to let them mother stay there 39 Women could become wealthy 39 Women influence politics by having parties and social gatherings and inviting politicians
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